MICHIGAN GUN LAWS

Facts and Info for 2018


Want to know more about Michigan gun laws?

Then you are in the right place. If you are looking for some up to date information we have it here.
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michigan state seal

Michigan gun laws operate on a “Shall Issue” policy at the local level. To purchase handguns privately a purchase permit, background checks and firearm registration is required. Only residents are allowed to purchase handguns with non-residents being allowed to purchase long guns. Concealed carry permits require a firearms training course that has been state approved. There are exemptions for non-residents who are in the military, have a Michigan driver's license or are registered to vote in Michigan.

Michigan CCW Quick Facts

Carry In Vehicle SEE DETAILS
Must Notify Officer YES
Carry In State Parks Allowed YES
No Weapons Signs Enforced NO
Open Carry Permitted SEE DETAILS
Carry In Restaurant YES
Constitutional Carry NO
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Michigan CCW Reciprocity

MICHIGAN 2018

  • Permit Honored
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How Reciprocity Works in Michigan

All CCW permits from other states are honored by Michigan with the exception of Non-resident permits. Michigan will only honor permits issued to residents of the state the permit was issued in. And the person cannot remain in Michigan for longer than 180 days.

Michigan Reciprocity State's

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STATES
Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming

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Residential Permits Only
Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming

Districts & Territories
District of Columbia, New York City, Puerto Rico,

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California, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Illinois, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, Oregon, Rhode Island.
Michigan will not honor non-resident permits from any state.
28.422 - Non-residents

Michigan Handgun License

Michigan Gun Policy

Shall Issue

Permit Issued To

Residents
CPL License Overview

A concealed carry license is issued to persons who meet certain requirements. Some of these requirements are that the person has not had any felonies or certain misdemeanors within the last 3 or 8 years with the time being related to the type of charge. An approved course in firearms training is also required to be taken. Applicants will also need to have been a resident of Michigan for at least 6 months before making the application.

The Law
28.425 – CPL licenses

Non-Resident Licenses

Michigan does not issue Non-Resident concealed carry licenses and they will not honor any non-resident licences from other states. There is one exception and that is if you move from another state to Michigan as a permanent resident. If you had a CCW license in another state then Michigan will accept that and waive the six month residency requirement.

The Law
28.425b – Non-resident licenses

Handgun Training

All applicants for a Michigan concealed carry permit are required to take a firearms safety course that has been approved by the state.

REQUIREMENTS

  • Must be at least 21 years old.
  • You have completed an approved firearms training class.
  • You have a valid state-issued driver’s license or personal identification card.
  • Be a legal resident of Michigan and reside in Michigan for at least six months immediately prior to application.
  • You have not been convicted of a violent crime that is a felony.
  • Be a citizen of the United States or an alien lawfully admitted into the United States
  • Not be subject to an order or disposition for any of the following;
    • Involuntary hospitalization or involuntary alternative treatment.
    • Legal incapacitation
    • Personal protection order
    • Bond or conditional release prohibiting purchase or possession of a firearm
    • Finding of not guilty by reason of insanity
  • Not be prohibited from possessing, using, transporting, selling, purchasing, carrying, shipping, receiving, or distributing a firearm under Michigan law.
  • Not be under a court order of legal incapacity in this state or elsewhere.
  • Have not been found guilty but mentally ill of any crime, and has not offered a plea of not guilty of, or been acquitted of, any crime by reason of insanity.
  • Have not been convicted of a misdemeanor violation of any of the following in the three years immediately preceding the date of application and a charge for a misdemeanor violation of any of the following is not pending against the applicant in this state or elsewhere at the time he or she applies for a license: (Long….list on their website)
  • Have not been convicted of a misdemeanor violation of any of the following in the eight years immediately preceding the date of the application and a charge for a misdemeanor violation of any of the following is not pending against the applicant in this state or elsewhere at the time he or she applies for a CPL: (another long….list on their website)
  • Is not currently and has never been subject to an order of involuntary commitment in an inpatient or outpatient setting due to mental illness.
  • Not have a diagnosed mental illness at the time the application is made that includes an assessment that the individual presents a danger to himself or herself or to another, regardless of whether he or she is receiving treatment for that illness.
  • Have never been convicted of a felony in Michigan or elsewhere, and a felony charge against the applicant is not pending in Michigan or elsewhere at the time he or she applies for a CPL.
  • Federal Law – Prohibits the following persons
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Michigan: Places Off-Limits for CCW

michigan state flag
Michigan state flag

Places Off-Limits in Michigan

  • Schools or school property but may carry while in a vehicle on school property while dropping off or picking up if a parent or legal guardian
  • Public or private day care center, public or private child caring agency, or public or private child placing agency
  • Courtroom, office, or other space used for official court business
  • Sports arena or stadium
  • A tavern where the primary source of income is the sale of alcoholic liquor by the glass consumed on the premises
  • Any property or facility owned or operated by a church, synagogue, mosque, temple, or other place of worship
  • An entertainment facility that the individual knows or should know has a seating capacity of 2,500 or more
  • A hospital
  • A dormitory or classroom of a community college, college, or university
  • A Casino
  • Michigan State University, University of Michigan, Wayne State University
  • Any place where the carrying of firearms is prohibited by Federal Law.

Places Allowed in Michigan

  • State parks
  • State and national forests
  • Road side rest areas
  • Vehicle
  • All areas of the state not listed as Off-Limits

Pointers: Michigan Gun Laws

Bill to eliminate CPL license
Carrying a handgun in Michigan

Michigan Concealed Carry Laws

michigan state capitol building
Michigan state capitol building

Michigan Gun Laws To Know

YES/NO – Without a permit
If you do not have a CPL license then you cannot carry a loadedfirearm in any vehicle. Unless the firearm is unloaded and is one or more of the following;

  • Taken down.
  • Enclosed in a case.
  • Carried in the trunk of the vehicle.
  • Inaccessible from the interior of the vehicle.

If you have a CPL license from Michigan then you can carry a loaded and concealed firearm in a vehicle.

The Law
750.227d – Transporting firearm

YES – Must Inform Officer
If you are licensed to carry a concealed handgun and are stopped by the police then Michigan gun laws require you to immediately disclose that you are carrying a concealed weapon on you or in the vehicle. You must carry your permit/license at all times that you are carrying a concealed pistol, as well as your Driver’s License or state-issued ID card.

The Law
28.425f (3)

YES

It is legal to carry in the following areas;

  • State Parks:       YES324.504(6)
  • State/National Forests:     YES324.504(6)
  • State Wildlife Management Areas:     YES324.504(6)
  • Road Side Rest Areas:     YES
NO

“No Weapons” signs are not mentioned in Michigan gun laws. There are no legal penalties for entering a private property or business that has posted these signs. They have no force of law unless they are posted in areas that are mentioned by the law as being off limits.

GunsToCarry recommends that you do not enter a property displaying a “No Weapons” sign whether the law is for or against signage. If asked to leave a property and you refuse to do so then you are breaking the law and put yourself at risk of being charged.

YES – Without a permit
Carrying a handgun without a CPL license in Michigan is legal with a few restrictions.

Without a CPL License

  • You cannot open carry at a business or grocery store that sell’s alcohol.
  • Residents of Michigan can open carry a handgun without a CPL license if the gun is registered to their name.
  • Some areas listed as off limits may not apply to persons who open carry.
  • Non-residents who do not have a CCW license from their home state are not allowed to conceal or open carry.
  • You cannot carry a loaded firearm in a vehicle without a CPL license.
  • A person must be at least 18 years old to open carry.
YES
In Restaurants That Serve Alcohol

“Yes” or “No” states if you can carry in a restaurant that serves alcohol. Some restaurants may be posted with “NO GUN” signs. Check with the staff if this means just the bar area. If we have indicated a “Yes” then it should be legal to have a meal without drinking alcohol.

The Law
28.425o

NO
Michigan does not have constitutional carry.
“Every person has the right to keep and bear arms for the defense of himself and the state”
(Art. I, § 6)
no weapons sign in michigan

Michigan Off-Limit Statutes

Other Michigan CCW Statutes

For information on other states handgun laws please go back to the state laws page and select the state you are interested in.

Other Michigan Gun Laws

Private Sales
To purchase a handgun in Michigan you will need either a purchase license or a concealed carry license and all require a background check. To purchase from a private seller a person must be at least 18 years old with long guns do not requireing a purchase license or background check. Only residents of Michigan are allowed to purchase handguns but non-residents are permitted to purchase long guns (anything over 26 inches long). If you have a valid CPL license then you will not require a purchase license however, you will still need to complete a handgun sales record.

Licensed Dealer
To purchase a handgun from a licensed dealer a person must be at least 21 years old or 18 for long guns.

Purchase licenses
Purchase licenses are issued by the local police or sheriff. The license is valid for 30 days and the purchaser and seller must both sign the license. Copies of the license are required to be returned to the Police within 10 days.

Michigan CCW FAQ's

frequently asked questions on michigan gun laws

Michigan CCW Contact

Michigan State Police Headquarters

Hours


Monday – Friday 9am – 5pm

Saturday Closed

Sunday Closed


Contact


Address 7150 Harris Drive

CityDimondale, Michigan 48821

Phone (517) 284-3700

 

Updates & Data Sources

Disclaimer

The information contained on this page is not legal advice but is merely a starting point for your own research. It is up to you to decide what the best course of action is for your circumstances. We are not lawyers, if you'd like individualized legal advice, we'd be happy to refer you to some law practices with known firearm specializations. It is crucial that you understand the law before you carry a firearm. Also, remember that just because a statute may clearly say one thing or another, that doesn't mean all members of law enforcement know it. That also goes for lawyers and even judges too.

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Gerald DunfeeJamesJames GuilbaultJames GuilbaultJames Recent comment authors
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Gerald Dunfee
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Gerald Dunfee

50 years ago I was given 3yrs probation and was told that it would be taken off if I keep my nose clean I got off probation after 2 years but it never happened but I have a hand gun registered to me from the state of Michigan. But now I can’t buy or sell a gun. What can I do to correct this. My name is Gerald Dunfee this happened in Traverse City in 1969.

Scott Adam Beidler
Guest
Scott Adam Beidler

My dad who lives in another state had just gave all of us siblings guns. What do I do to register it? It was a gift, no sale. He lives 5 states away. I have never owned a gun before. ( clean record, no worries, just clueless) Any help? Don’t need a concealed permit, just want it legally to be mine.

James
Guest
James

Only have to register handguns, rifles and shotguns don’t need any documents. For every handgun you must get a pistol purchase permit from your local police department ($10 each), fill out the form with specs of the gun, and signatures of both parties. Then one copy must be brought back to the police department within 30 days and one copy is kept buy the one who received the handgun and one copy is kept by the one who transferred it.

Jamie Burns
Guest
Jamie Burns

I would like to know more about Michigan gun laws involving the storage of hand guns. If a juvenile takes a parent’s hand gun without permission and commits a violent crime can the parents be held accountable and be charged for a crime as well. I would also like to know who i could contact to find out if other states have gun laws that hold the gun owners accountable for their child’s actions

James Guilbault
Guest
James Guilbault

From my understanding there is no law that determines how a firearm must be stored. However I cannot guarantee parents wouldn’t have any responsibility in a case as such.

Don
Guest
Don

The company I work for has signs posted “No Weapons allowed ” My question Am I allowed to have 1 in my car. So I can protect myself to and from work?

K8vf
Guest
K8vf

Check with the NRA if you are a member. My memory says they joined a suit which had a member fired for locking his weapons in his car while at work, and the member won. There may be law written now associated with this. (Google?)

K8vf
Guest
K8vf

Guns at work have become a very hot topic in recent years. Media coverage of workplace shootings by current or former employees have led many employers to take a closer look at their policies and procedures for handling workplace violence. Prohibiting employees from bringing weapons to work is among the many commonsense precautions many employers have taken. That’s not the end of the story, though. Many people have strong feelings about their right to bear arms, which they believe should not end at the office door. Powerful pro-gun organizations agree and have successfully convinced a number of states to pass… Read more »

Rafael
Guest
Rafael

Yes! Your car does not constitute a premise under which you aren’t allowed to carry

Mikel
Guest
Mikel

As a MI CPL holder are you required to inform when you are a passenger in a vehicle pulled over by a LEO.

John
Guest
John

Yes you are required to inform that you are armed and a cpl holder that go’s for anyone in the car

Darik
Guest
Darik

Hello, I am working in MI but my family (and guns) are in Texas. Should I choose to move everything up to MI, am I required to register handguns that are currently owned? I understand any purchase or sale of a handgun would require registration.

James Guilbault
Guest
James Guilbault

Registering is only when you transfer the handgun to a new owner.

Terry S.
Guest
Terry S.

I heard that Michigan if you are the owner of a gun you can carry without a CCW is this true?

Ken
Guest
Ken

Open carry only, if you are a resident.

Scott W Henley
Guest
Scott W Henley

Let’s use correct terminology.
CPL=Concealed Pistol License. Legal carry of a concealed firearm.
CCW= Carrying Concealed Weapon= Felony Crime The two are not interchangable.

Scott W Henley
Guest
Scott W Henley

Open Carry is Legal in MI as long as you are a MI resident and meet the age requirement. The firearm must be Registered in Your Name

Andre
Guest
Andre

I recently had a family member die. He was a registered gun owner but I now have the gun. What should I be doing at this point to have it safe in my home. Do I have to register it? Etc

Mike
Guest
Mike

Take a copy of the death certificate, and the pistol to your local FFL, and they can do the 4473, and RI-60 forms, to transfer it into your name. Cost is $20-$25.00 typically.

Garrett
Guest
Garrett

If Im current active duty military do I need to take the course to get my CPL or can I just show up with my DD214 to get my CPL?

Lisa Harm
Guest
Lisa Harm

Question: if you shoot someone that is 20ft away ( lets say out in public, maybe a parking lot.) Can you be charged because most situations happen within 10 ft. And at 20 ft you have room to flee if necessary ? I’m in MI and someone i know just renewed their cpl and mentioned this. I renewed my 2 yrs ago and have never heard this. I would think though. At 20ft you would be warning the individual to stand down and if the proceeded towards you after warning them. They probably will be shot at 10ft.

Dave
Guest
Dave

Depends. Did the person at 20 ft start running at you? What was in there hands? What language or actions where used? Male or female? Did you have your hands in front of you yelling get back? did you try to evade or escape the attack? What provoked the attack? All of these types of question will be attached to the situation. Every last detail down to the second will be investigated. You have to why you chose to take the shot. Why you believe your actions should be justified . Let’s say the situation doesn’t involve you. You have… Read more »

Scott W Henley
Guest
Scott W Henley

Should have covered this situation during your CPL Training Course. At approximately 22 feet the threat closes in roughly 3 seconds. If you deaw as they are closing you will be lucky to get the shot off. You must react.
Obviously you have the obligation to assess the threat. Everyone is different too. The question is DID YOU FEAR FOR YOUR LIFE? If yes, 20 feet 2 feet. Does not matter.

K8vf
Guest
K8vf

Standard CPL and Sheriff’s training was that a knife wielding attacker at 21 feet can get to you before you can draw and shoot. I took CPL class 4 times(not needed) and qualified as a posse deputy in a county sheriff’s posse in Mich 5 times. Both classes taught the same.

Tom Williams
Guest
Tom Williams

Does the REMINGTON – 870 TAC-14 12GA shotgun – at a total of 26 inches in length – meet the following Michigan licensing rule?

“No purchase license is required to purchase a long gun (a firearm that is more than 26 inches long) in Michigan.”

Thanks

Mike
Guest
Mike

The TAC14 like the Mossberg Shockwave, is an “Other”. Not a pistol. If you buy it from an FFL you just fill out a 4473. If it’s a private party sale, no paperwork.

Gabe
Guest
Gabe

Is there anyway to register an AR pistol that has a barrel LESS than 16 inches, but an OAL of over 26 inchs as a pistol in MI? Or does the weapon have to be registered as a firearm?

Gordon
Guest
Gordon

It cannot be registered as a pistol. It does not require registration and is considered a firearm as long as it does not have a rifle stock.

k8vf
Guest
k8vf

Gordon is correct. If you put a rifle stock on it it is a “short barreled rifle” and is illegal.

Josh Reeve
Guest
Josh Reeve

Because I did some deep research and could find nothing stating that there would be an issue if the address on my ID is different than my mailing address. And I also looked at the forum online for the CPL forum and it has an spot on the paper that says ” enter mailing address if different than the one on your ID” so I’m assuming I won’t have any issue to obtain my cpl.

Dave
Guest
Dave

This happened to me when I turned in my Certificate. My address on my driver license was different than my physical address. I had no issues.

Josh Reeve
Guest
Josh Reeve

I am going g to be filing the paperwork for my CPL at the clerk’s office in my county. My address on my ID is different than my mailing address. Will this delay or cause an issue to recieve my cpl

Jim
Guest
Jim

So if I am understanding properly a CPL holder can technically open carry in gun free zone??

Symon
Guest
Symon

No, even a CPL holder CANNOT carry in a gun free zone.. you must have read wrong friend.

Gordon
Guest
Gordon

You would not be permitted to carry in the list of specific places given. However, if your local BestBuy posts a no guns sign, you are not legally obligated to heed it. If you are asked to leave, you leave, or face potential tresspass charges compounded with possession of a firearm while commiting a crime, but you’ll face no legal ramifications from initially carrying there.

k8vf
Guest
k8vf

Check to see if law has changed. When jennifer Granholm was ATTY General in Mich she wrote an opinion that was as the questioner states. The Law may have been revised since then. Read your Mich firearms laws Disc.

K8vf
Guest
K8vf

4. I’ve heard you can Open Carry in a CPFZ listed in MCL 28.425o, is this correct? In short, yes. While there is no definitive case law, multiple state authorities have weighed in on the matter. Attorney General Jennifer Granholm – June 2002 – Opinion No. 7113 A plain reading of section 5o(1) of the Concealed Pistol Licensing Act discloses, however, that its prohibition applies only to the carrying of pistols that are “concealed.” A holstered pistol carried openly and in plain view is not “concealed” and therefore does not violate the prohibition contained in that section. Michigan State Police… Read more »

Grams
Guest
Grams

Hi i was walking to the store and my neighbor house was broken in too the suspects shoot at me 7 times but did hit me and i shoot at the ground to scare them BUT the police took my firearm away from me and havent call me to pick it up…
Is register in my name and it have a clean serial number
What can i do?

Joe Door
Guest
Joe Door

Contact the D.A. . Never fire warning shots .

Zeth
Guest
Zeth

Hi im 18 I recently purchased a long gun in the state of GA I was wondering if I was able to take it to MI?

Joe Door
Guest
Joe Door

Yes .

Joseph Vago
Guest
Joseph Vago

Can CPL holder carry/transport loaded long guns in a vehicle- Michigan.

James
Guest
James

Yes. Only CPL holders can keep them loaded.

Trista
Guest
Trista

what is the difference between a concealed handgun permit and a cpl?

Zeth
Guest
Zeth

It’s the same thing. CPL = concealed pistol license. Handgun = pistol.

dave
Guest
dave

Nothing. There the same thing. Different states have different names for them because weapons is a broad term and hand or pistol is a specific term. But in MI the term is pistol or handgun. Means the same.

M Harmon
Guest
M Harmon

I am a Michigan expat now living in Arizona with Concealed Carry and travel back to Michigan often. I normally travel with my handgun in my checked baggage, which is getting more and more difficult. Can I leagally leave one of my handguns in my brothers safe to use while in Michigan rather than bring it with me?

Gordon
Guest
Gordon

It is legal to loan a handgun to anyone who can legally own one. Your brother cannot legally carry it in public, but it would be fine in his safe.