MICHIGAN GUN LAWS

Facts and Info for 2018


Want to know more about Michigan gun laws?

Then you are in the right place. If you are looking for some up to date information we have it here.
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michigan state seal

Michigan gun laws operate on a “Shall Issue” policy at the local level. To purchase handguns privately a purchase permit, background checks and firearm registration is required. Only residents are allowed to purchase handguns with non-residents being allowed to purchase long guns. Concealed carry permits require a firearms training course that has been state approved. There are exemptions for non-residents who are in the military, have a Michigan driver's license or are registered to vote in Michigan.

Michigan CCW Quick Facts

Carry In Vehicle SEE DETAILS
Must Notify Officer YES
Carry In State Parks Allowed YES
No Weapons Signs Enforced NO
Open Carry Permitted SEE DETAILS
Carry In Restaurant YES
Constitutional Carry NO
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Michigan CCW Reciprocity

MICHIGAN 2018

  • Permit Honored
  • Permit not honored
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How Reciprocity Works in Michigan

All CCW permits from other states are honored by Michigan with the exception of Non-resident permits. Michigan will only honor permits issued to residents of the state the permit was issued in. And the person cannot remain in Michigan for longer than 180 days.

Michigan Reciprocity State's

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STATES
Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming

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Residential Permits Only
Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming

Districts & Territories
District of Columbia, New York City, Puerto Rico,

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California, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Illinois, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, Oregon, Rhode Island.
Michigan will not honor non-resident permits from any state.
28.422 - Non-residents

Michigan Handgun License

Michigan Gun Policy

Shall Issue

Permit Issued To

Residents
CPL License Overview

A concealed carry license is issued to persons who meet certain requirements. Some of these requirements are that the person has not had any felonies or certain misdemeanors within the last 3 or 8 years with the time being related to the type of charge. An approved course in firearms training is also required to be taken. Applicants will also need to have been a resident of Michigan for at least 6 months before making the application.

The Law
28.425 – CPL licenses

Non-Resident Licenses

Michigan does not issue Non-Resident concealed carry licenses and they will not honor any non-resident licences from other states. There is one exception and that is if you move from another state to Michigan as a permanent resident. If you had a CCW license in another state then Michigan will accept that and waive the six month residency requirement.

The Law
28.425b – Non-resident licenses

Handgun Training

All applicants for a Michigan concealed carry permit are required to take a firearms safety course that has been approved by the state.

REQUIREMENTS

  • Must be at least 21 years old.
  • You have completed an approved firearms training class.
  • You have a valid state-issued driver’s license or personal identification card.
  • Be a legal resident of Michigan and reside in Michigan for at least six months immediately prior to application.
  • You have not been convicted of a violent crime that is a felony.
  • Be a citizen of the United States or an alien lawfully admitted into the United States
  • Not be subject to an order or disposition for any of the following;
    • Involuntary hospitalization or involuntary alternative treatment.
    • Legal incapacitation
    • Personal protection order
    • Bond or conditional release prohibiting purchase or possession of a firearm
    • Finding of not guilty by reason of insanity
  • Not be prohibited from possessing, using, transporting, selling, purchasing, carrying, shipping, receiving, or distributing a firearm under Michigan law.
  • Not be under a court order of legal incapacity in this state or elsewhere.
  • Have not been found guilty but mentally ill of any crime, and has not offered a plea of not guilty of, or been acquitted of, any crime by reason of insanity.
  • Have not been convicted of a misdemeanor violation of any of the following in the three years immediately preceding the date of application and a charge for a misdemeanor violation of any of the following is not pending against the applicant in this state or elsewhere at the time he or she applies for a license: (Long….list on their website)
  • Have not been convicted of a misdemeanor violation of any of the following in the eight years immediately preceding the date of the application and a charge for a misdemeanor violation of any of the following is not pending against the applicant in this state or elsewhere at the time he or she applies for a CPL: (another long….list on their website)
  • Is not currently and has never been subject to an order of involuntary commitment in an inpatient or outpatient setting due to mental illness.
  • Not have a diagnosed mental illness at the time the application is made that includes an assessment that the individual presents a danger to himself or herself or to another, regardless of whether he or she is receiving treatment for that illness.
  • Have never been convicted of a felony in Michigan or elsewhere, and a felony charge against the applicant is not pending in Michigan or elsewhere at the time he or she applies for a CPL.
  • Federal Law – Prohibits the following persons
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Michigan: Places Off-Limits for CCW

michigan state flag
Michigan state flag

Places Off-Limits in Michigan

  • Schools or school property but may carry while in a vehicle on school property while dropping off or picking up if a parent or legal guardian
  • Public or private day care center, public or private child caring agency, or public or private child placing agency
  • Courtroom, office, or other space used for official court business
  • Sports arena or stadium
  • A tavern where the primary source of income is the sale of alcoholic liquor by the glass consumed on the premises
  • Any property or facility owned or operated by a church, synagogue, mosque, temple, or other place of worship
  • An entertainment facility that the individual knows or should know has a seating capacity of 2,500 or more
  • A hospital
  • A dormitory or classroom of a community college, college, or university
  • A Casino
  • Michigan State University, University of Michigan, Wayne State University
  • Any place where the carrying of firearms is prohibited by Federal Law.

Places Allowed in Michigan

  • State parks
  • State and national forests
  • Road side rest areas
  • Vehicle
  • All areas of the state not listed as Off-Limits

Pointers: Michigan Gun Laws

Bill to eliminate CPL license
Carrying a handgun in Michigan

Michigan Concealed Carry Laws

michigan state capitol building
Michigan state capitol building

Michigan Gun Laws To Know

YES/NO – Without a permit
If you do not have a CPL license then you cannot carry a loadedfirearm in any vehicle. Unless the firearm is unloaded and is one or more of the following;

  • Taken down.
  • Enclosed in a case.
  • Carried in the trunk of the vehicle.
  • Inaccessible from the interior of the vehicle.

If you have a CPL license from Michigan then you can carry a loaded and concealed firearm in a vehicle.

The Law
750.227d – Transporting firearm

YES – Must Inform Officer
If you are licensed to carry a concealed handgun and are stopped by the police then Michigan gun laws require you to immediately disclose that you are carrying a concealed weapon on you or in the vehicle. You must carry your permit/license at all times that you are carrying a concealed pistol, as well as your Driver’s License or state-issued ID card.

The Law
28.425f (3)

YES

It is legal to carry in the following areas;

  • State Parks:       YES324.504(6)
  • State/National Forests:     YES324.504(6)
  • State Wildlife Management Areas:     YES324.504(6)
  • Road Side Rest Areas:     YES
NO

“No Weapons” signs are not mentioned in Michigan gun laws. There are no legal penalties for entering a private property or business that has posted these signs. They have no force of law unless they are posted in areas that are mentioned by the law as being off limits.

GunsToCarry recommends that you do not enter a property displaying a “No Weapons” sign whether the law is for or against signage. If asked to leave a property and you refuse to do so then you are breaking the law and put yourself at risk of being charged.

YES – Without a permit
Carrying a handgun without a CPL license in Michigan is legal with a few restrictions.

Without a CPL License

  • You cannot open carry at a business or grocery store that sell’s alcohol.
  • Residents of Michigan can open carry a handgun without a CPL license if the gun is registered to their name.
  • Some areas listed as off limits may not apply to persons who open carry.
  • Non-residents who do not have a CCW license from their home state are not allowed to conceal or open carry.
  • You cannot carry a loaded firearm in a vehicle without a CPL license.
  • A person must be at least 18 years old to open carry.
YES
In Restaurants That Serve Alcohol

“Yes” or “No” states if you can carry in a restaurant that serves alcohol. Some restaurants may be posted with “NO GUN” signs. Check with the staff if this means just the bar area. If we have indicated a “Yes” then it should be legal to have a meal without drinking alcohol.

The Law
28.425o

NO
Michigan does not have constitutional carry.
“Every person has the right to keep and bear arms for the defense of himself and the state”
(Art. I, § 6)
no weapons sign in michigan

Michigan Off-Limit Statutes

Other Michigan CCW Statutes

For information on other states handgun laws please go back to the state laws page and select the state you are interested in.

Other Michigan Gun Laws

Private Sales
To purchase a handgun in Michigan you will need either a purchase license or a concealed carry license and all require a background check. To purchase from a private seller a person must be at least 18 years old with long guns do not requireing a purchase license or background check. Only residents of Michigan are allowed to purchase handguns but non-residents are permitted to purchase long guns (anything over 26 inches long). If you have a valid CPL license then you will not require a purchase license however, you will still need to complete a handgun sales record.

Licensed Dealer
To purchase a handgun from a licensed dealer a person must be at least 21 years old or 18 for long guns.

Purchase licenses
Purchase licenses are issued by the local police or sheriff. The license is valid for 30 days and the purchaser and seller must both sign the license. Copies of the license are required to be returned to the Police within 10 days.

Michigan CCW FAQ's

frequently asked questions on michigan gun laws

Michigan CCW Contact

Michigan State Police Headquarters

Hours


Monday – Friday 9am – 5pm

Saturday Closed

Sunday Closed


Contact


Address 7150 Harris Drive

CityDimondale, Michigan 48821

Phone (517) 284-3700

Updates & Data Sources

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wayneRalphD.K.S.Tom WilliamsWayne Recent comment authors
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Richard
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Richard

My son, a CPL holder in Kentucky, wants to give me one of his registered hand guns (registered in Kentucky). I am a CPL holder in Michigan. What documentation is required for him to legally transfer gun ownership to me?

J.D. VLAZ
Guest
J.D. VLAZ

Not sure but completing a MI purchase form you used if buying a handgun in MI… returning the state copy to the MI State Police Office.

labrat4jafmc
Guest
labrat4jafmc

The safest option is to do a FFL to FFL transfer. That would include all the paperwork and such, you just need to register it after that.

D.K.S.
Guest
D.K.S.

Michigan does not transfer CPL’s

Carson
Guest
Carson

Active Duty military here, living in AZ as non-resident but maintaining residence in Michigan. Should I get CCW in Michigan or Arizona. Looking best option for my self.

Chris Gilbert
Guest
Chris Gilbert

If I finish an 80 percent lower hand gun, does it need to be registered

D.K.S.
Guest
D.K.S.

No. As an 80% it is a “Personal Manufactured Weapon”.
*** On that same note. Since it is a weapon without any serial number you can “NEVER” sell, transfer, gift or even loan it to anyone ever! To do so is a Federal Crime….

Rosamond Gleason
Guest
Rosamond Gleason

My husband and I took NRA home course passed and received our certificate of course completion in 2014. Went to Oakland County to get our license and we were told our certificate did not have a CPL Compliance Code on it. We have made numerous phone calls to NRA . No one is really sure of what this requirement is. Can anyone explain what they are looking for? Even tried online and nothing is metioned about this. Would appreciate any help.

Tazman
Guest
Tazman

Has to have complies with section 5j of PA 381 of 200…
Line on the certificate.

Joe B
Guest
Joe B

I have an ak47 pistol that I purchased through a gun dealer in Arizona and would like to give it to a friend in Michigan. What steps do I need to take to legally give it to my friend who is a Michigan resident? I am planning a cross country drive and want to give the gun and 1000 rounds to him. Can I legally transport these in the trunk of my car?

Bryant
Guest
Bryant

I have a Michigan CPL, i moved to Tennessee for 2 months, i have a Tennessee driver’s license, and im now back in Michigan, is my CPL valid or do i have to get a new one

D.K.S.
Guest
D.K.S.

As long as you get your Michigan license when you return. Your Michigan CPL will be invalid with a Tenn license…

Tom Williams
Guest
Tom Williams

I’ve had my Michigan CPL suspended for 3-years for an OWI. Am I able to still open carry?

Tim
Guest
Tim

I have never read in the CPL laws any restrictions on size of caliber in the state of Michigan and never was this topic brought up by an attorney in the legal portion of any of the CPL class instruction.

Steven
Guest
Steven

Hello. I notice that carry in a restaurant is legal, but carrying in a tavern for which the primary source of income is selling alcohol is not. How would one determine which of the two applies to bar/restaurants, which serve both food and alcohol? Would it be necessary to inquire with each restaurant/bar beforehand?

Ralph
Guest
Ralph

I move here from NC, I am active duty military and will be stationed here for roughly 3yrs. I have a Conceal and carry permit from NC do I need to obtain one from the state of MI in order to carry my weapon. My home of record is NY.

wayne
Guest
wayne

should be OK, “There is one exception and that is if you move from another state to Michigan as a permanent resident. If you had a CCW license in another state then Michigan will accept that and waive the six month residency requirement.”

The Law
28.425b – Non-resident licenses