% US Territory no permit required
Get Your CCW Reciprocity Map
Select your state
Click on a state in the CCW reciprocity map below to see which states will honor your handgun permit/license.
Tips: Traveling with a Handgun
Quick interstate travel tips
Constitutional concealed carry reciprocity Act 2017
Concealed Carry History
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Right To Carry (1986 – 2017)
Reciprocity & Permits
Travel Tips: For Concealed Carry
If you’re not traveling in a private vehicle then things can become a bit more complicated. Most airlines and train services will have a check in service for firearms so make sure your firearm is checked in. There can be additional restrictions if you use a bus or metro line. For example, transportation of firearms on MARTA (Atlanta, Georgia) is only legal if you are legally licensed to carry one. If you are licensed, you must have the license with you at all times while carrying your firearm. Firearms are also not permitted on Greyhound buses and cannot be checked in.
|California||>10||Does not prohibit possession|
|District of Columbia||>10||Does prohibit possession|
|Hawaii||>10||Does prohibit possession|
|Maryland||>20||Does not prohibit possession|
|Massachusetts||10+||Does prohibit possession|
|New Jersey||15+||Does prohibit possession|
|New York||>10||Does prohibit possession|
- Do not give law enforcement probable cause. Your vehicle cannot be legally searched without a warrant, due probable cause or your consent. So if you are stopped then do not give law enforcement permission to search your vehicle.
- Only stop if it is essential. You are generally permitted to stop at rest areas and service stations and even hotels overnight, but staying any longer will weaken the law and leave you unprotected.
- Leave the firearm locked up. At no point while in transit should you ever remove the firearm from the locked case and handle it. It is essential that the firearm remains locked up until you reach your destination if you want to remain protected by the law.
Permit Issue Policies
Arkansas – disputed
Idaho – residents only
North Dakota – residents only, concealed carry only
Wyoming – residents only
States that have a limited form of permitless carry
Montana – outside city limits
New Mexico – unloaded firearm & loaded magazine, vehicle carry
Oklahoma – residents of constitutional states
Most “Unrestricted” states still maintain a “Shall Issue” policy to allow for reciprocity with other states.
These unrestricted states still have a shall issue policy for reciprocity purposes.
Alaska, Arizona, Idaho, Kansas, Maine, Mississippi, Missouri, New Hampshire, West Virginia, Wyoming
Districts & Territories
District of Columbia
Three of these states will only allow their residents to carry without a permit with non-residents still needing a permit issued by their home state. These states are Idaho, North Dakota and Wyoming. The state of Mississippi only allows permit-less carry if the handgun is in a sheath, holster, purse, handbag, satchel or briefcase.
Open carry without a permit is also allowed in these states except North Dakota and Missouri which has a ban on certain locations.
The state of Vermont has always had permit-less carry and has never issued permits. If residents of Vermont wish to travel out-of-state with their firearm then their only choice is to obtain a permit in a state that has reciprocity agreements with their destination state. Florida concealed carry permits are popular as they can be used in 28 other states. All these constitutional carry states still issue permits on a “Shall Issue” policy to allow their residents to travel interstate.
The partially unrestricted states are Montana, New Mexico, and Oklahoma. Montana will allow permit-less concealed carry outside certain locations, such as towns, cities and logging camps. New Mexico allows the concealed carry of a handgun without a permit if the firearm is unloaded. You can also carry a loaded handgun in an open or concealed manner if traveling in a vehicle, again without a permit. But as soon as you step outside the vehicle you will need a permit. The definition of a vehicle includes motorcycles, RVs, bicycles, or while riding a horse. Oklahoma will not allow its own residents to carry without a permit. However, if you are a resident of a permit-less carry state then you are legally entitled to open or conceal carry without a permit provided you have a valid state ID on you from your home state.
There are some states whose law is “May Issue” but operate like “Shall Issue” states. These include Connecticut, New York, Massachusetts and some cities and counties in California. The issuing authorities in these states have been instructed to issue permits to nearly everyone who meets the requirements.
In Connecticut, the law states permits must be issued on a “May Issue” basis. However, various court rulings have forced the issuing authorities to issue permits on a “Shall Issue” basis to any person that meets the requirements. A 60 -day temporary permit is issued first and then a regular 5 year permit.
Rhode Island has also been forced by the courts to issue permits on a “Shall Issue” basis. The Rhode Island Supreme Court ruled on October 25, 2016, that the issuance of permits is not discretionary and they must be issued to any person who meets the requirements.
There are some states that require a refresher firearms course for renewing a permit while others allow for automatic renewal if the permit holder has filed the required documents before the permit expires.
In most “May Issue” states you will also need to show “good cause” as to why you need a handgun. Good cause can be highly subjective and this allows issuing authorities wide discretion in deciding who they will grant a permit to. Self defense is not usually accepted as good cause. Some jurisdictions will also require you to show “good cause” when a renewal application is made and why you should continue to have a firearm.
A permit can even be revoked in certain states if it is determined “good cause” no longer exists for the permit holder to have a handgun. You can also find that some “May Issue” states require a person to be of good character. This involves the applicant submitting evidence in the form of references, resumes, credit history etc.
“May Issue” states can range from permissive to restrictive which is largely based on each authorities willingness to issue permits.
Concealed carry permits are nearly impossible to obtain in urban areas such as Long Island, Boston, New York City, Los Angeles and San Francisco. Furthermore, in California, Massachusetts and New York the requirements for “good cause” can vary between counties. The application process in New York City is tedious and time consuming. Waiting up to 8 months for a permit is not uncommon in NYC.
Illinois was the last of the “No Issue” states but was forced to a “Shall Issue” jurisdiction in July 2013 after the states ban on concealed carry was declared unconstitutional by the U.S. Seventh Court of Appeals in 2012.
In practice, there are still “No Issue” states and districts. Hawaii, Maryland, New Jersey are legally “May Issue” states but act like “No Issue”. Some counties and cities in New York, California and Massachusetts all operate like “No Issue” states. Issuing authorities have been directed to rarely or in some cases never issue permits.
Federal Gun Laws
We will focus on the Safe Passage Provision as it is the provision most related to reciprocity and out-of-state travel. The Safe Passage provision was introduced to protect persons traveling from state to state with a firearm. Before the FOPA a person traveling through a state with strict firearms laws could be incarcerated for a firearms offense.
Now a gun owner can safely travel through a state where it would be illegal for him to possess a firearm if the possession of the firearm is legal in the state of origin and final destination. Certain conditions must be met to ensure the law will protect a person. These are that the person is just traveling through the state and only makes short stops for food and gas. The firearm is not accessible and is unloaded and in a locked container if the vehicle does not have a compartment separate from the driver’s compartment. The firearm may not be used for self-defense during the trip.
Not withstanding any other provision of any law or any rule or regulation of a State or any political subdivision thereof, any person who is not otherwise prohibited by this chapter from transporting, shipping, or receiving a firearm shall be entitled to transport a firearm for any lawful purpose from any place where he may lawfully possess and carry such firearm to any other place where he may lawfully possess and carry such firearm if, during such transportation the firearm is unloaded, and neither the firearm nor any ammunition being transported is readily accessible or is directly accessible from the passenger compartment of such transporting vehicle: Provided, That in the case of a vehicle without a compartment separate from the driver’s compartment the firearm or ammunition shall be contained in a locked container other than the glove compartment or console.
Frequently Asked Questions
The number of permits has risen from 14.9 million to 16.3 million for this year (2017). Our counter will only accept whole numbers so we have to round the number of to16.
% US territory no permit required for concealed carry.
Is 40% if Alaska is included. Drops to 23% if you do not include Alaska.
Source – Report from Crime Prevention Research Center
|10/12/17||Updated Ohio page, added new sections to statistics page|
|10/5/17||Added video section to Florida page|
|10/3/17||Updated Nevada page|
|10/2/17||Updated Georgia page|
|9/30/17||Updated Texas page|
|9/30/17||Entered new figures for latest 2017 NICS checks on Statistics page|
|9/29/17||Updated Pennsylvania page|
|9/26/17||Updated Florida page, added new links, forms and sections|
|7/22/17||updated permit numbers to latest figures|
|6/29/17||Updated permit numbers to 14,917,279|
|6/17/17||updated interface, added new travel info and other sections.|
Concealed Carry History
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