MICHIGAN GUN LAWS

All The Facts and Info


Want to know more about Michigan gun laws?

Then you are in the right place. If you are looking for some up to date information we have it here.
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michigan state seal

Michigan gun laws operate on a “Shall Issue” policy at the local level. To purchase handguns privately a purchase permit, background checks and firearm registration is required. Only residents are allowed to purchase handguns with non-residents being allowed to purchase long guns. Concealed carry permits require a firearms training course that has been state approved. There are exemptions for non-residents who are in the military, have a Michigan driver's license or are registered to vote in Michigan.

Michigan CCW Quick Facts

Carry In Vehicle SEE DETAILS
Must Notify Officer YES
Carry In State Parks Allowed YES
No Weapons Signs Enforced NO
Open Carry Permitted SEE DETAILS
Carry In Restaurant YES
Constitutional Carry NO
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Michigan CCW Reciprocity

MICHIGAN 2018

  • Permit Honored
  • Permit not honored
  • Issuing state

How Reciprocity Works in Michigan

All CCW permits from other states are honored by Michigan with the exception of Non-resident permits. Michigan will only honor permits issued to residents of the state the permit was issued in. And the person cannot remain in Michigan for longer than 180 days.

Michigan Reciprocity State's

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STATES
Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming

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Residential Permits Only
Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming

Districts & Territories
District of Columbia, New York City, Puerto Rico,

0
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California, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Illinois, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, Oregon, Rhode Island.
Michigan will not honor non-resident permits from any state.
28.422 - Non-residents

Michigan Handgun License

Michigan Gun Policy

Shall Issue

Permit Issued To

Residents
CPL License Overview

A concealed carry license is issued to persons who meet certain requirements. Some of these requirements are that the person has not had any felonies or certain misdemeanors within the last 3 or 8 years with the time being related to the type of charge. An approved course in firearms training is also required to be taken. Applicants will also need to have been a resident of Michigan for at least 6 months before making the application.

The Law
28.425 – CPL licenses

Non-Resident Licenses

Michigan does not issue Non-Resident concealed carry licenses and they will not honor any non-resident licences from other states. There is one exception and that is if you move from another state to Michigan as a permanent resident. If you had a CCW license in another state then Michigan will accept that and waive the six month residency requirement.

The Law
28.425b – Non-resident licenses

Handgun Training

All applicants for a Michigan concealed carry permit are required to take a firearms safety course that has been approved by the state.

REQUIREMENTS

  • Must be at least 21 years old.
  • You have completed an approved firearms training class.
  • You have a valid state-issued driver’s license or personal identification card.
  • Be a legal resident of Michigan and reside in Michigan for at least six months immediately prior to application.
  • You have not been convicted of a violent crime that is a felony.
  • Be a citizen of the United States or an alien lawfully admitted into the United States
  • Not be subject to an order or disposition for any of the following;
    • Involuntary hospitalization or involuntary alternative treatment.
    • Legal incapacitation
    • Personal protection order
    • Bond or conditional release prohibiting purchase or possession of a firearm
    • Finding of not guilty by reason of insanity
  • Not be prohibited from possessing, using, transporting, selling, purchasing, carrying, shipping, receiving, or distributing a firearm under Michigan law.
  • Not be under a court order of legal incapacity in this state or elsewhere.
  • Have not been found guilty but mentally ill of any crime, and has not offered a plea of not guilty of, or been acquitted of, any crime by reason of insanity.
  • Have not been convicted of a misdemeanor violation of any of the following in the three years immediately preceding the date of application and a charge for a misdemeanor violation of any of the following is not pending against the applicant in this state or elsewhere at the time he or she applies for a license: (Long….list on their website)
  • Have not been convicted of a misdemeanor violation of any of the following in the eight years immediately preceding the date of the application and a charge for a misdemeanor violation of any of the following is not pending against the applicant in this state or elsewhere at the time he or she applies for a CPL: (another long….list on their website)
  • Is not currently and has never been subject to an order of involuntary commitment in an inpatient or outpatient setting due to mental illness.
  • Not have a diagnosed mental illness at the time the application is made that includes an assessment that the individual presents a danger to himself or herself or to another, regardless of whether he or she is receiving treatment for that illness.
  • Have never been convicted of a felony in Michigan or elsewhere, and a felony charge against the applicant is not pending in Michigan or elsewhere at the time he or she applies for a CPL.
  • Federal Law – Prohibits the following persons
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Michigan: Places Off-Limits for CCW

michigan state flag
Michigan state flag

Places Off-Limits in Michigan

  • Schools or school property but may carry while in a vehicle on school property while dropping off or picking up if a parent or legal guardian
  • Public or private day care center, public or private child caring agency, or public or private child placing agency
  • Courtroom, office, or other space used for official court business
  • Sports arena or stadium
  • A tavern where the primary source of income is the sale of alcoholic liquor by the glass consumed on the premises
  • Any property or facility owned or operated by a church, synagogue, mosque, temple, or other place of worship
  • An entertainment facility that the individual knows or should know has a seating capacity of 2,500 or more
  • A hospital
  • A dormitory or classroom of a community college, college, or university
  • A Casino
  • Michigan State University, University of Michigan, Wayne State University
  • Any place where the carrying of firearms is prohibited by Federal Law.

Places Allowed in Michigan

  • State parks
  • State and national forests
  • Road side rest areas
  • Vehicle
  • All areas of the state not listed as Off-Limits

Pointers: Michigan Gun Laws

Bill to eliminate CPL license
Carrying a handgun in Michigan

Michigan Concealed Carry Laws

michigan state capitol building
Michigan state capitol building

Michigan Gun Laws To Know

YES/NO – Without a permit
If you do not have a CPL license then you cannot carry a loadedfirearm in any vehicle. Unless the firearm is unloaded and is one or more of the following;

  • Taken down.
  • Enclosed in a case.
  • Carried in the trunk of the vehicle.
  • Inaccessible from the interior of the vehicle.

If you have a CPL license from Michigan then you can carry a loaded and concealed firearm in a vehicle.

The Law
750.227d – Transporting firearm

YES – Must Inform Officer
If you are licensed to carry a concealed handgun and are stopped by the police then Michigan gun laws require you to immediately disclose that you are carrying a concealed weapon on you or in the vehicle. You must carry your permit/license at all times that you are carrying a concealed pistol, as well as your Driver’s License or state-issued ID card.

The Law
28.425f (3)

YES

It is legal to carry in the following areas;

  • State Parks:       YES324.504(6)
  • State/National Forests:     YES324.504(6)
  • State Wildlife Management Areas:     YES324.504(6)
  • Road Side Rest Areas:     YES
NO

“No Weapons” signs are not mentioned in Michigan gun laws. There are no legal penalties for entering a private property or business that has posted these signs. They have no force of law unless they are posted in areas that are mentioned by the law as being off limits.

GunsToCarry recommends that you do not enter a property displaying a “No Weapons” sign whether the law is for or against signage. If asked to leave a property and you refuse to do so then you are breaking the law and put yourself at risk of being charged.

YES – Without a permit
Carrying a handgun without a CPL license in Michigan is legal with a few restrictions.

Without a CPL License

  • You cannot open carry at a business or grocery store that sell’s alcohol.
  • Residents of Michigan can open carry a handgun without a CPL license if the gun is registered to their name.
  • Some areas listed as off limits may not apply to persons who open carry.
  • Non-residents who do not have a CCW license from their home state are not allowed to conceal or open carry.
  • You cannot carry a loaded firearm in a vehicle without a CPL license.
  • A person must be at least 18 years old to open carry.
YES
In Restaurants That Serve Alcohol

“Yes” or “No” states if you can carry in a restaurant that serves alcohol. Some restaurants may be posted with “NO GUN” signs. Check with the staff if this means just the bar area. If we have indicated a “Yes” then it should be legal to have a meal without drinking alcohol.

The Law
28.425o

NO
Michigan does not have constitutional carry.
“Every person has the right to keep and bear arms for the defense of himself and the state”
(Art. I, § 6)
no weapons sign in michigan

Michigan Off-Limit Statutes

Other Michigan CCW Statutes

For information on other states handgun laws please go back to the state laws page and select the state you are interested in.

Other Michigan Gun Laws

Private Sales
To purchase a handgun in Michigan you will need either a purchase license or a concealed carry license and all require a background check. To purchase from a private seller a person must be at least 18 years old with long guns do not requireing a purchase license or background check. Only residents of Michigan are allowed to purchase handguns but non-residents are permitted to purchase long guns (anything over 26 inches long). If you have a valid CPL license then you will not require a purchase license however, you will still need to complete a handgun sales record.

Licensed Dealer
To purchase a handgun from a licensed dealer a person must be at least 21 years old or 18 for long guns.

Purchase licenses
Purchase licenses are issued by the local police or sheriff. The license is valid for 30 days and the purchaser and seller must both sign the license. Copies of the license are required to be returned to the Police within 10 days.

Michigan CCW FAQ's

frequently asked questions on michigan gun laws

Michigan CCW Contact

Michigan State Police Headquarters

Hours


Monday – Friday 9am – 5pm

Saturday Closed

Sunday Closed


Contact


Address 7150 Harris Drive

CityDimondale, Michigan 48821

Phone (517) 284-3700

 

Updates & Data Sources

Disclaimer

The information contained on this page is not legal advice but is merely a starting point for your own research. It is up to you to decide what the best course of action is for your circumstances. We are not lawyers, if you'd like individualized legal advice, we'd be happy to refer you to some law practices with known firearm specializations. It is crucial that you understand the law before you carry a firearm. Also, remember that just because a statute may clearly say one thing or another, that doesn't mean all members of law enforcement know it. That also goes for lawyers and even judges too.

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EmilyAdd MooreMark WagnerbillKat Recent comment authors
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Kat
Guest
Kat

I have a concealed carry license, can I carry a gun that is not registered to me? The gun is registered to a person that does not have a concealed carry license.

Mark Wagner
Guest
Mark Wagner

Yes, as long as the weapon is legal.

Michael Turner
Guest
Michael Turner

do a cpl training certificate expire in Michigan.

Jerry
Guest
Jerry

I am an Illinois resident and I have an Illinois concealed carry permit. Can I carry a concealed pistol when traveling through or vacationing in Michigan? Can I legally open carry?

Emily
Guest
Emily

You can legally conceal carry, following Michigan law with your Illinois CCL while you are vacationing/driving through. Michigan recognizes all concealed carry permits that are issued by the persons home state; so if I lived in Illinois but only had a non resident CCL for another state, it would not be legal for me to carry in Michigan. Because you are an Illinois resident with an Illinois CCL, you can legally carry while you are in Michigan. You just have to remember that Michigan is a duty to inform state, so literally the first thing you have to say upon… Read more »

Ronald D Smith
Guest
Ronald D Smith

Can I open a shotgun semi automatic

Mark
Guest
Mark

Moving from Tn. back to Michigan and i have a Tennessee carry permit,i have heard conflicting stories that yes,i can take the cpl class as soon as I’m a resident there and then I’ve heard no,still need to wait 6 months. Does anyone have an answer to this? Appreciate the info as I don’t want to waste time and money if i have to wait. Thanks in advance

Emily
Guest
Emily

Michigan will wave the 6mo residency requirement when you have a valid CCL from your previous home state.

Mike R
Guest
Mike R

I have a LEOSA card since serving as an MP in the Army. Do I still need a CPL for Michigan? I just moved here. Thanks.

Garry Burroughs
Guest
Garry Burroughs

If John has a cpl and the gun is registered and Joe has a cpl and a registered gun can
Joe carry John gun and John carry Joes?

Jtc
Guest
Jtc

As long as you have Cpl and the gun is legal you can carry it.

Cameron Best
Guest
Cameron Best

As far as I’m aware CPL holders can borrow weapons between each other without issue, but both parties have to have a CPL. You can’t borrow to or from someone without.

Brian
Guest
Brian

I am moving to Michigan from New Jersey …so I should be fine but what will I need to do in Michigan. I have a number of long guns (ar, shotguns, rifles) and also have a handgun. Since my AR is NJ compliant I am almost positive it’s fine in Michigan but are there any “Assault Weapon”… laws I should be aware of? Also do I need a permit for my handgun or anything to transport and take to the range? I have looked around and can not find anything that lays out the requirements for people moving into Michigan… Read more »

Dennis VanHartesvelt
Guest
Dennis VanHartesvelt

No ridiculous AR laws here. Open carry is legal but you need a concealed permit to have a loaded gun in your car.

Cameron Best
Guest
Cameron Best

No assault weapons laws to concern yourself with here, thankfully. As for the handguns, we have a permit to purchase system here. After the process you’re only required to keep your copy for 30 days. You’ll need to contact the state police for more details on transfer from another state, but I imagine it’s a relatively painless process.

Jim Eisel
Guest
Jim Eisel

“assault Weapon” is a political term, not a specific firearms term. Although in some states they have definitions of “assault weapons” that are based upon cosmetic features. There is no Michigan State laws that prohibit ownership of any long guns except “machine guns” or fully automatic firearms of any kind. AR platform rifles are therefore not regulated or prohibited, not yet anyway.

Drayton
Guest
Drayton

I am 18 years old but would like to OPEN carry a pistol, the only way for me to carry a pistol would be if I was gifted the pistol and it was then put in my name and registered. is this correct? Also do i need any other form of identification on me besides my ID?

Tom
Guest
Tom

you can purchase a pistol from an individual ( non-dealer person) at the age of 18. You may register a handgun in your own name as well if you are 18. As far as ID, all you will need is a Michigan ID, like a drivers license or state issued ID.

Gary Slawter
Guest
Gary Slawter

Can I open Carry riding my Motorcycle with no Permit!?

Him
Guest
Him

No, you’re still considered in a motor vehicle.

bill
Guest
bill

actually you can open carry on a motorcycle without a permit but if for some reason your shirt blows over it while riding then its considered concealed i ask the same questions before i got mine and that is the answer that was given to me by local and state police that was a few years ago i dont believe the law has changed but not sure for sure

Mark Wagner
Guest
Mark Wagner

Him is correct here.

Monica
Guest
Monica

I hold a FOID card from Illinois and just recently moved to Michigan.
We do have a handgun in the home, what steps do I need to take to be in compliance with the state law?

Kris
Guest
Kris

No, you are fine. FOID cards are a joke to us here – you can own your firearm in your home. Just be sure to register it with the state as mentioned above

Ryan Buikema
Guest
Ryan Buikema

Can I conceal/carry a BB pistol legally?

Zac Tepfer
Guest
Zac Tepfer

You’re a fucking idiot.

Van
Guest
Van

I am from MO and we do not have to have a permit to carry open or concealed. I do not have a permit and I am coming to MI in 2 weeks to do some hiking. Am I allowed to carry my pistol open or concealed? It seems a bit hazy in the laws there when it comes to states that do not require a permit. It looks like there is a small blurb that says “no” if I do not have a CCW or CPL from my state. I just want to be compliant with the laws in… Read more »

bob
Guest
bob

if you dont have a cpl in michigan you have to and can open carry its legal to open carry without a permit in mi as long as the gun is registered to you but if your here from out of state idk i think that something you should call the sheriiffs department for

Larry
Guest
Larry

NO! Michigan’s open carry without a permit clearly states, non-resident visitors from other states who do not have a permit from their state are not allowed to carry a weapon concealed or open carry. Only Michigan residents are lawfully allowed to open carry without a permit. Found this on the reciprocity map, selected Michigan state and read the open carry law information block.

Dennis VanHartesvelt
Guest
Dennis VanHartesvelt

Open carry is legal in most places. If you have a loaded gun in your car you must have a concealed permit.

Fitzgerald
Guest
Fitzgerald

Question: if I leaving a party and I get stopped by the police for
A moving violation and I have alcohol in the back of my van in the hatch or I guess you say liftgate the minivan and I am a cpl holder and my weapon is under my front seat is that illegal

Larry
Guest
Larry

Which state are you in; different states have different laws. If I understand your question correctly, leaving a party with alcohol in the vehicle, weapon under seat & have a permit; nothing wrong there, as long as you are under your state’s BAC level, no opened container of alcohol in the vehicle & you follow your state’s requirements to disclose or not. Use reciprocity map, select your state and find the info box about alcohol and carrying

bob
Guest
bob

do you have to inform a leo that you have a firearm in the trunk if you dont have a cpl

Larry
Guest
Larry

Use reciprocity map select your state & read the more information box about having to inform police or not, different states vary in that law.

Tom
Guest
Tom

No..if you have your firearm in the trunk you are under authority of the gun control act of 1968 and are in transport mode. It has nothing to do with a CPL. If they ask…be honest 🙂

Courtney
Guest
Courtney

My question is am i allowed to carry concealed while waiting the 45 day period for my cpl card after i competed all the steps

Armondo
Guest
Armondo

No

Albert
Guest
Albert

Hello so I have a question if I don’t have a cww permit or anything like that can I carry a handgun loaded if I’m walking down the street and a holster on my side or does the pistol have to be unloaded?

bob
Guest
bob

you can carry loaded with or without a cpl as long as the firearm is registered to you theres no law in michigan that says it has to be unloaded for open carry to me its plain stupid to carry an unloaded gun the bad guys not gonna give you time to load up

2A Advocate
Guest
2A Advocate

Hi! As a lifelong resident of Michigan, CPL holder for 18 years, and very active member of Michigan gun rights groups, I need to correct several errors on this Michigan page. 1. First, under your “(Concealed Carry) Places off limits in Michigan” section you state: “Any property or facility owned or operated by a church, synagogue, mosque, temple, or other place of worship.” Please refer to MCL 28.425.0, which states that you CAN, in fact, conceal carry with permission: “Any property or facility owned or operated by a church, synagogue, mosque, temple, or other place of worship, unless the presiding… Read more »

2A Advocate
Guest
2A Advocate

Actually, just reread what you wrote about disclosure and I misread it. It was just written kind of wonky. You do indicate that you must disclose if you are carrying. 🙂

Chris Ringler
Guest
Chris Ringler

I have a concealed carry permit from Florida and will be in Michigan for a couple months. 1.) can I open carry here or only concealed like Florida ? 2) can I travel with my weapon loaded in my car ? Thanks

Mark
Guest
Mark

It says 45 days to get the license, how long will it really take? Is there a web site to check on the status of the application?