MICHIGAN GUN LAWS

Facts and Info for 2018


Want to know more about Michigan gun laws?

Then you are in the right place. If you are looking for some up to date information we have it here.
Keep reading...

michigan state seal

Michigan gun laws operate on a “Shall Issue” policy at the local level. To purchase handguns privately a purchase permit, background checks and firearm registration is required. Only residents are allowed to purchase handguns with non-residents being allowed to purchase long guns. Concealed carry permits require a firearms training course that has been state approved. There are exemptions for non-residents who are in the military, have a Michigan driver's license or are registered to vote in Michigan.

Michigan CCW Quick Facts

Carry In Vehicle SEE DETAILS
Must Notify Officer YES
Carry In State Parks Allowed YES
No Weapons Signs Enforced NO
Open Carry Permitted SEE DETAILS
Carry In Restaurant YES
Constitutional Carry NO
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Michigan CCW Reciprocity

MICHIGAN 2018

  • Permit Honored
  • Permit not honored
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How Reciprocity Works in Michigan

All CCW permits from other states are honored by Michigan with the exception of Non-resident permits. Michigan will only honor permits issued to residents of the state the permit was issued in. And the person cannot remain in Michigan for longer than 180 days.

Michigan Reciprocity State's

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STATES
Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming

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Residential Permits Only
Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming

Districts & Territories
District of Columbia, New York City, Puerto Rico,

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California, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Illinois, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, Oregon, Rhode Island.
Michigan will not honor non-resident permits from any state.
28.422 - Non-residents

Michigan Handgun License

Michigan Gun Policy

Shall Issue

Permit Issued To

Residents
CPL License Overview

A concealed carry license is issued to persons who meet certain requirements. Some of these requirements are that the person has not had any felonies or certain misdemeanors within the last 3 or 8 years with the time being related to the type of charge. An approved course in firearms training is also required to be taken. Applicants will also need to have been a resident of Michigan for at least 6 months before making the application.

The Law
28.425 – CPL licenses

Non-Resident Licenses

Michigan does not issue Non-Resident concealed carry licenses and they will not honor any non-resident licences from other states. There is one exception and that is if you move from another state to Michigan as a permanent resident. If you had a CCW license in another state then Michigan will accept that and waive the six month residency requirement.

The Law
28.425b – Non-resident licenses

Handgun Training

All applicants for a Michigan concealed carry permit are required to take a firearms safety course that has been approved by the state.

REQUIREMENTS

  • Must be at least 21 years old.
  • You have completed an approved firearms training class.
  • You have a valid state-issued driver’s license or personal identification card.
  • Be a legal resident of Michigan and reside in Michigan for at least six months immediately prior to application.
  • You have not been convicted of a violent crime that is a felony.
  • Be a citizen of the United States or an alien lawfully admitted into the United States
  • Not be subject to an order or disposition for any of the following;
    • Involuntary hospitalization or involuntary alternative treatment.
    • Legal incapacitation
    • Personal protection order
    • Bond or conditional release prohibiting purchase or possession of a firearm
    • Finding of not guilty by reason of insanity
  • Not be prohibited from possessing, using, transporting, selling, purchasing, carrying, shipping, receiving, or distributing a firearm under Michigan law.
  • Not be under a court order of legal incapacity in this state or elsewhere.
  • Have not been found guilty but mentally ill of any crime, and has not offered a plea of not guilty of, or been acquitted of, any crime by reason of insanity.
  • Have not been convicted of a misdemeanor violation of any of the following in the three years immediately preceding the date of application and a charge for a misdemeanor violation of any of the following is not pending against the applicant in this state or elsewhere at the time he or she applies for a license: (Long….list on their website)
  • Have not been convicted of a misdemeanor violation of any of the following in the eight years immediately preceding the date of the application and a charge for a misdemeanor violation of any of the following is not pending against the applicant in this state or elsewhere at the time he or she applies for a CPL: (another long….list on their website)
  • Is not currently and has never been subject to an order of involuntary commitment in an inpatient or outpatient setting due to mental illness.
  • Not have a diagnosed mental illness at the time the application is made that includes an assessment that the individual presents a danger to himself or herself or to another, regardless of whether he or she is receiving treatment for that illness.
  • Have never been convicted of a felony in Michigan or elsewhere, and a felony charge against the applicant is not pending in Michigan or elsewhere at the time he or she applies for a CPL.
  • Federal Law – Prohibits the following persons
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Michigan: Places Off-Limits for CCW

michigan state flag
Michigan state flag

Places Off-Limits in Michigan

  • Schools or school property but may carry while in a vehicle on school property while dropping off or picking up if a parent or legal guardian
  • Public or private day care center, public or private child caring agency, or public or private child placing agency
  • Courtroom, office, or other space used for official court business
  • Sports arena or stadium
  • A tavern where the primary source of income is the sale of alcoholic liquor by the glass consumed on the premises
  • Any property or facility owned or operated by a church, synagogue, mosque, temple, or other place of worship
  • An entertainment facility that the individual knows or should know has a seating capacity of 2,500 or more
  • A hospital
  • A dormitory or classroom of a community college, college, or university
  • A Casino
  • Michigan State University, University of Michigan, Wayne State University
  • Any place where the carrying of firearms is prohibited by Federal Law.

Places Allowed in Michigan

  • State parks
  • State and national forests
  • Road side rest areas
  • Vehicle
  • All areas of the state not listed as Off-Limits

Pointers: Michigan Gun Laws

Bill to eliminate CPL license
Carrying a handgun in Michigan

Michigan Concealed Carry Laws

michigan state capitol building
Michigan state capitol building

Michigan Gun Laws To Know

YES/NO – Without a permit
If you do not have a CPL license then you cannot carry a loadedfirearm in any vehicle. Unless the firearm is unloaded and is one or more of the following;

  • Taken down.
  • Enclosed in a case.
  • Carried in the trunk of the vehicle.
  • Inaccessible from the interior of the vehicle.

If you have a CPL license from Michigan then you can carry a loaded and concealed firearm in a vehicle.

The Law
750.227d – Transporting firearm

YES – Must Inform Officer
If you are licensed to carry a concealed handgun and are stopped by the police then Michigan gun laws require you to immediately disclose that you are carrying a concealed weapon on you or in the vehicle. You must carry your permit/license at all times that you are carrying a concealed pistol, as well as your Driver’s License or state-issued ID card.

The Law
28.425f (3)

YES

It is legal to carry in the following areas;

  • State Parks:       YES324.504(6)
  • State/National Forests:     YES324.504(6)
  • State Wildlife Management Areas:     YES324.504(6)
  • Road Side Rest Areas:     YES
NO

“No Weapons” signs are not mentioned in Michigan gun laws. There are no legal penalties for entering a private property or business that has posted these signs. They have no force of law unless they are posted in areas that are mentioned by the law as being off limits.

GunsToCarry recommends that you do not enter a property displaying a “No Weapons” sign whether the law is for or against signage. If asked to leave a property and you refuse to do so then you are breaking the law and put yourself at risk of being charged.

YES – Without a permit
Carrying a handgun without a CPL license in Michigan is legal with a few restrictions.

Without a CPL License

  • You cannot open carry at a business or grocery store that sell’s alcohol.
  • Residents of Michigan can open carry a handgun without a CPL license if the gun is registered to their name.
  • Some areas listed as off limits may not apply to persons who open carry.
  • Non-residents who do not have a CCW license from their home state are not allowed to conceal or open carry.
  • You cannot carry a loaded firearm in a vehicle without a CPL license.
  • A person must be at least 18 years old to open carry.
YES
In Restaurants That Serve Alcohol

“Yes” or “No” states if you can carry in a restaurant that serves alcohol. Some restaurants may be posted with “NO GUN” signs. Check with the staff if this means just the bar area. If we have indicated a “Yes” then it should be legal to have a meal without drinking alcohol.

The Law
28.425o

NO
Michigan does not have constitutional carry.
“Every person has the right to keep and bear arms for the defense of himself and the state”
(Art. I, § 6)
no weapons sign in michigan

Michigan Off-Limit Statutes

Other Michigan CCW Statutes

For information on other states handgun laws please go back to the state laws page and select the state you are interested in.

Other Michigan Gun Laws

Private Sales
To purchase a handgun in Michigan you will need either a purchase license or a concealed carry license and all require a background check. To purchase from a private seller a person must be at least 18 years old with long guns do not requireing a purchase license or background check. Only residents of Michigan are allowed to purchase handguns but non-residents are permitted to purchase long guns (anything over 26 inches long). If you have a valid CPL license then you will not require a purchase license however, you will still need to complete a handgun sales record.

Licensed Dealer
To purchase a handgun from a licensed dealer a person must be at least 21 years old or 18 for long guns.

Purchase licenses
Purchase licenses are issued by the local police or sheriff. The license is valid for 30 days and the purchaser and seller must both sign the license. Copies of the license are required to be returned to the Police within 10 days.

Michigan CCW FAQ's

frequently asked questions on michigan gun laws

Michigan CCW Contact

Michigan State Police Headquarters

Hours


Monday – Friday 9am – 5pm

Saturday Closed

Sunday Closed


Contact


Address 7150 Harris Drive

CityDimondale, Michigan 48821

Phone (517) 284-3700

 

Updates & Data Sources

Disclaimer

The information contained on this page is not legal advice but is merely a starting point for your own research. It is up to you to decide what the best course of action is for your circumstances. We are not lawyers, if you'd like individualized legal advice, we'd be happy to refer you to some law practices with known firearm specializations. It is crucial that you understand the law before you carry a firearm. Also, remember that just because a statute may clearly say one thing or another, that doesn't mean all members of law enforcement know it. That also goes for lawyers and even judges too.

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Jim
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Jim

So if I am understanding properly a CPL holder can technically open carry in gun free zone??

Grams
Guest
Grams

Hi i was walking to the store and my neighbor house was broken in too the suspects shoot at me 7 times but did hit me and i shoot at the ground to scare them BUT the police took my firearm away from me and havent call me to pick it up…
Is register in my name and it have a clean serial number
What can i do?

Joe Door
Guest
Joe Door

Contact the D.A. . Never fire warning shots .

Zeth
Guest
Zeth

Hi im 18 I recently purchased a long gun in the state of GA I was wondering if I was able to take it to MI?

Joe Door
Guest
Joe Door

Yes .

Joseph Vago
Guest
Joseph Vago

Can CPL holder carry/transport loaded long guns in a vehicle- Michigan.

Trista
Guest
Trista

what is the difference between a concealed handgun permit and a cpl?

Zeth
Guest
Zeth

It’s the same thing. CPL = concealed pistol license. Handgun = pistol.

M Harmon
Guest
M Harmon

I am a Michigan expat now living in Arizona with Concealed Carry and travel back to Michigan often. I normally travel with my handgun in my checked baggage, which is getting more and more difficult. Can I leagally leave one of my handguns in my brothers safe to use while in Michigan rather than bring it with me?

Ron
Guest
Ron

If I build a 80% lower and put a pistol brace and say a 10.5 upper. Does it need to be registered. And can it be carried legal.

Shannon Nachtmann
Guest
Shannon Nachtmann

A lower by itself does not need to be registered, until you assemble it into a pistol. Once assembled into a pistol it needs to be registered. I asked state police if I change my upper between multiple calibers how that’s handled. They recommended registering it as the caliber upon the first build and unless I intend to change the caliber consistently long term I would not need to re-register it. If I was found in possession of an ar type pistol where the caliber did not match to the serial number registered, they would investigate the anomaly and upon… Read more »

Quentin
Guest
Quentin

I live in Michigan and was recently attacked, robbed at knife point, beaten by 3 men and hospitalized for my injuries. I have never been interested in carrying one of my firearms (for personal protection) until now. I have Epilepsy and was wondering if that prevents me from getting my CPL? I have no felony or misdemeanor charges (never ever have), no depression, nothing preventing me from purchasing firearms etc.

R.ROGERS
Guest
R.ROGERS

I know Kentucky offers a papertest only for veterans with training on pistols during active duty. To get their CCW or CCDW /CPL IN MICHIGAN TERMS. does Michigan also have this?

Randy Stiver
Guest
Randy Stiver

I’m looking to purchase a hand gun for a gift to my 21 year old daughter from a license dealer how do I purchase and gift it to her legally?

joo
Guest
joo

if she is your bio child then you may buy and give to her.

Adam
Guest
Adam

The person buying the firearm is the one that it is registered too. Easiest thing to do is buy the firearm, and after you gift it to her, have it transferred to her name by a licensed FFL dealer.

Latonya
Guest
Latonya

I own a few hand guns but dont have my ccw yet am i allowed to carry for my protection i live alone and sometimes get home late and live in a neighborhood that is sometimes dangerous so can i carry my gun around with me daily its registered to me.

Ashley Patterson mma
Guest
Ashley Patterson mma

Same here.. But iam not getting a cpl in fact we shouldn’t have too.

Mike Dee
Guest
Mike Dee

Ashley… There are a few states where you don’t need a CPL to carry concealed. Many of us who support the 2nd amendment and the way it’s written, would say you’re right… that we shouldn’t need a permit or license. However, practicing your belief of how things “Should be” probably won’t stop you from being arrested if you’re caught. We could probably change the laws with enough people VOTING to change the laws. Until then, I’ll keep renewing my CPL and enjoy my freedoms. (Restricted though they may be…)

Mike Dee
Guest
Mike Dee

Michigan allows “Open Carry” without a CPL… Google it to find the details and restrictions.

Willis
Guest
Willis

Love to no the answer

Adolph Knigg
Guest
Adolph Knigg

There Michigan state of USA has allowed its citizen to carry gun on different purpose and occasions such as during vehicle driving, outdoor servicing, restaurants etc. However, the person must have the legal documents and gun license which depicts that he or she is allowed to carry the gun for the certain period of time. https://cedarcreektacticalarms.com/

Bob
Guest
Bob

Hi, I am an Indiana resident with a lifetime carry permit which is recognized in MI. I am planning on retiring soon and we plan on selling our IN house and moving to our cottage in MI. Will the Indiana permit still be valid in MI? I know people have permits from many different states so as to be able to carry most everywhere.

Melissa Flick
Guest
Melissa Flick

You cannot live in Michigan and have an out of state permit. You must get a Michigan CPL.

Bob
Guest
Bob

Thank you.

Don
Guest
Don

A michigan resident can hold an out of state CPL but will also need to obtain a michigan CPL to conceal carry in Michigan. There are a few benefits from holding an out of state CPL 8f you would like to learn more about it look up MOC (Michigan Open Carry) and read the FAQ’s and MSP updates. You can also Google 28.432 which is The inapplicability of 28.422 section (f) specifically.

Bob
Guest
Bob

Great info. Thank you.

Brice Rood
Guest
Brice Rood

Hi! I’m 18, i’m enlisted in the USMC , and I would like to purchase/own a revolver, how would i go about legally obtaining one? Thanks!

deryk
Guest
deryk

go to your local police dept.,ask for a permit to buy.they will do a background check and if all is good, you will receive it.You will then have 10 days i believe to go purchase one.

Mike Dee
Guest
Mike Dee

It’s generally 21 yrs old to buy a hand gun. I don’t know if there’s a different rule for active military. Thank you for your service. I’m a veteran myself.

Dave
Guest
Dave

Sorry I dont know how this showed up as Richard here is the correct info.Hello Guys! I just want to inform you about our CPL Class in Mt Pleasant on Dec 8th. The Class is at Black Creek Conservation Club. If your interested you can see all the CPL Class information at http://www.kingsmenpsc.com

Richard
Guest
Richard

Hello Guys! I just want to inform you about our CPL Class in Mt Pleasant on Dec 8th. The Class is at Black Creek Conservation Club. If your interested you can see all the CPL Class information at http://www.kingsmenpsc.com

Scot
Guest
Scot

Is it possible to obtain a cpl in MI if I take a WI CPL class ? I live in Upper MI & work a weekend shift so finding a class that is held during the week has not been easy. I ask this because I’ve found a class next week in Pound WI

Adrian
Guest
Adrian

Short answer is no. As a former WI resident my cpl training would not transfer. Wisconsin only requires 4hrs and Michigan requires 8 hours of in class study.

Shannon Nachtmann
Guest
Shannon Nachtmann

This post is 2 months old, so I assume you resolved this by now… but for the benefit of others with similar question- I recently moved from WI to MI and found the same, the class did not qualify. That’s not to say a class taught in WI can’t qualify, but in order to it would need to include all the requirements of MI law, and it’s not likely someone is teaching a class that covers all that. If you did find a class that did, I still think it’s likely they will try to reject it anyway and make… Read more »

Scot
Guest
Scot

I am a resident of upper MI & I’ve found a concealed carry class in Pound WI next week, my question is will this certificate work for me being a MI resident. I can not find any definitive answer on this subject & would rather not waste my time & money if it’s not feasible.

Jason
Guest
Jason

I’m trying to look up the Michigan law but having trouble finding it. Can someone help regarding defensive display of a firearm? Are you allowed to verbalize and/or show and/or draw for a defensive purpose only even if imminent threat is not present at that moment.

Shannon Nachtmann
Guest
Shannon Nachtmann

Michigan does have a brandishing law. Be careful with this, but if you reasonably have cause for brandishing a weapon for defense and end up not firing a round you should be fine… but it’s a gray area that possibly could go either way depending on the county attorney. Remember what one believes is reasonable another might not.

Dave
Guest
Dave

Hello all, Just putting it out there if anyone is looking to take a CPL Class. Kingsmenpsc has classes scheduled for Mt,Pleasant and Onondaga just outside of Lansing MI. You can learn more about CPL Classes at http://www.kingsmenpsc.com