MICHIGAN GUN LAWS

All The Facts and Info


Want to know more about Michigan gun laws?

Then you are in the right place. If you are looking for some up to date information we have it here.
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michigan state seal

Michigan gun laws operate on a “Shall Issue” policy at the local level. To purchase handguns privately a purchase permit, background checks and firearm registration is required. Only residents are allowed to purchase handguns with non-residents being allowed to purchase long guns. Concealed carry permits require a firearms training course that has been state approved. There are exemptions for non-residents who are in the military, have a Michigan driver's license or are registered to vote in Michigan.

Michigan CCW Quick Facts

Carry In Vehicle SEE DETAILS
Must Notify Officer YES
Carry In State Parks Allowed YES
No Weapons Signs Enforced NO
Open Carry Permitted SEE DETAILS
Carry In Restaurant YES
Constitutional Carry NO
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Michigan CCW Reciprocity

MICHIGAN 2018

  • Permit Honored
  • Permit not honored
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How Reciprocity Works in Michigan

All CCW permits from other states are honored by Michigan with the exception of Non-resident permits. Michigan will only honor permits issued to residents of the state the permit was issued in. And the person cannot remain in Michigan for longer than 180 days.

Michigan Reciprocity State's

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STATES
Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming

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Residential Permits Only
Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming

Districts & Territories
District of Columbia, New York City, Puerto Rico,

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California, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Illinois, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, Oregon, Rhode Island.
Michigan will not honor non-resident permits from any state.
28.422 - Non-residents

Michigan Handgun License

Michigan Gun Policy

Shall Issue

Permit Issued To

Residents
CPL License Overview

A concealed carry license is issued to persons who meet certain requirements. Some of these requirements are that the person has not had any felonies or certain misdemeanors within the last 3 or 8 years with the time being related to the type of charge. An approved course in firearms training is also required to be taken. Applicants will also need to have been a resident of Michigan for at least 6 months before making the application.

The Law
28.425 – CPL licenses

Non-Resident Licenses

Michigan does not issue Non-Resident concealed carry licenses and they will not honor any non-resident licences from other states. There is one exception and that is if you move from another state to Michigan as a permanent resident. If you had a CCW license in another state then Michigan will accept that and waive the six month residency requirement.

The Law
28.425b – Non-resident licenses

Handgun Training

All applicants for a Michigan concealed carry permit are required to take a firearms safety course that has been approved by the state.

REQUIREMENTS

  • Must be at least 21 years old.
  • You have completed an approved firearms training class.
  • You have a valid state-issued driver’s license or personal identification card.
  • Be a legal resident of Michigan and reside in Michigan for at least six months immediately prior to application.
  • You have not been convicted of a violent crime that is a felony.
  • Be a citizen of the United States or an alien lawfully admitted into the United States
  • Not be subject to an order or disposition for any of the following;
    • Involuntary hospitalization or involuntary alternative treatment.
    • Legal incapacitation
    • Personal protection order
    • Bond or conditional release prohibiting purchase or possession of a firearm
    • Finding of not guilty by reason of insanity
  • Not be prohibited from possessing, using, transporting, selling, purchasing, carrying, shipping, receiving, or distributing a firearm under Michigan law.
  • Not be under a court order of legal incapacity in this state or elsewhere.
  • Have not been found guilty but mentally ill of any crime, and has not offered a plea of not guilty of, or been acquitted of, any crime by reason of insanity.
  • Have not been convicted of a misdemeanor violation of any of the following in the three years immediately preceding the date of application and a charge for a misdemeanor violation of any of the following is not pending against the applicant in this state or elsewhere at the time he or she applies for a license: (Long….list on their website)
  • Have not been convicted of a misdemeanor violation of any of the following in the eight years immediately preceding the date of the application and a charge for a misdemeanor violation of any of the following is not pending against the applicant in this state or elsewhere at the time he or she applies for a CPL: (another long….list on their website)
  • Is not currently and has never been subject to an order of involuntary commitment in an inpatient or outpatient setting due to mental illness.
  • Not have a diagnosed mental illness at the time the application is made that includes an assessment that the individual presents a danger to himself or herself or to another, regardless of whether he or she is receiving treatment for that illness.
  • Have never been convicted of a felony in Michigan or elsewhere, and a felony charge against the applicant is not pending in Michigan or elsewhere at the time he or she applies for a CPL.
  • Federal Law – Prohibits the following persons
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Michigan: Places Off-Limits for CCW

michigan state flag
Michigan state flag

Places Off-Limits in Michigan

  • Schools or school property but may carry while in a vehicle on school property while dropping off or picking up if a parent or legal guardian
  • Public or private day care center, public or private child caring agency, or public or private child placing agency
  • Courtroom, office, or other space used for official court business
  • Sports arena or stadium
  • A tavern where the primary source of income is the sale of alcoholic liquor by the glass consumed on the premises
  • Any property or facility owned or operated by a church, synagogue, mosque, temple, or other place of worship
  • An entertainment facility that the individual knows or should know has a seating capacity of 2,500 or more
  • A hospital
  • A dormitory or classroom of a community college, college, or university
  • A Casino
  • Michigan State University, University of Michigan, Wayne State University
  • Any place where the carrying of firearms is prohibited by Federal Law.

Places Allowed in Michigan

  • State parks
  • State and national forests
  • Road side rest areas
  • Vehicle
  • All areas of the state not listed as Off-Limits

Pointers: Michigan Gun Laws

Bill to eliminate CPL license
Carrying a handgun in Michigan

Michigan Concealed Carry Laws

michigan state capitol building
Michigan state capitol building

Michigan Gun Laws To Know

YES/NO – Without a permit
If you do not have a CPL license then you cannot carry a loadedfirearm in any vehicle. Unless the firearm is unloaded and is one or more of the following;

  • Taken down.
  • Enclosed in a case.
  • Carried in the trunk of the vehicle.
  • Inaccessible from the interior of the vehicle.

If you have a CPL license from Michigan then you can carry a loaded and concealed firearm in a vehicle.

The Law
750.227d – Transporting firearm

YES – Must Inform Officer
If you are licensed to carry a concealed handgun and are stopped by the police then Michigan gun laws require you to immediately disclose that you are carrying a concealed weapon on you or in the vehicle. You must carry your permit/license at all times that you are carrying a concealed pistol, as well as your Driver’s License or state-issued ID card.

The Law
28.425f (3)

YES

It is legal to carry in the following areas;

  • State Parks:       YES324.504(6)
  • State/National Forests:     YES324.504(6)
  • State Wildlife Management Areas:     YES324.504(6)
  • Road Side Rest Areas:     YES
NO

“No Weapons” signs are not mentioned in Michigan gun laws. There are no legal penalties for entering a private property or business that has posted these signs. They have no force of law unless they are posted in areas that are mentioned by the law as being off limits.

GunsToCarry recommends that you do not enter a property displaying a “No Weapons” sign whether the law is for or against signage. If asked to leave a property and you refuse to do so then you are breaking the law and put yourself at risk of being charged.

YES – Without a permit
Carrying a handgun without a CPL license in Michigan is legal with a few restrictions.

Without a CPL License

  • You cannot open carry at a business or grocery store that sell’s alcohol.
  • Residents of Michigan can open carry a handgun without a CPL license if the gun is registered to their name.
  • Some areas listed as off limits may not apply to persons who open carry.
  • Non-residents who do not have a CCW license from their home state are not allowed to conceal or open carry.
  • You cannot carry a loaded firearm in a vehicle without a CPL license.
  • A person must be at least 18 years old to open carry.
YES
In Restaurants That Serve Alcohol

“Yes” or “No” states if you can carry in a restaurant that serves alcohol. Some restaurants may be posted with “NO GUN” signs. Check with the staff if this means just the bar area. If we have indicated a “Yes” then it should be legal to have a meal without drinking alcohol.

The Law
28.425o

NO
Michigan does not have constitutional carry.
“Every person has the right to keep and bear arms for the defense of himself and the state”
(Art. I, § 6)
no weapons sign in michigan

Michigan Off-Limit Statutes

Other Michigan CCW Statutes

For information on other states handgun laws please go back to the state laws page and select the state you are interested in.

Other Michigan Gun Laws

Private Sales
To purchase a handgun in Michigan you will need either a purchase license or a concealed carry license and all require a background check. To purchase from a private seller a person must be at least 18 years old with long guns do not requireing a purchase license or background check. Only residents of Michigan are allowed to purchase handguns but non-residents are permitted to purchase long guns (anything over 26 inches long). If you have a valid CPL license then you will not require a purchase license however, you will still need to complete a handgun sales record.

Licensed Dealer
To purchase a handgun from a licensed dealer a person must be at least 21 years old or 18 for long guns.

Purchase licenses
Purchase licenses are issued by the local police or sheriff. The license is valid for 30 days and the purchaser and seller must both sign the license. Copies of the license are required to be returned to the Police within 10 days.

Michigan CCW FAQ's

frequently asked questions on michigan gun laws

Michigan CCW Contact

Michigan State Police Headquarters

Hours


Monday – Friday 9am – 5pm

Saturday Closed

Sunday Closed


Contact


Address 7150 Harris Drive

CityDimondale, Michigan 48821

Phone (517) 284-3700

 

Updates & Data Sources

Disclaimer

The information contained on this page is not legal advice but is merely a starting point for your own research. It is up to you to decide what the best course of action is for your circumstances. We are not lawyers, if you'd like individualized legal advice, we'd be happy to refer you to some law practices with known firearm specializations. It is crucial that you understand the law before you carry a firearm. Also, remember that just because a statute may clearly say one thing or another, that doesn't mean all members of law enforcement know it. That also goes for lawyers and even judges too.

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john2A AdvocateConnieChris RinglerMark Recent comment authors
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2A Advocate
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2A Advocate

Hi! As a lifelong resident of Michigan, CPL holder for 18 years, and very active member of Michigan gun rights groups, I need to correct several errors on this Michigan page. 1. First, under your “(Concealed Carry) Places off limits in Michigan” section you state: “Any property or facility owned or operated by a church, synagogue, mosque, temple, or other place of worship.” Please refer to MCL 28.425.0, which states that you CAN, in fact, conceal carry with permission: “Any property or facility owned or operated by a church, synagogue, mosque, temple, or other place of worship, unless the presiding… Read more »

2A Advocate
Guest
2A Advocate

Actually, just reread what you wrote about disclosure and I misread it. It was just written kind of wonky. You do indicate that you must disclose if you are carrying. 🙂

Chris Ringler
Guest
Chris Ringler

I have a concealed carry permit from Florida and will be in Michigan for a couple months. 1.) can I open carry here or only concealed like Florida ? 2) can I travel with my weapon loaded in my car ? Thanks

Mark
Guest
Mark

It says 45 days to get the license, how long will it really take? Is there a web site to check on the status of the application?

Jsm
Guest
Jsm

Can I carry concealed on my property with out a CCW in MI

john
Guest
john

A person shall not carry a pistol concealed on or about his or her person, or, whether concealed or otherwise, in a vehicle operated or occupied by the person, except in his or her dwelling house, place of business, or on other land possessed by the person, without a license to carry the pistol as provided by law and if licensed, shall not carry the pistol in a place or manner inconsistent with any restrictions upon such license.”

Michael Scalf
Guest
Michael Scalf

I have a WI CCW, my father-in-law wants to gift me his revolver. What is the process to make this a legal transfer. His permit has expired. He is to old and frail to handle a .357 magnum

Mb..
Guest
Mb..

I have two felonies that are over 15 years old. Please advise regarding cpl state/federal and expungment.

Dale B White
Guest
Dale B White

can a michigan school bus driver with conceal & carrie lisence pickiing up or dropping childern off in front of school property?

Southern Bill
Guest
Southern Bill

Is there any law requiring new residents to “register” their firearms, long guns and handguns, that were legally purchased in their home state?
Does it matter if the new resident was previously a licensed firearms dealer?

M L Terry Sr
Guest
M L Terry Sr

Are out of state police officers allowed to carry a gun in Michigan?

Joshua Holden
Guest
Joshua Holden

There are LEO (active and retired) exceptions to almost every rule, and to my knowledge, none of them specify the state, so I’d say yes, but obviously you’ll still want to check.
You can even just call the state police for a quick yes or no.

Michael Scalf
Guest
Michael Scalf

There is a federal statute giving active and retired to carry to any state, although I am not clear about NY, NJ, CA. Sorry I don’t have the statute off hand. I am retired LE, correction Sgt and have never had any problem. As long as you have your states permit and LE ID

bob
Guest
bob

is it required to have a holster to open carry in michigan? i know what a holster is for im just curious for my own knowledge

Derek
Guest
Derek

How else would you carry it…?

Connie
Guest
Connie

I have a neighbor that is like 6 feet 8 inches tall. He carries a gun in his pocket.
I appendix carry, he said he was too fat to do that 😂 he’s not really fat at all, just very tall.

Joshua Holden
Guest
Joshua Holden

No, but you can’t just stick it in your waistband, as that is partially concealing it.
Unless you’re taping it to yourself or putting it on a sling, I can’t think of how else you’re going to carry it.
Just get a cheap holster.

Greg
Guest
Greg

Hello, I am a former Michigan resident, I now live in NC, I have a CCW permit from NC. Can I legally carry when I visit my family in Michigan?
Thanks

Joshua Holden
Guest
Joshua Holden

Yes.
The answer can be found in the reciprocity section.

Andrew
Guest
Andrew

What if you don’t register your gun with in ten days. Purchase. But tried at the nearest police stations and where turned town then what should I do.

Joshua Holden
Guest
Joshua Holden

You need to submit it to the proper department that has jurisdiction where you live.
If you live in a township right outside of town, you’ll need to take it to the sheriff’s department, not the city police.

Jesse
Guest
Jesse

Can you open carry riding an atv on state land?

Joshua Holden
Guest
Joshua Holden

Yes.
It’s doors on vehicles that make open carry into concealed.

Mike S
Guest
Mike S

If a handgun gets confiscated by the police during an otherwise routine stop, can the owner ever recover the gun from the police? The gun was being carried improperly in the backseat and the driver did notify the police as is req. The driver was convicted of a misdemeanor as described above but the gun was completely legal, registered, etc. Shouldn’t a person be able to retain his property if carried appropriately from now on?

Brian
Guest
Brian

I am an Indiana resident trying to familiarize myself with reciprocity laws. I’ve been reading up on the laws just curious if anyone know the laws for out of state ccw holders

Seth
Guest
Seth

Can I conceal carry (yes I have my cpl) with a red dot sight? I cannot seem to find any information specific to the subject and have gotten contradicting answers from anyone I have talked to.

Joshua Holden
Guest
Joshua Holden

Yes.
There are no regulations on magazine size, sights, optics, etc.

john damon
Guest
john damon

ive read the laws and rules to carry and transporting. i know its says without cpl you cannot carry in your car but i keep finding things that contradicts eachother to carry in a vehicule. my question is i dont have a cpl can i still carry in my car with firearm unloaded or no matter what do i have to store it unloaded in the trunk?

Jeff M
Guest
Jeff M

It must be unloaded in a case out of reach unless you have a michigan CLP

Robert Phillips
Guest
Robert Phillips

You have to have the firearm I. A lock box unloaded and separated from magazine if it has a magazine. Of you dont have a trunk it has to be in the lock box out of reach of you and the furthest point. Once the gun is o side the vehicle it is considered concealed even if it is in plain sight.

Gerald Dunfee
Guest
Gerald Dunfee

50 years ago I was given 3yrs probation and was told that it would be taken off if I keep my nose clean I got off probation after 2 years but it never happened but I have a hand gun registered to me from the state of Michigan. But now I can’t buy or sell a gun. What can I do to correct this. My name is Gerald Dunfee this happened in Traverse City in 1969.

Kingsmen PSC
Guest
Kingsmen PSC

You will have to go to the county clerks office to file a Set Aside a Conviction Form. I think you can print one off online as well but you’ll need to file it with the county clerk. The process usually take’s about 90 days and in most cases the cost total is under $250. I think to file cost $100 or $115. I have had several students do this because they wanted to hunt or carry a firearm but have had prior convictions from years ago. It’s a pretty simple process and no need for a attorney. If you… Read more »

Chris Wilhelms
Guest
Chris Wilhelms

Kingsman is not accurate. There are 2 types of felonies when it comes to gun owner ship. The definitions are confusing but not. They are specific and non specific. A a specific felony is one that requires your rights to be resrore via circuit court. And include the following felonies. Great bodily harm to another Gun/weapon related of offenses Manufacturing and selling of controlled substances Detonating explosive devices Arson or invasion of occupied dwellings Domestic violence(misdemeanor) And non specific are all other felonies ie larceny in a buolding etc. Those felonies only require a 3 year waitinf period after your… Read more »

Scott Adam Beidler
Guest
Scott Adam Beidler

My dad who lives in another state had just gave all of us siblings guns. What do I do to register it? It was a gift, no sale. He lives 5 states away. I have never owned a gun before. ( clean record, no worries, just clueless) Any help? Don’t need a concealed permit, just want it legally to be mine.

James
Guest
James

Only have to register handguns, rifles and shotguns don’t need any documents. For every handgun you must get a pistol purchase permit from your local police department ($10 each), fill out the form with specs of the gun, and signatures of both parties. Then one copy must be brought back to the police department within 30 days and one copy is kept buy the one who received the handgun and one copy is kept by the one who transferred it.

J stu
Guest
J stu

Long guns or pistols?

Kingsmen PSC
Guest
Kingsmen PSC

If there rifles no registration is required, if your Dad gave you the registration for the handguns take the registration down to the local sheriffs office and drop it off. If it’s over ten days the may have a fee. If you do not have registration form for the handguns most police department will issue them with a purchase permit. I’ll double check on the laws for you. If you still need any help with this. you can email me for a quick response.
kingsmenpsc@yahoo.com

Jamie Burns
Guest
Jamie Burns

I would like to know more about Michigan gun laws involving the storage of hand guns. If a juvenile takes a parent’s hand gun without permission and commits a violent crime can the parents be held accountable and be charged for a crime as well. I would also like to know who i could contact to find out if other states have gun laws that hold the gun owners accountable for their child’s actions

James Guilbault
Guest
James Guilbault

From my understanding there is no law that determines how a firearm must be stored. However I cannot guarantee parents wouldn’t have any responsibility in a case as such.

Tabitha Vansickle
Guest
Tabitha Vansickle

Hand guns if not on person must be under lock and have a trigger lock/guard in place for proper storage of a firearm , this is a responsibility the owner will be held accountable for if the gun is removed from owner possession and happens to he used in crime….this “proper storage” is explained at the time of a purchase from a dealer…if you buy from an independent seller it’s your responsibility to be aware of the laws.

Kingsmen PSC
Guest
Kingsmen PSC

There are no laws for the way you store your firearm in Michigan, but you are responsible for your firearm this includes making sure ones that are not supposed to have it cant gain access to it. If your firearm is stolen from a individual family or not you wont be tried in Michigan for that crime that was commented that dose mean you can’t be tried in a civil law suit cause that can happen, unlikely but always possible. To learn about laws in other states I would recommend contacting Guns of America or the NRA. Most Attorneys will… Read more »