Alabama Gun Laws

Alabama concealed carry laws are liberal and allow concealed carry permits to be issued at the county level.  Applications can be made at the local Sheriff's office in your county of residence. Applicants must be at least 18 years or older and meet other criteria although there is no requirement for a firearms training course. The application process in Alabama is fairly easy and the sheriff must either grant or deny your application for a permit within 30 days of your submission. Fees for new CCW permits and renewals vary across counties. Some counties will notify holders of permits that they are due for renewal, however there are also counties that will not contact you at all.

Alabama state seal

Alabama CCW Quick Facts

Carry In Vehicle SEE DETAILS
Must Notify Officer NO
Carry In State Parks Allowed SEE DETAILS
No Weapons Signs Enforced SEE DETAILS
Open Carry Permitted YES
Carry In Liquor Establishments YES
Constitutional Carry NO
LICENSE ISSUED TO
Residents
STATE POLICY
Shall Issue
See Details

Alabama Handgun Permit

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS

  • Must be at least 18 years of age.
  • Reside in the county where you file the application
  • Have no convictions of violence
  • Must be a US citizen or legal alien.
  • Must not be a drug addict or habitual drunkard.
  • Must be of sound mind and not have been involuntarily admitted to psychiatric or drug treatment facility.
  • Federal Law Requirements

Note
Under Alabama law a person with any of the following convictions are banned from possessing a weapon;
Murder, manslaughter, rape, mayhem, assault with intent to commit robbery or murder, robbery, burglary, kidnapping, any class A or B felony.

alabama handgun permit

APPLICATIONS

Follow these steps to obtain a permit;

  1. Obtain the application form from your local county Sheriff.
  2. Complete the form.
  3. Submit your application to the Sheriffs Office in the county you reside in.
  4. You will be notified by mail if your application has been approved.

Pistol Permit Application – Shelby County

RENEWALS

  • You must renew an Alabama Pistol Permit before it’s expiry date.
  • The renewal can be done by your local County Sheriff.
  • Some counties will advice you in advance that your permit needs to be renewed. However, do not rely on a renewal notice being sent as not all counties send out reminders.

Renewal fee’s vary between counties.

PERMIT FEE’S

You can select how long the permit is valid for, 1-5 years. Fees are set by the local Sheriff and are around $20 per year. They do vary between counties but are similar to the fees here for Shelby County;

Years Permit requiredOriginalRenewal
1$20$20
2$40$40
3$60$60
4$80$80
5$100$100

Alabama CCW Dashboard

Minimum age
0
age required

Cost of
$0
a ccw license

years license
0
is valid

year License
2000
data updated

Active CCW
0
licenses in alabama

population with
0%
a ccw license

states that honor
0
an alabama license

state licenses
0
alabama honors

gun laws


State Rating
Good

Alabama Reciprocity Map

alabama

Alabama CCW permit recognition
  • Permit honored
  • Permit not honored
  • Residential permits only
  • Issuing state

Alabama CCW Reciprocity

Alabama Reciprocity List

0
states
RESIDENT
Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, New Hampshire, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming

NON-RESIDENT
Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Georgia, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming

0
states
Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming

Districts & Territories
District of Columbia, Guam, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands

0
states

California, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Illinois, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, Oregon, Rhode Island, Washington

How Reciprocity Works In Alabama

Alabama honors all out of state concealed carry permits pursuant to section 13A-11-85 of the Alabama Code. Any person who has a concealed carry permit in another U.S. state can legally carry their firearm in Alabama. They will be subject to Alabama gun laws while in that state.

Alabama Reciprocity Agreements

Alabama currently has reciprocity agreements with the following states;
Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Florida,Georgia, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, New Hampshire, North Carolina, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, West Virginia, Wyoming
alabama state flag
Alabama state flag

Note

  • Wisconsin will only accept Alabama concealed carry permits if they were issued after the 14 January, 2013.
  • Alabama will not honor a concealed carry permit from New York City.
Reciprocity for licenses issued in other states.

(a) A person licensed to carry a handgun in any state shall be authorized to carry a handgun in this state. This section shall apply to a license holder from another state only while the license holder is not a resident of this state. A license holder from another state shall carry the handgun in compliance with the laws of this state.

(b) The Attorney General is authorized to enter into reciprocal agreements with other states for the mutual recognition of licenses to carry handguns and shall periodically publish a list of states which recognize licenses issued pursuant to Section 13A-11-75.

Alabama Concealed Carry Forms

Alabama Form Downloads

Pointers: Alabama Handgun Laws

Alabama: Places Off-Limits for CCW

Places Off Limits in Alabama

  • Premises of a public school composed of K12 grades
  • School bus used for K12 grades
  • Demonstrations at public places
  • University of Alabama
  • Building of a police, sheriff, or highway patrol station
  • Inside any facility hosting a professional athletic event not related to firearms which is sponsored by a private or public elementary or secondary school or any private or public institution of post secondary education.
  • Inside a facility which provides inpatient or custodial care of those with psychiatric, mental, or emotional disorders.
  • Inside a courthouse or courthouse annex
  • Prison, jail, halfway house, community corrections facility, or other detention facility for those who have been charged with or convicted of a criminal or juvenile offense.
  • Building in which a District Attorney’s office is located
  • Building in which a county commission or city council is currently having a meeting
  • Any place where the carrying of firearms is prohibited by Federal Law.

Places CCW is Allowed in Alabama

  • State parks
  • State and national forests
  • Road side rest areas
  • Vehicle
  • All areas of the state not listed as Off-Limits

Alabama Concealed Carry Laws

YES/NO – Without a permit

Without a permit, you can still legally carry in a vehicle but the handgun must be unloaded and locked in a compartment or container that is in or affixed securely to the vehicle and out of reach of the driver and any passenger in the vehicle.
You must have a Permit to carry a loaded handgun in any vehicle.

The Law
13A-11-73(b) – Alabama Code

YES – Without a permit

Open carry is legal in Alabama if a person is at least 18 years old and legally able to posses a firearm. You must have a permit/license to carry a loaded gun in a vehicle.

The Law
13A-11-75(g)
13A-11-7
13A-11-7(6)(c)

NO

There is nothing in Alabama gun laws that state you must inform a law enforcement officer you have a firearm when approached on official business. The law does require that you carry your permit when carrying a concealed firearm in a vehicle or on your person.

The Law
13A-11-73
– Alabama Code

NO
Alabama is not a Constitutional Carry state yet. The Senate has passed laws in favor of permitless carry but they still have a few hurdles to go through before becoming law.
YES
It is legal to carry in the following areas;

  • State Parks: YESAdmin Code 220.5.08 (only handguns)
  • State/National Forests: YES
  • State Wildlife Management Areas: YESAdmin Code 220.2 (only handguns)
  • Road Side Rest Areas:  YES

The Law
Admin Code 220-5-.08  
Admin Code 220-2  

YES

In Restaurants That Serve Alcohol
“Yes” or “No” states if you can carry in a restaurant that serves alcohol. Some restaurants may be posted with “NO GUN” signs. Check with the staff if this means just the bar area. If we have indicated a “Yes” then it should be legal to have a meal without drinking alcohol.

?

“No Weapons” signs are not mentioned in Alabama gun laws. We have not been able to find any further information so advise you to follow the recommendation below.

GunsToCarry recommends that you do not enter a property displaying a “No Weapons” sign whether the law is for or against signage. If asked to leave a property and you refuse to do so then you are breaking the law and put yourself at risk of being charged.

Alabama Gun Sales & Preemption

Private Gun Sales

There are no background checks required for private sales of a handgun or long gun in Alabama. However, it is illegal to sell any firearm to a person who is prohibited from possessing a firearm. This raises the question of how do you know the person is not a prohibited person without access to the various government databases. You really only have the purchasers word to go on. To protect yourself you could draft up a document and ask the purchaser to sign it verifying they are not a prohibited person.

Preemption in Alabama

There is full state preemption of all gun laws in Alabama. Local authorities are only allowed to pass ordnance's that regulate the discharge of firearms and also to levy taxes. The preemption statute states that is enacted to ensure the laws relating to firearms are applied uniformly throughout the state.

Alabama Gun Statutes

"That every citizen has a right to bear arms in defense of himself and the state."
(Article I §26)
alabama state capitol building
Alabama State Capitol Building

Alabama Laws Relating To Concealed Carry

Off-Limits Statutes

(a) In addition to any other place limited or prohibited by state or federal law, a person, including a person with a permit issued under Section 13A-11-75(a)(1) or recognized under Section 13A-11-85, Code of Alabama 1975, may not knowingly possess or carry a firearm in any of the following places without the express permission of a person or entity with authority over the premises:
(1) Inside the building of a police, sheriff, or highway patrol station.
(2) Inside or on the premises of a prison, jail, halfway house, community corrections facility, or other detention facility for those who have been charged with or convicted of a criminal or juvenile offense.
(3) Inside of a facility which provides inpatient or custodial care of those with psychiatric, mental, or
emotional disorders.
(4) Inside a courthouse, courthouse annex, a building in which a District Attorney’s office is located, or a building in which a county commission or city council is currently having a regularly scheduled or specially called meeting.
(5) Inside any facility hosting an athletic event not related to or involving firearms which is sponsored by a private or public elementary or secondary school or any private or public institution of post secondary education, unless the person has a permit issued under Section 13A-11-75(a)(1) or recognized under Section 13A-11-85.
(6) Inside any facility hosting a professional athletic event not related to or involving firearms, unless the person has a permit issued under Section 13A-11-75(a)(1) or recognized under Section 13A-11-85.
(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a), a person, including a person with a permit issued under Section 13A-11-75(a)(1) or recognized under Section 13A-11-85, may not, without the express permission of a person or entity with authority over the premises, knowingly possess or carry a firearm inside any building or facility to which access of unauthorized persons and prohibited articles is limited during normal hours of operation by the continuous posting of guards and the use of other security features, including, but not limited to, magnetometers, key cards, bio-metric screening devices, or turnstiles or other physical barriers. Nothing in this subsection otherwise restricts the possession, transportation, or storage of a lawfully possessed firearm or ammunition in an employee’s privately-owned motor vehicle while parked or operated in a public or private parking area provided the employee complies with the requirements of Section 13A-11-90.
(c) The person or entity with authority over the premises set forth in subsections (a)(1)-(6) and subsection (b) shall place a notice at the public entrances of such premises or buildings alerting those entering that firearms are prohibited.
(d) Except as provided in subsections (a)(5) and (a)(6), any firearm on the premises of any facility set forth in subsection (a)(1), or subsections (a)(4)-(6), or subsection (b) must be kept from ordinary observation and locked within a compartment or in the interior of the person’s motor vehicle or in a compartment or container securely affixed to the motor vehicle.
Premises of a public school. The term “public school” as used in this section applies only to a school composed of grades K-12 and shall include a school bus used for grades K-12
(c) Subject to the exceptions provided by Section 13A-11-74, no person shall knowingly with intent to do bodily harm carry or possess a deadly weapon on the premises of a public school.
(d) Possession of a deadly weapon with the intent to do bodily harm on the premises of a public school in violation of subsection (c) of this section is a Class C felony.
(e) School security personnel and school resource officers qualified under subsection (a) of Section 16-1- 44.1, employed by a local board of education, and authorized by the employing local board of education to carry a deadly weapon while on duty are exempt from subsection (c) of this section. Law enforcement officers are exempt from this section, and persons with pistol permits issued pursuant to Section 13A-11- 75, are exempt from subsection (c) of this section.
Possession of Firearms by Persons Participating in, Attending, Etc., Demonstrations at Public Places.
(a) For the purposes of this section, the following words and phrases shall have the meanings respectively ascribed to them in this subsection, except in those instances where the context clearly indicates a different meaning:
(1) Demonstration. Demonstrating, picketing, speech making or marching, holding of vigils and all other like forms of conduct which involve the communication or expression of views or grievances engaged in by one or more persons, the conduct of which has the effect, intent or propensity to draw a crowd or onlookers. Such term shall not include casual use of property by visitors or tourists which does not have an intent or propensity to attract a crowd or onlookers.
(2) Firearm. Any pistol, rifle, shotgun or firearm of any kind, whether loaded or not.
(3) Law Enforcement Officer. Any duly appointed and acting federal, state, county or municipal law enforcement officer, peace officer or investigating officer, or any military or militia personnel called out or directed by constituted authority to keep the law and order, and any park ranger while acting as such on the grounds of a public park and who is on regular duty and present to actively police and control the demonstration, and who is assigned this duty by his department or agency. Such term does not include a peace officer on strike or a peace officer not on duty.
(4) Public Place. Any place to which the general public has access and a right to resort for business, entertainment or other lawful purpose, but does not necessarily mean a place devoted solely to the uses of the public. Such term shall include the front or immediate area or parking lot of any store, shop, restaurant, tavern, shopping center or other place of business. Such term shall also include any public building, the grounds of any public building, or within the curtilage of any public building, or in any public parking lot, public street, right-of-way, sidewalk right-of-way, or within any public park or other public grounds.
(b) It shall be unlawful for any person, other than a law enforcement officer, to have in his or her possession or on his or her person or in any vehicle any firearm while participating in or attending any demonstration being held at a public place.
(c) It shall be unlawful for any person, other than a law enforcement officer as defined in subsection (a) of this section, to have in his or her possession or about his or her person or in any vehicle at a point within 1,000 feet of a demonstration at a public place, any firearm after having first been advised by a law enforcement officer that a demonstration was taking place at a public place and after having been ordered by such officer to remove himself or herself from the prescribed area until such time as he or she no longer was in possession of any firearm. This subsection shall not apply to any person in possession of or having on his or her person any firearm within a private dwelling or other private building or structure.

Other CCW Statutes

Permit to carry pistol in vehicle or concealed on person – Required; possession of unloaded pistol in motor vehicle.
(a) Except on land under his or her control or in his or her own abode or his or her own fixed place of business, no person shall carry a pistol in any vehicle or concealed on or about his or her person without a permit issued under Section 13A-11-75(a)(1) or recognized under Section 13A-11-85.
Except as otherwise prohibited by law. A person legally permitted to possess a pistol, but who does not possess a valid concealed weapon permit, may possess an unloaded pistol in his or her motor vehicle if the pistol is locked in a compartment or container that is in or affixed securely to the vehicle and out of reach of the driver and any passenger in the vehicle.
(6) (c) It shall be a rebuttable presumption that the mere carrying of a visible pistol, holstered or secured, in a public place, in and of itself, is not a violation of this section.

(a) A person commits the crime of disorderly conduct if, with intent to cause public inconvenience, annoyance or alarm, or recklessly creating a risk thereof, he or she does any of the following:
(c) It shall be a rebuttable presumption that the mere carrying of a visible pistol, holstered or secured, in a public place, in and of itself, is not a violation of this section.

(c) Except as otherwise provided in this act or as expressly authorized by a statute of this state, the Legislature hereby occupies and preempts the entire field of regulation in this state touching in any way upon firearms, ammunition, and firearm accessories to the complete exclusion of any order, ordinance, or rule promulgated or enforced by any political subdivision of this state.
(d) The authority of a political subdivision to regulate firearms, ammunition, or firearm accessories shall not be inferred from its proprietary authority, home rule status, or any other inherent or general power.
(e) Any existing orders, ordinances, or rules promulgated or enforced contrary to the terms of this section are null and void and any future order, ordinance, or rules shall comply with this section.
(f)(1) A person adversely affected by any order, ordinance, or rule promulgated in violation of this section may file a petition with the Attorney General requesting that he or she bring an action in circuit court for declarative and injunctive relief. The petition must be signed under oath and under penalty of perjury and must include specific details regarding the alleged violations.
License to Carry Pistol in Vehicle or Concealed on Person – Issuance; Term; Form; Fee; Revocation.
(a)(1)a. The sheriff of a county, upon the application of any person residing in that county, may within 30 days from receipt of a complete application and accompanying fee, shall issue or renew a license for such person to carry a pistol in a vehicle or concealed on or about his or her person within this state for one to five year increments, as requested by the person seeking the license, from date of issue, unless the sheriff determines, based upon reasonable suspicion, that there is a credible risk that the person will use a weapon unlawfully or in such other manner that would endanger the person’s self or others.

Alabama Concealed Carry FAQ's

The Alabama pistol permit is issued by the county sheriff in the county that you reside in.
Applicants can select either a one year or five year permit.
Sheriffs are required by law to process an application for a concealed carry permit within 30 days. There is an appeal process if your application is denied.
If an Alabama pistol permit is damaged, stolen or lost then you will need to contact your county sheriff to obtain a new permit.
Alabama does have a “Stand Your Ground” law, also called Castle Doctrine. This law can be used in places of business and is not limited to residential properties.
Yes, open carry is legal in Alabama. The minimum age to open carry is 18.
Alabama will honor ALL valid concealed carry permits from other states.
For any change of address or name you will need to contact the local county sheriff to change the information on your permit.

Alabama CCW Contact

Jefferson County Sheriff

Hours


Monday – Friday 8am – 4:30pm

Saturday Closed

Sunday Closed


Contact


Address 2200 Rev. Abraham Woods Jr Blvd.

CityBirmingham, AL 35203

Phone (205) 325-5728

Updates & Data Sources

DATEDETAILS
1/19/18Updated Tennessee page
1/14/18Update Washington, Colorado pages
1/7/18Updated South Carolina, DC pages
1/1/18Updated New York page
12/28/17Updated Arizona pge
12/25/17Updated Utah page to mobile friendly design, will roll out to other pages over next few months.
12/9/17Updated Texas page
12/6/17Updated California and Hawaii page, Hawaii page only partially completed.
12/1/17Ohio page finished
11/24/17Updated Washington DC to Shall Issue
11/8/17Update Illinois page
11/1/17Updated Florida and Alabama pages
10/12/17Updated Ohio page, added new sections to statistics page
10/5/17Added video section to Florida page
10/3/17Updated Nevada page
10/2/17Updated Georgia page
9/30/17Updated Texas page
9/30/17Entered new figures for latest 2017 NICS checks on Statistics page
9/29/17Updated Pennsylvania page
9/26/17Updated Florida page, added new links, forms and sections
7/22/17updated permit numbers to latest figures
6/29/17Updated permit numbers to 14,917,279
6/17/17updated interface, added new travel info and other sections.
  • Crime Prevention research Center
  • Estimate of active concealed carry permits was made with data from the following counties;
    • Baldwin County
    • Cullman County
    • Madison County
    • Montgomery County
    • Jackson County
    • Jefferson County
    • Shelby County

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