MICHIGAN GUN LAWS

All The Facts and Info


Want to know more about Michigan gun laws?

Then you are in the right place. If you are looking for some up to date information we have it here.
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michigan state seal

Michigan gun laws operate on a “Shall Issue” policy at the local level. To purchase handguns privately a purchase permit, background checks and firearm registration is required. Only residents are allowed to purchase handguns with non-residents being allowed to purchase long guns. Concealed carry permits require a firearms training course that has been state approved. There are exemptions for non-residents who are in the military, have a Michigan driver's license or are registered to vote in Michigan.

Michigan CCW Quick Facts

Carry In Vehicle SEE DETAILS
Must Notify Officer YES
Carry In State Parks Allowed YES
No Weapons Signs Enforced NO
Open Carry Permitted SEE DETAILS
Carry In Restaurant YES
Constitutional Carry NO
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Michigan CCW Reciprocity

MICHIGAN 2018

  • Permit Honored
  • Permit not honored
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How Reciprocity Works in Michigan

All CCW permits from other states are honored by Michigan with the exception of Non-resident permits. Michigan will only honor permits issued to residents of the state the permit was issued in. And the person cannot remain in Michigan for longer than 180 days.

Michigan Reciprocity State's

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STATES
Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming

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Residential Permits Only
Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming

Districts & Territories
District of Columbia, New York City, Puerto Rico,

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California, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Illinois, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, Oregon, Rhode Island.
Michigan will not honor non-resident permits from any state.
28.422 - Non-residents

Michigan Handgun License

Michigan Gun Policy

Shall Issue

Permit Issued To

Residents
CPL License Overview

A concealed carry license is issued to persons who meet certain requirements. Some of these requirements are that the person has not had any felonies or certain misdemeanors within the last 3 or 8 years with the time being related to the type of charge. An approved course in firearms training is also required to be taken. Applicants will also need to have been a resident of Michigan for at least 6 months before making the application.

The Law
28.425 – CPL licenses

Non-Resident Licenses

Michigan does not issue Non-Resident concealed carry licenses and they will not honor any non-resident licences from other states. There is one exception and that is if you move from another state to Michigan as a permanent resident. If you had a CCW license in another state then Michigan will accept that and waive the six month residency requirement.

The Law
28.425b – Non-resident licenses

Handgun Training

All applicants for a Michigan concealed carry permit are required to take a firearms safety course that has been approved by the state.

REQUIREMENTS

  • Must be at least 21 years old.
  • You have completed an approved firearms training class.
  • You have a valid state-issued driver’s license or personal identification card.
  • Be a legal resident of Michigan and reside in Michigan for at least six months immediately prior to application.
  • You have not been convicted of a violent crime that is a felony.
  • Be a citizen of the United States or an alien lawfully admitted into the United States
  • Not be subject to an order or disposition for any of the following;
    • Involuntary hospitalization or involuntary alternative treatment.
    • Legal incapacitation
    • Personal protection order
    • Bond or conditional release prohibiting purchase or possession of a firearm
    • Finding of not guilty by reason of insanity
  • Not be prohibited from possessing, using, transporting, selling, purchasing, carrying, shipping, receiving, or distributing a firearm under Michigan law.
  • Not be under a court order of legal incapacity in this state or elsewhere.
  • Have not been found guilty but mentally ill of any crime, and has not offered a plea of not guilty of, or been acquitted of, any crime by reason of insanity.
  • Have not been convicted of a misdemeanor violation of any of the following in the three years immediately preceding the date of application and a charge for a misdemeanor violation of any of the following is not pending against the applicant in this state or elsewhere at the time he or she applies for a license: (Long….list on their website)
  • Have not been convicted of a misdemeanor violation of any of the following in the eight years immediately preceding the date of the application and a charge for a misdemeanor violation of any of the following is not pending against the applicant in this state or elsewhere at the time he or she applies for a CPL: (another long….list on their website)
  • Is not currently and has never been subject to an order of involuntary commitment in an inpatient or outpatient setting due to mental illness.
  • Not have a diagnosed mental illness at the time the application is made that includes an assessment that the individual presents a danger to himself or herself or to another, regardless of whether he or she is receiving treatment for that illness.
  • Have never been convicted of a felony in Michigan or elsewhere, and a felony charge against the applicant is not pending in Michigan or elsewhere at the time he or she applies for a CPL.
  • Federal Law – Prohibits the following persons
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Michigan: Places Off-Limits for CCW

michigan state flag
Michigan state flag

Places Off-Limits in Michigan

  • Schools or school property but may carry while in a vehicle on school property while dropping off or picking up if a parent or legal guardian
  • Public or private day care center, public or private child caring agency, or public or private child placing agency
  • Courtroom, office, or other space used for official court business
  • Sports arena or stadium
  • A tavern where the primary source of income is the sale of alcoholic liquor by the glass consumed on the premises
  • Any property or facility owned or operated by a church, synagogue, mosque, temple, or other place of worship
  • An entertainment facility that the individual knows or should know has a seating capacity of 2,500 or more
  • A hospital
  • A dormitory or classroom of a community college, college, or university
  • A Casino
  • Michigan State University, University of Michigan, Wayne State University
  • Any place where the carrying of firearms is prohibited by Federal Law.

Places Allowed in Michigan

  • State parks
  • State and national forests
  • Road side rest areas
  • Vehicle
  • All areas of the state not listed as Off-Limits

Pointers: Michigan Gun Laws

Bill to eliminate CPL license
Carrying a handgun in Michigan

Michigan Concealed Carry Laws

michigan state capitol building
Michigan state capitol building

Michigan Gun Laws To Know

YES/NO – Without a permit
If you do not have a CPL license then you cannot carry a loadedfirearm in any vehicle. Unless the firearm is unloaded and is one or more of the following;

  • Taken down.
  • Enclosed in a case.
  • Carried in the trunk of the vehicle.
  • Inaccessible from the interior of the vehicle.

If you have a CPL license from Michigan then you can carry a loaded and concealed firearm in a vehicle.

The Law
750.227d – Transporting firearm

YES – Must Inform Officer
If you are licensed to carry a concealed handgun and are stopped by the police then Michigan gun laws require you to immediately disclose that you are carrying a concealed weapon on you or in the vehicle. You must carry your permit/license at all times that you are carrying a concealed pistol, as well as your Driver’s License or state-issued ID card.

The Law
28.425f (3)

YES

It is legal to carry in the following areas;

  • State Parks:       YES324.504(6)
  • State/National Forests:     YES324.504(6)
  • State Wildlife Management Areas:     YES324.504(6)
  • Road Side Rest Areas:     YES
NO

“No Weapons” signs are not mentioned in Michigan gun laws. There are no legal penalties for entering a private property or business that has posted these signs. They have no force of law unless they are posted in areas that are mentioned by the law as being off limits.

GunsToCarry recommends that you do not enter a property displaying a “No Weapons” sign whether the law is for or against signage. If asked to leave a property and you refuse to do so then you are breaking the law and put yourself at risk of being charged.

YES – Without a permit
Carrying a handgun without a CPL license in Michigan is legal with a few restrictions.

Without a CPL License

  • You cannot open carry at a business or grocery store that sell’s alcohol.
  • Residents of Michigan can open carry a handgun without a CPL license if the gun is registered to their name.
  • Some areas listed as off limits may not apply to persons who open carry.
  • Non-residents who do not have a CCW license from their home state are not allowed to conceal or open carry.
  • You cannot carry a loaded firearm in a vehicle without a CPL license.
  • A person must be at least 18 years old to open carry.
YES
In Restaurants That Serve Alcohol

“Yes” or “No” states if you can carry in a restaurant that serves alcohol. Some restaurants may be posted with “NO GUN” signs. Check with the staff if this means just the bar area. If we have indicated a “Yes” then it should be legal to have a meal without drinking alcohol.

The Law
28.425o

NO
Michigan does not have constitutional carry.
“Every person has the right to keep and bear arms for the defense of himself and the state”
(Art. I, § 6)
no weapons sign in michigan

Michigan Off-Limit Statutes

Other Michigan CCW Statutes

For information on other states handgun laws please go back to the state laws page and select the state you are interested in.

Other Michigan Gun Laws

Private Sales
To purchase a handgun in Michigan you will need either a purchase license or a concealed carry license and all require a background check. To purchase from a private seller a person must be at least 18 years old with long guns do not requireing a purchase license or background check. Only residents of Michigan are allowed to purchase handguns but non-residents are permitted to purchase long guns (anything over 26 inches long). If you have a valid CPL license then you will not require a purchase license however, you will still need to complete a handgun sales record.

Licensed Dealer
To purchase a handgun from a licensed dealer a person must be at least 21 years old or 18 for long guns.

Purchase licenses
Purchase licenses are issued by the local police or sheriff. The license is valid for 30 days and the purchaser and seller must both sign the license. Copies of the license are required to be returned to the Police within 10 days.

Michigan CCW FAQ's

frequently asked questions on michigan gun laws

Michigan CCW Contact

Michigan State Police Headquarters

Hours


Monday – Friday 9am – 5pm

Saturday Closed

Sunday Closed


Contact


Address 7150 Harris Drive

CityDimondale, Michigan 48821

Phone (517) 284-3700

 

Updates & Data Sources

Disclaimer

The information contained on this page is not legal advice but is merely a starting point for your own research. It is up to you to decide what the best course of action is for your circumstances. We are not lawyers, if you'd like individualized legal advice, we'd be happy to refer you to some law practices with known firearm specializations. It is crucial that you understand the law before you carry a firearm. Also, remember that just because a statute may clearly say one thing or another, that doesn't mean all members of law enforcement know it. That also goes for lawyers and even judges too.

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Earl GreyDavid WomackDanS.C.k8vf Recent comment authors
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Earl Grey
Guest
Earl Grey

I have an AR lower I have owned for a little while now, probably less than 2 years, that I have wanted to build into a pistol. I have a CPL, but I also know that the registry of sale is a thing and I want to know the process for legally building it. I have only put in a FCG and bolt stop, so I have never built it into a rifle, which I’ve heard is pertinent, but I can’t get any info newer than 5 years ago. Any help?

Dan
Guest
Dan

Can I carry my ar15 in my vehicle ? I have cpl card.

David Womack
Guest
David Womack

I inquired about this with a county prosecutor. The CPL is exactly that, a Concealed PISTOL License. As an AR-15 is a long gun, then it is NOT a pistol and the CPL grants no authority to carry anything but a pistol. Michigan Law defines a pistol as any firearm under 30 inches in length. Which then must be registered as a handgun as well. If the firearm is legally defined as a pistol and is registered under Michigan Law, then it can be carried. Interestingly, the Michigan State Police are not requiring registration of 26 inch Remington and Mossberg… Read more »

Earl Grey
Guest
Earl Grey

From what I found in the legislature files as long as the rifle is unloaded and “inaccessible”, or in a case, trunk, or taken down, yes, you can legally have it in your car. Additionally, unloaded just means there is an empty magazine or no magazine inserted, so there appears to be nothing about having loaded mags nearby.

As for what I think David was trying to say, long arms are not legally concealable.

k8vf
Guest
k8vf

Michigan’s Castle Law does not limit your Stand Your ground to your own premises. It applies on the street as well.

Jacob
Guest
Jacob

I have an Illinois FOID, but not a CCL. Can I still possess a handgun in Michigan in my apartment? I am not going to conceal or open carry, just possess.

Michigan law says, “The individual is licensed in his or her state of residence to purchase, carry, or transport a pistol.”

From my understanding, that’s what a FOID is. It gives me the right to purchase a firearm in Illinois. So does this work?
Anything helps, thanks in advance!

Shawn
Guest
Shawn

I have an Indiana license to carry being a resident of Indiana am I allowed to conceal carry in michigan

Darr247
Guest
Darr247

Yes. The concealed carry permits Michigan does NOT recognize are non-resident permits. e.g. you live in Indiana but your concealed carry permit is from Ohio (some people do that because OH permits are reciprocal in the more states – 39 – than any other state’s permit). If you move to Michigan, having a valid permit from the current residency state waives the 6-month residency requirement, so you can apply for a Michigan permit immediately upon moving to Michigan… one of its requirements is having a Michigan driver’s license or state ID card, though… so hit a Secretary of State office… Read more »

Sir Richard Whitney
Guest
Sir Richard Whitney

Carry permits are a violation of the first article of the 14th amendment. The state of Michigan is in direct violation of the 14th amendment. Any judge contesting said amendment is in Violation of Title 18 usc sec. 241 “Conspiracy Against Rights” Any law enforcement officers trying to enforce unconstitutional michigan laws are in Violation of Title 18 usc Sec. 245 “Federally protected Activity” (2nd amendment & first paragraph of the 14th amendment” Judges are not pro-constitution they have a revenue mindset and will misconstrue all of the amendments of the constitution to make a dollar and to exercise their… Read more »

John
Guest
John

Does Michigan have something like the “Parking-lot” laws? I carry while in my car. but my employer says no firearms on property. If I drive to work with my firearm and leave it, properly secured, in my car, am I covered under Michigan law?

S.C.
Guest
S.C.

Your vehicle is your property. It does not belong to your boss, nor does he control what you are allowed to do on/in your personal property.

John
Guest
John

Can i have a weed card and a cpl in Michigan

Darr247
Guest
Darr247

No.

But recreational weed is legal in Michigan, so you no longer *need* a medical marijuana card, either.

Earl Grey
Guest
Earl Grey

Have you just not read the national ATF form for purchasing a firearm then? Marijuana use is on the form my dude.
https://www.atf.gov/firearms/atf-form-4473-firearms-transaction-record-revisions

Pablojohn
Guest
Pablojohn

So I’m 19 how do I go about getting a pistol in my name that was given to me by a friend

LikeALamb
Guest
LikeALamb

One or the other. Never both

k8vf
Guest
k8vf

Go to local law or Sheriff’s dept and apply for a purchase permit. They will then do a back ground check. It may take a few days to complete and they will print you and notify you. DO NOT carry weapon to apply for or register unless they ask for it. AFTER you receive permit, fill out the blanks and have gifter or seller sign it where appropriate and return to law enforcement to register. At 19 you can buy a handgun privately, but not from a gun shop. Federal law. Purchase permit required to take possession, so do not… Read more »

Zac
Guest
Zac

If I just have the ability to open carry but I’m riding passenger with someone who conceals carry with their CPL, Do the laws still stand by me that my firearm has to be unloaded and in the furthest point away from me? Or am I allowed to keep my firearm in my holster also?

Gerald
Guest
Gerald

Yes if you, yourself, do not have a CPL then you have to unload your firearm and lock it away regardless if you are with someone who has a concealed carry permit.

Earl Grey
Guest
Earl Grey

To explain in slightly more depth, possessing a loaded firearm inside a vehicle is considered possessing a concealed firearm, whether behind clothing layers or not. Additionally, it appears completely prohibited to posses a loaded rifle in a vehicle, however if it is unloaded and “inaccessible” it appears to be acceptable even without a CPL.

Jeff
Guest
Jeff

I know better than to carry a weapon on my person or in my vehicle when crossing the border to Canada but my question is should I present my cpl to customs upon crossing?

Dave
Guest
Dave

I never have/do. None of their business if I’m not carrying a weapon.

xander
Guest
xander

i am a colorado resident and my father in law is a Michigan resident. He would like to gift me one of his old handguns. I will be driving to Michigan next month. Is it possible to for him to transfer it to me?

Dave
Guest
Dave

Yes. You will need to do a few things, though. The transfer to be legal needs to take place at a police station so it can be legally recorded. Than, while I’m not a resident of CO, my assumption would be you would have a certain number of days to get it legally registered in CO under your name.

Josh
Guest
Josh

We don’t register weapons in Colorado. That’s communist.

Darr247
Guest
Darr247

I have never had to present a handgun to be registered in Michigan… all that’s required is taking the police copy of the receipt (RI-060) to the county sheriff’s office within 10 days. If an FFL holder makes the transfer, you’ll have the proper paperwork… most charge $25-$75 to provide that service (they do a NICS check on the new owner, too), so call a few gun stores if you want to price shop. I know a gun smith with an FFL that will do it for free if he has done work on any of your guns; your mileage… Read more »

Ruth
Guest
Ruth

I am 64 years old and live in the state of Michigan my son who lives in another state and is registered there wants to buy me a gun and get it to me how can I go about this? I do not have a carry permit or anything, please advise.

Dave
Guest
Dave

Quickest way would be for him to buy it and have it shipped to a FFL in MI. From there, the FFL can handle the paperwork to get the gun to you legally.

Your age won’t matter, FYI.

Kat
Guest
Kat

I have a concealed carry license, can I carry a gun that is not registered to me? The gun is registered to a person that does not have a concealed carry license.

Mark Wagner
Guest
Mark Wagner

Yes, as long as the weapon is legal.

Earl Grey
Guest
Earl Grey

and the lending

Michael Turner
Guest
Michael Turner

do a cpl training certificate expire in Michigan.

Gerald
Guest
Gerald

As of December 1, 2015 Michigan law was amended to require that the training for a CPL application be provided within 5 years preceding the date of application.

Jerry
Guest
Jerry

I am an Illinois resident and I have an Illinois concealed carry permit. Can I carry a concealed pistol when traveling through or vacationing in Michigan? Can I legally open carry?

Emily
Guest
Emily

You can legally conceal carry, following Michigan law with your Illinois CCL while you are vacationing/driving through. Michigan recognizes all concealed carry permits that are issued by the persons home state; so if I lived in Illinois but only had a non resident CCL for another state, it would not be legal for me to carry in Michigan. Because you are an Illinois resident with an Illinois CCL, you can legally carry while you are in Michigan. You just have to remember that Michigan is a duty to inform state, so literally the first thing you have to say upon… Read more »

Ronald D Smith
Guest
Ronald D Smith

Can I open a shotgun semi automatic

k8vf
Guest
k8vf

What are you asking? Can you make it fully automatic? No, that would be a machine gun under the law. Felony.

Earl Grey
Guest
Earl Grey

Yes. However I highly doubt that is actually the question you meant to ask.

Mark
Guest
Mark

Moving from Tn. back to Michigan and i have a Tennessee carry permit,i have heard conflicting stories that yes,i can take the cpl class as soon as I’m a resident there and then I’ve heard no,still need to wait 6 months. Does anyone have an answer to this? Appreciate the info as I don’t want to waste time and money if i have to wait. Thanks in advance

Emily
Guest
Emily

Michigan will wave the 6mo residency requirement when you have a valid CCL from your previous home state.

Mike R
Guest
Mike R

I have a LEOSA card since serving as an MP in the Army. Do I still need a CPL for Michigan? I just moved here. Thanks.

Garry Burroughs
Guest
Garry Burroughs

If John has a cpl and the gun is registered and Joe has a cpl and a registered gun can
Joe carry John gun and John carry Joes?

Jtc
Guest
Jtc

As long as you have Cpl and the gun is legal you can carry it.

Cameron Best
Guest
Cameron Best

As far as I’m aware CPL holders can borrow weapons between each other without issue, but both parties have to have a CPL. You can’t borrow to or from someone without.