ILLINOIS GUN LAWS
Full Guide To CCW Laws
Illinois gun laws require residents to have a valid Firearm Owners Identification (FOID) card to possess a firearm or ammunition. There is a waiting period of 72 hours after buying a handgun to take possession of it. Concealed carry licenses are issued by the state police to applicants who have passed a 16 hour training course and are at least 21 years old. Non-resident permits are available for residents of four states, AR, MS, TX, VA and Non-residents are also exempt from having a FOID card if they possess a valid CCW permit from their home state.
Illinois CCW Quick Facts
Illinois CCW Dashboard
Illinois Reciprocity Map
Illinois CCW license recognition
How Reciprocity Works In Illinois
Illinois will not honor any other states concealed carry permits. They will however issue non-resident concealed carry licenses to residents of four states;
These states have been assessed as having substantially similar firearms laws to Illinois laws. This list is being continually updated as more states are identified as having similar CCW laws to Illinois.
Illinois Reciprocity List
Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Wisconsin
Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Wisconsin
Pointers: Illinois Handgun Laws
Illinois Handgun License
Illinois Gun Policy
Permit Issued To
CCW License Overview
Concealed carry licenses are issued by the Illinois State Police on a “Shall Issue” policy. However, Illinois differs from other states in that they still give law enforcement the right to object to a CCW license being issued if they think the applicant is a danger to public safety or themselves. If the police do object then the case is heard by the Concealed Carry Licensing Review Board who will make the final decision if a license is issued. The applicant is notified by mail of the boards decision.
Another way Illinois differs from other states is that applicants will require a FOID card before they make the application. The FOID card is needed in Illinois to purchase and possess firearms.
Illinois currently only grants non-resident CCW licenses to residents of states that have substantially similar concealed carry laws to those in Illinois. There are only four states on this list, Arkansas, Mississippi, Texas and Virginia. Residents from other states are however allowed to travel through Illinois if they have a valid CCW license from their home state.
Handgun TrainingA 16 hour firearms training course by a state approved instructor is required for all new CCCW license applications. The course consists of;
- Firearms Safety
- Principles of marksmanship
- Cleaning and loading of firearm
- State and federal laws on firearms
- Handling a firearm – Range training with minimum of 30 rounds. You will need to fire 10 rounds from 5 yards, then 7 yards and then 10 yards.
A full list of instructors can be obtained from the state website.
Members of the military and persons who have completed a firearms training course in other states that has been approved by Illinois can obtain a credit of 8 hours of the required 16 hour course.
- Illinois CCW Handgun License Requirements
- Illinois CCW Handgun License Application
- Illinois CCW Handgun License Renewal
- Illinois CCW Handgun License Fee's
- At least 21 years old
- You have a valid Firearm Owner’s Identification card (FOID)
- You have not been convicted or found guilty of a misdemeanor involving the threat of physical force or violence to any person within the past 5 years
- You do not have 2 or more violations related to driving while under the influence of alcohol, other drugs, intoxicating compounds within the past 5 years
- You are not subject to a pending arrest warrant, prosecution or proceeding for an offense or action that could lead to disqualification to own or possess a firearm
- You have not been in a residential or court-ordered treatment for alcoholism, alcohol detoxification, or drug treatment within the past 5 years
- Federal law requirements
We have a separate page giving step by step directions on how to obtain a FOID card, appealing decisions, fees, renewals and more.
Illinois Concealed Handgun Forms
Download Your Forms
Illinois: Places Off-Limits for CCW
Places Off-Limits In Illinois
- Public or private elementary or secondary school.
- Pre-school or child care facility
- Any building, parking area, or portion of a building under the control of an officer of the executive or legislative branch of government
- Circuit court, appellate court, or the Supreme Court
- Any building or portion of a building under the control of a unit of local government
- Adult or juvenile detention or correctional institution, prison, or jail
- Public or private hospital or hospital affiliate, mental health facility, or nursing home
- Public bus, train, or form of transportation paid for with public funds
- Establishment that serves alcohol on its premises, if more than 50% of the establishment’s gross receipts within the prior 3 months is from the sale of alcohol
- Any public gathering or special event conducted on property open to the public
- Any building or real property that has been issued a Special Event Retailer’s license
- Public playground
- Public park, athletic area, or athletic facility
- Property under the control of the Cook County Forest Preserve District
- Any building, classroom, laboratory, medical clinic, hospital, artistic venue, athletic venue, entertainment venue, officially recognized university-related organization property, including parking areas, sidewalks, and common areas under the control of a public or private community college, or university
- Gaming facility licensed under the Riverboat Gambling Act or the Illinois Horse Racing Act of 1975, including an inter-track wagering location
- Any stadium, arena, or the real property or parking area under the control of a stadium, arena, or any collegiate or professional sporting event
- Public library
- Amusement park
- Zoo or museum
- Any street, driveway, parking area, property, building, or facility, owned, leased, controlled, or used by a nuclear energy, storage, weapons, or development site or facility regulated by the federal Nuclear Regulatory Commission
- Any place where the carrying of firearms is prohibited by Federal Law.
Places Allowed In Illinois
- State parks – see details
- State and national forests
- Vehicle – see details
- All areas of the state not listed as Off-Limits
History Of Illinois Gun Laws
Learn The History of Illinois Gun Laws
Illinois passed a law banning concealed carry of firearms in 1949 and revised the law in 1962. This law banned the practice of concealed carry and open carry. Some counties were permitted to pass local laws to allow open carry but concealed carry was still banned in these counties.
A further law was passed in 1968 requiring residents to have a FOID card to purchase or possess firearms or ammunition.
Courts Force a Change
This all changed in 2012 when a Federal Court of Appeal ruled in Moore v. Madigan that the Illinois ban on concealed carry was unconstitutional. The Federal court imposed a deadline of 180 days for the Illinois government to pass new laws reversing the 60 year ban on concealed carry. An extension of 30 days was later granted. This was then backed up by another case, People v. Aguilar on September 12, 2013 when the Illinois Supreme Court ruled that the state’s law “Aggravated Use Of A Weapon” banning concealed carry was unconstitutional.
On Juy 9, 2013, Illinois passed a new law that established how concealed carry permits would be issued in the state. Then on February 28, 2014 the Illinois State Police began to issue concealed carry permits. Illinois was the last state in the United States to legally allow the concealed carry of firearms.
Illinois Gun Sales & Preemption
Illinois has a waiting period after purchasing a firearm before the purchaser can take possession of the weapon. The waiting period is 72 hours for a handgun and 24 hours for a shotgun or rifle. The purchaser must also have a FOID card issued by the State Police to purchase any firearm or ammunition.
Sales made by a Federal Firearms License holder require the seller to verify the FOID card via an automated dial up system (Firearm Transfer Inquiry Program) run by the state police. The same checks will also need to be done for any sales at a gun show.
Private Gun Sales
There is state preemption for all gun laws in Illinois. All prior restrictions made by local authorities relating to handguns are now rescinded. Local authorities cannot pass any new laws for handguns or long guns. However, laws relating to long guns that were in effect before the new gun laws came into effect in 2013 are still legally enforced.
430 ILCS 66 Section 90
Illinois Concealed Carry Laws
Illinois Gun Laws To Know
NO – Must Inform Officer
There is nothing in Illinois gun laws that state you must inform a law enforcement officer you have a firearm when approached on official business. You are legally required to carry the permit/license at all times during which the permittee is in actual possession of a concealed handgun. If an officer requests to see the license then you must hand it over.
430 ILCS 66/10
Illinois gun laws give the force of law to “No Weapons” signs. There are legal penalties for entering a private property or business that has posted these signs.
GunsToCarry recommends that you do not enter a property displaying a “No Weapons” sign whether the law is for or against signage. If asked to leave a property and you refuse to do so then you are breaking the law and put yourself at risk of being charged.
430 ILCS 66/70
430 ILCS 66 Section 65(d)
1231.150 Administrative Rules
It is illegal to carry a loaded handgun in a vehicle without a permit/license. The statute does not apply however to the transportation of firearms that are:
1) broken down in a non-functioning state;
2) not immediately accessible; or
3) unloaded and enclosed in a case, firearm carrying box, shipping box, or other container by a person with a currently valid Firearm Owner’s Identification card.
A person who is issued a valid concealed carry license is permitted to keep or carry a loaded or unloaded concealed handgun on or about his or her person within a vehicle.
There is another separate law for Non-Residents
A non-resident may transport a loaded concealed handgun in a vehicle if they have a valid CCW permit in their home state. They cannot under any circumstances remove the firearm from the vehicle. If they need to exit the vehicle they must lock it or place the firearm in a locked container.
430 ILCS 66/40
NO – with or Without a permitOpen carrying a handgun on your person or in a vehicle with or without a license in Illinois is illegal. Even if you have a concealed permit you still cannot legally open carry. The handgun must be concealed from view of the public.
In Restaurants That Serve Alcohol
Yes, unless the bar is posted. If a bar gets more than 50% of their income from selling alcohol then you cannot carry a firearm there.
(Art. I, 22)
Illinois Off-Limit Statutes
Other Illinois CCW Statutes
Illinois CCW FAQ's
Illinois CCW Contact
Illinois State Police
Monday – Friday 8am – 5pm
Address 801 South 7th Street
Phone (217) 782-7980