New Mexico Gun Laws

Complete guide to gun laws in New Mexico

Updated February 19, 2020

Updated December 4, 2019

 

Your guide
mark woodward

Mark Woodward

Mark Woodward

New Mexico is a "Shall Issue" state with concealed carry licenses issued to residents only. The gun laws compared to other states ar fairly liberal and allow a person from another state to transfer their handgun license into a New Mexico license if the concealed carry laws in the other state are similar to New Mexico's. Open carry is common and legal without a carry license, you only need a license to conceal carry.


Your guide
Image

Mark Woodward

New Mexico is a "Shall Issue" state with concealed carry licenses issued to residents only. The gun laws compared to other states ar fairly liberal and allow a person from another state to transfer their handgun license into a New Mexico license if the concealed carry laws in the other state are similar to New Mexico's. Open carry is common and legal without a carry license, you only need a license to conceal carry.

New Mexico is a "Shall Issue" state with concealed carry licenses issued to residents only. The gun laws compared to other states ar fairly liberal and allow a person from another state to transfer their handgun license into a New Mexico license if the concealed carry laws in the other state are similar to New Mexico's. Open carry is common and legal without a carry license, you only need a license to conceal carry.

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Quick facts

Carry In Vehicle YES
Must Notify Officer NO
State Park Carry YES
Gun Signs Enforced YES
Open Carry YES
Restaurant Carry YES
Constitutional Carry NO
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See Details

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total active ccw
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licenses in NM
States honoring
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NM license
CCW licenses
0
NM honors
States not
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honoring NM license

New Mexico Reciprocity Map

  • Issuing State
  • NM license honored
  • NM license not honored
  • Issuing State
  • NM license honored
  • NM license not honored

New Mexico reciprocity guide for handgun licenses

New Mexico will honor another states permit if it meets certain conditions set out in section 29.19.12 - Reciprocal Agreements. This statute can be viewed in the laws section of this page but basically it requires the other states requirements for a concealed handgun license to be substantially similar to New Mexico's or more stringent. This statute also has other requirements which we have not listed here, they can be viewed in the laws section if necessary. Currently there are 24 states that meet New Mexico's conditions for their concealed handgun license to be honored in NM.

A full list of states with reciprocity agreements with New Mexico is maintained on the NM Department of Public Safety website.

States that will honor a New Mexico handgun license
0
states

Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming

Handgun licenses New Mexico will honor
0
states

Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Idaho, Kansas, Louisiana, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, Nevada, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia, Wyoming

States that will not honor a New Mexico handgun license
0
states

California, Connecticut, Georgia, Hawaii, Illinois, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New Hampshire, New York, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Washington.

District
Washington D.C.

Overview of the New Mexico concealed handgun license

new mexico state flag
New Mexico state flag
  • Issue policy - Shall Issue
  • Issued to - Residents
  • License Fee - $100
  • License Valid - 4 years

Handgun Permit Overview

The New Mexico concealed carry license is only required if you want to conceal a firearm on your person. It is legal to open carry a handgun without a license. They are issued for a period of 4 years and as NM is a Shall Issue state the license is easy to obtain if you meet all the requirements. If the license is revoked then the licensee must wait for a period of 2 years before they can apply for a new license.

Non-Resident Licenses

New Mexico does not issue concealed carry licenses to Non-Residents but they will make exceptions for military personel and their dependants if they are stationed in New Mexico. They also have a law which allows an out of state license to be transferred into a New Mexico license. The application for transfer is made as a renewal application and the applicant will need to provide the following documentation;
  • proof of citizenship
  • proof of residency
  • proof of age
  • a photocopy of the license that is being transferred

10.8.2.17 - License Transfer and renewal

Handgun Training

Completion of a training course is required for new license applications and renewals. The renewal course can be taken online and is just a refresher course that takes roughly 2 hours to complete. The initial new application course must be sponsored a college, state or federal law enforcement agency, a firearms training school or a organization that is reconized nationally and approved by the MN Detartment of health and Safety.

The course must be at least 15 hours long and provide instruction in the following areas;

  1. Safe handling and knowledge of single doubl action revolvers semi automatic handguns.
  2. Storage and child safety.
  3. Handgun shooting basics
  4. Firing range practice.
  5. How to maintain handgun skills
  6. Laws relating to ownership, purchase and transporting handguns.
  7. Ways to avoid an attack.
  8. Non-violent dispute resolution.

The state website maintains a list of certified instructors.


Requirements to qualify for a New Mexico handgun license

  • Must be 21 years of age or older.
  • A citizen of the United States.
  • Complete a firearms training course.
  • A resident of New Mexico or is a member of the armed forces whose permanent duty station is located in New Mexico.
  • You are not a fugitive from justice.
  • You have not been convicted of a felony in New Mexico or any other state or pursuant to the laws of the United States or any other jurisdiction.
  • You are not currently under indictment for a felony criminal offense in New Mexico or any other state or pursuant to the laws of the United States or any other jurisdiction.
  • You are not otherwise prohibited by federal law or the law of any other jurisdiction from purchasing or possessing a firearm.
  • You have not been adjudicated mentally incompetent or committed to a mental institution.
  • You are not addicted to alcohol or controlled substances.
  • You have satisfactorily completed a firearms training course.
  • You have not received a;
  1. conditional discharge, a diversion or a deferment or been convicted of, pled guilty to or entered a plea of nolo contendere to a misdemeanor offense involving a crime of violence within the ten year period preceding application;
  2. been convicted of a misdemeanor offense involving driving while under the influence of intoxicating liquor or drugs within five years immediately preceding the application for a concealed handgun license;
  3. been convicted within the ten year period preceding application of a misdemeanor offense involving the possession or abuse of a controlled substance; or
  4. been convicted of a misdemeanor offense involving assault, battery or battery against a household member.
  • Federal Law - Prohibits the following persons

  • How to apply for a New Mexico handgun license

    Follow these steps to obtain a permit

      1. Complete a firearms training course.
      2. Go to your local Police or Sheriff to get fingerprinted
      3. Gather all the documents required;
        • Two fingerprint cards
        • Certified original copy of your birth certificate, must be issued by vital statistics
          in the state in which you were born, no photocopies,
        • Copy of certificate of completion of firearms training,
        • Copy of New Mexico Driver’s License or Identification Card,
        • Release forms and any other supporting documentation.
      4. Send your application and supporting documents to;

    NM Department of Public Safety
    SID/Concealed Carry Unit
    6301 Indian School Rd. NE Suite 310
    Albuquerque, NM 87110

    You will be notified by mail if your application has been approved.

    new mexico handgun license

    How to renew your New Mexico handgun license

    • A New Mexico handgun license can be renewed 60 days before or 60 days after the expiry date.
    • If the license has expired then the licensee cannot carry a concealed handgun until the license is renewed.
    • A firearms refresher course will need to be completed, this can be done online.
    • Fingerprints will need to be supplied if they are not already on file with the Department of Public Safety.
    • Government photo ID will need to be supplied such as a New Mexico drivers license.
    • Use the same form that is used for new applications, just tick the renewal box on it.

    Schedule of fee's for a New Mexico handgun license

    Application Conditions Original Renewal
    Individual $100 (includes $56 fee + $44 fingerprint fee) $75
    Instructor $44 (for fingerprints) $0
    Duplicate/Modification $10

    Essential forms for a New Mexico handgun license

    texas ccw forms

    Download the required application form, you will find the application at the end of the document which mainly consists of an overview of the laws in the first section. This form is also used for license renewals. Other forms included in the application package are; Authorization for Health Information, Authorization for Release of Information, and a Replacment Application.

    Days to process
    0
    new license

    Off-limit places in New Mexico for carrying a firearm

    Image Image

    Places listed as off limits apply even if you have a New Mexico license to carry.

    Note: New Mexico law states that a person may only carry ONE CONCEALED handgun at a time. You are permited to carry more than one handgun but only one can be concealed on your person. This law does not apply to handguns carried in vehicles.

    Off-limits

    • Public schools, colleges and universities, except in a vehicle if older than 19
    • Preschools
    • Law enforcement agency facilities
    • Courts, any State, County, Municipal or Tribal Court
    • State wild life management areas
    • Tribal land
    • Public buses
    • Airport security zones
    • On private property where the owner has posted signs indicating that you may not carry or if the owner tells you that you cannot
    • Any place where the carrying of firearms is prohibited by Federal Law.

    Allowed

    • State parks
    • State and national forests
    • Road side rest areas
    • Vehicle
    • All areas of the state - excluding those listed as off limits

    New Mexico gun laws & statutes

    maryland state capitol building
    New Mexico state capitol building

    Summary table

    Subject Handguns Long Guns Notes
    Carry permit required Yes* No *You only need a permit to conceal carry, open carry is legal with no permit. Policy is Shall Issue but operates as a limited Unrestricted state.
    Purchase permit required No No
    Registration of firearm No No
    Open carry allowed Yes Yes No permit required.
    Background checks on private gun sales required No No
    Magazine size restriction No No

    Rating of gun laws

    Rates how friendly New Mexico gun laws are compared to other states.
    Good

    New Mexico gun laws you need to know

    Vehicle carry

    (With no pistol license)

    YES
    If you are not prohibited from possessing a firearm then the law in New Mexico allows a loaded, concealed firearm to be carried in a vehicle (includes motorcyles and bicycles) without a license to carry. When you exit the vehicle you cannot have the firearm concealed on your person, unless you have a license for that. 30.7.2 NMSA 1978

    Open carry

    (With no pistol license)

    YES

    Open carry without a license is legal and common in New Mexico.  There is full state premption on gun laws so no local authorities can stop a person from open carry. However, you will need a license to carry in liquor stores. The places listed in our off-limits section also apply to open carry.

    The minimum age for a person to open carry is 19.

    Must inform officer

    (On contact by law)

    NO

    There is no requirement in New mexico to inform law enforcement you are carrying a concealed firearm. The law does require you to have your license on you at all times when you are carrying a concealed firearm and to display that license to law enforcement if requested to do so.

    29.19.9 Possession of license
    10.8.2.16 D - Display of license

    State park carry

    NO
    It is illegal to carry in the following areas;
    • State Parks: YES - Admin code 19.5.2.21
    • State/National Forests: YES
    • State Wildlife Management Areas: NO - 17.2.12
    • Road Side Rest Areas:  YES

    No gun signs enforced

    YES

    No gun signs in New Mexico have the force of law. If posted they apply to private property and licensed liquor establishements.

    10.8.2.16 - Carry on private property
    30.7.3 - Carry in liquor establishments

    Restaurant carry

    YES

    It is legal to carry into a restuarant that only sells wine or beer and gets more than 60% of its annual receipts from the sale of food. If the restuarant has posted a "NO WEAPONS" sign then you will not be able to enter the premises. Also note that the law states "Wine or Beer" so it becomes illegal if you enter a restaurant that sells hard liquor.

    30.7.3 (A)(4)(b)

    Constitutional carry

    NO

    New Mexico does not have constitutional carry.

    No law shall abridge the right of the citizen to keep and bear arms for security and defense, for lawful hunting and recreational use and for other lawful purposes, but nothing herein shall be held to permit the carrying of concealed weapons. No municipality or county shall regulate, in any way, an incident of the right to keep and bear arms.
    Article II, section 6

    Off-limit statutes


    Other CCW statutes


    New Mexico licensing office

    Image
    New applications and renewals can be mailed to the address below or taken directly to the office.

    New Mexico Department of Public Safety
    Concealed Handgun Carry Unit

    Contact


    Address 6301 Indian School Rd NE Ste. 310

    CityAlbuquerque, NM 87110

    Phone (505) 841 -8053

    Email NMCC.Questions@state.nm.us

    Hours


    Monday – Friday 7am – 5pm

    Saturday Closed

    Sunday Closed


    Frequently asked questions on New Mexico gun laws


    The research

    Disclaimer

    The information contained on this page is not legal advice but is merely a starting point for your own research. It is up to you to decide what the best course of action is for your circumstances. We are not lawyers, if you'd like individualized legal advice, we'd be happy to refer you to some law practices with known firearm specializations. It is crucial that you understand the law before you carry a firearm. Also, remember that just because a statute may clearly say one thing or another, that doesn't mean all members of law enforcement know it. That also goes for lawyers and even judges too.

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    KevinJacob FriedenModzBrendan BryantAngel Barraza Recent comment authors
    Jacob Frieden
    Guest
    Jacob Frieden

    Private sales now require a background check in New Mexico, please update.

    Kevin
    Guest
    Kevin

    You should always expect a background check

    Darlene Lee
    Guest
    Darlene Lee

    Is there any restriction to caliber in NM?

    Carlos Renteria
    Guest
    Carlos Renteria

    I’m 19 so I can legally own a handgun right if so where would I buy one

    Mark Snapple
    Guest
    Mark Snapple

    If you don’t know where to purchase one, maybe you shouldn’t buy one. Safely operating a firearm is more complex than finding where to buy one, so perhaps you should consider keeping society safer by not purchasing a firearm. Society thanks you!

    Angel Barraza
    Guest
    Angel Barraza

    Stfu asshole

    Brendan Bryant
    Guest
    Brendan Bryant

    I’m 17 I can kick you in the nuts for being stupid.

    Brendan Bryant
    Guest
    Brendan Bryant

    You have to be 21 to own a pistol

    Debrah Apodaca
    Guest
    Debrah Apodaca

    Can you be in possession of a firearm registered to someone else and can you be charged for possessing one?

    Modz
    Guest
    Modz

    Firearms aren’t registered in New Mexico. As long as you are legally able to own a gun (i.e. no felony record, etc.) and you are carrying legally (concealed carry with a permit only, not in bars or restricted areas, etc.), and it’s not stolen or being used in a crime, then you certainly can be in possession of a firearm.

    Christina
    Guest
    Christina

    If I have a gun in my car and go where signs are posted not allowing firearms, is it legal to leave the gun in my car?

    Modz
    Guest
    Modz

    No.

    Marsha
    Guest
    Marsha

    I just pulled into NM a lot of people are telling me I cannot carry or conceal in this state. I do have my CCW from AZ I am also an armed security guard what is the issue with this ?

    Al l
    Guest
    Al l

    AZ and NM have full reciprocity on ccw you are fine.

    Modz
    Guest
    Modz

    The issue with it is that people are misinformed. It’s best to look up the laws for yourself, especially pertaining to reciprocity so you dont inadvertently commit a felony.

    Lee
    Guest
    Lee

    Do I need to have a background check to buy a pre 1890 handgun? They are not considered guns by the feds.

    Snake
    Guest
    Snake

    As far as I know, pre-1890 and black powder arms do not require background checks.

    Mary Zander
    Guest
    Mary Zander

    At a fast food restaurant I saw a guy with a gun. He told me he didn’t need a license to carry,we live new mexico,is this true?

    Sylvia
    Guest
    Sylvia

    Yes, you don’t need a license to OPEN carry.

    Don
    Guest
    Don

    It is true. No license required for a person to carry a gun openly in New Mexico, however; felons are not permitted to own or carry a firearm at all and for anyone to conceal or hide their weapon on themselves outside vehicle or home they must have a concealed carry permit.

    Isaiah
    Guest
    Isaiah

    Yes as long as the weapon is visible/ not concealed

    Modz
    Guest
    Modz

    It’s worth mentioning that if in the off chance the fast food restaurant serves liquor (Chipotle, for one), than no you cannot open carry there. Concealed carry with a permit is still ok.

    William George
    Guest
    William George

    I have a cc in Texas can I open carry on my motorcycle in NM

    Modz
    Guest
    Modz

    Yes you can open carry on or off your motorcycle in NM, since we’re an open carry state. What’s more, your bike is considered an extension of your home, so you can have it concealed on you or your bike. Keep in mind, that as soon as you step off your bike, you are now concealed carrying and need a license. Texas reciprocates with New Mexico, so you’re covered, open carry or concealed.

    Michael Walker
    Guest
    Michael Walker

    I was just told in nm that it’s a class 4 felony to carry in places that sell not serve alcohol (walmart) in Gallup nm. Can someone clarify this I was escorted out of said walmart. They told me that they had a sign but as I walked in 1 door it was not visible it was on the door at the other entrance.

    Michael Walker
    Guest
    Michael Walker

    This is all I could find .It pertains to restaurants

    YES

    It is legal to carry into a restuarant that only sells wine or beer and gets more than 60% of its annual receipts from the sale of food. If the restuarant has posted a “NO WEAPONS” sign then you will not be able to enter the premises. Also note that the law states “Wine or Beer” so it becomes illegal if you enter a restaurant that sells hard liquor.

    Anabel
    Guest
    Anabel

    They say if u can buy the alcohol and consume it some where else like walmart it is ok to open carry

    Darren Tellinghuisen
    Guest
    Darren Tellinghuisen

    In NM, Walmart has posted signs at all locations where they stock alcohol. “No Weapons Allowed on Premises.”

    Lee
    Guest
    Lee

    You can conceal carry in Walmart even with the signs as long as you have a valid ccw

    Adam
    Guest
    Adam

    No! That is incorrect, NM is a Post State… on Private property such as Walmart.. If posted no weapons you cannot carry concealed or open. It is a full misdemeanor to carry if posted. All Walmarts in NM are posted no weapons so carrying concealed or open is illegal.

    Jerry
    Guest
    Jerry

    Read the small print on the WalMart signs… There are ‘exceptions” including Conceal Carry Liscense” in New Mexico

    Modz
    Guest
    Modz

    Correct. It is a misdemeanor to carry if signs are posted, but it is a 4th degree felony to open carry in any place that sells alcohol, so OP should consider himself lucky he wasn’t arrested.

    Doug
    Guest
    Doug

    Wrong! Properly posted signage trumps your CCW every yime

    Don Woods
    Guest
    Don Woods

    I believe the terminology is “sold for consumption on premises.” Meaning a place where you can not only buy but also drink it on that property. If there is a sign on the doors than it is at the establishments discretion. If they don’t want weapons on their property they have the right to make you leave. Also, if no sign is present all they have to do is tell you to leave. As long as you leave no charges can be made

    Modz
    Guest
    Modz

    Carrying of a concealed weapon into a store that sells alcohol for off site consumption is legal, but open carry is not allowed in these locations, and constitutes a 4th Degree Felony.

    Modz
    Guest
    Modz

    Considering you were escorted out, I take it you were open carrying and it is NOT OK to open carry in places that sell liquor of any kind, whether or not it is for consumption there or at home. I think it is a common misconception that you can carry in a package liquor as long as liquor isn’t consumed there. That only goes for conceal carry license holders. YOU CANNOT OPEN CARRY INTO ANY PLACE THAT SELLS ALCOHOL OF ANY TYPE.
    It goes without saying that if signs are posted, you cannot carry a firearm under any circumstance.

    Ric L
    Guest
    Ric L

    Right after the picture of the NM state capitol building…. “Maryland has some strict gun laws”

    What does Maryland have to do with NM?

    DMONICUS
    Guest
    DMONICUS

    I was wondering the SAME THING!

    Anonymous
    Guest
    Anonymous

    Over 10 years ago, I received a petty misdemeanor for battery against a household member. Because the courts were full that day, the DA was making quick plea deals and gave me 12 hours of community service so I took it instead of fighting it. Looking at one of the NM Gun Law requirements on misdemeanors such as mine, it looks like I’m screwed from every obtaining a CCW Permit. Is this true?

    Anonymous
    Guest
    Anonymous

    Did the case get dismissed?

    Modz
    Guest
    Modz

    Yes it is true. Not only can you not obtain a CCW license, but it is also illegal for you to own a firearm period.

    Traveler
    Guest
    Traveler

    Being from Utah coming to NM to pick up family, does the open carry apply to out of staters too??? I like to conceal carry, but NM law doesn’t allow….

    Westerner
    Guest
    Westerner

    So , is open carry of a loaded firearm legal in mm? I am used to doing so on occasion in my home state

    Christopher Herrera
    Guest
    Christopher Herrera

    Yes, i open carry on multiple occasions and in front of law inforcement.

    Modz
    Guest
    Modz

    Just because you can, doesn’t mean you should. Make sure you are educated in firearm carry laws and are trained and fully competent to carry a pistol.
    I say this because anyone competently trained in the use of a firearm knows that conceal carry is the only way to seriously everyday carry. Open carry as a self defense method only makes you a target for would-be criminals.

    Valentino Messina
    Guest
    Valentino Messina

    There are a lot of states listed on the map above that show reciprocity with New Mexico; however, the New Mexico Department of Public Safety says otherwise: https://www.dps.nm.gov/reciprocity There is NO reciprocity with: Utah, Iowa, Montana, South Dakota, Alabama, Kentucky, Vermont, Wisconsin, Indiana, etc., etc. This information should be corrected. Thank you.

    Anthony Segura
    Guest
    Anthony Segura

    Don’t look at the NM DPS website for reciprocity states. The website information is outdated and is definitely incorrect. They are trying to have it corrected but they have no idea when it will be done.
    Anthony Segura, NM DPS Concealed Carry Instructor #556

    Mike
    Guest
    Mike

    Going from Az to NM with a Az concealed carry permit would I be legal to carry in New Mexico.

    Anthony Segura
    Guest
    Anthony Segura

    Yes

    Westerner
    Guest
    Westerner

    Anthony ,I then went one step further and checked each state I planned to travel through plus uscca’s site map too!

    Paul
    Guest
    Paul

    I’m from WA State and traveling through NM from Texas (flying to TX and driving back to WA). I read that I cannot conceal carry in NM. For clarity: Can I open carry as a non-resident in NM? It appears I can carry a loaded gun in the car. Correct? Thank you.

    Jay
    Guest
    Jay

    Yes you can open carry and have a loaded firearm in your vehicle with no permit regardless of which state you are from.

    David
    Guest
    David

    Further to that question, if I’m driving through NM tribal lands as a non-resident, can I have loaded or unloaded firearm in my car. Would not open carry on person.

    Adam
    Guest
    Adam

    Anyone from anywhere can open carry in NM outside the vehicle. Anyone can conceal or open carry inside their vehicle. Loaded or unloaded does not matter. As far as Tribal Lands; stay on the freeway/highway as those are not governed by them. If you take a side road, drive off the main road, etc… technically you have to have permission from the council.