New York Gun Laws
New York gun laws are very restrictive and operate on a “May Issue” policy at the local county level. This means that the issuance of a license is entirely up to the issuing officer. As a rough rule the higher the population of a county the more restrictive the gun laws become with New York City being the most restrictive. On the other side rural counties tend to have more permissive gun laws. Applications for a pistol permit are filed at the police or sheriff’s department and can take 4-6 months for approval, some counties are reporting a wait of 14 months. Licenses are not issued to non-residents but you may be able to obtain one if you are a part-time resident. Only handguns listed on the license can be used and all firearms must be registered with the State Police.
New York CCW Quick Facts
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New York City
New York Pistol License
- New York Pistol License Requirements
- How to Apply for a New York Pistol license
- New York Pistol license Renewals
- New York Pistol License Fee's
- Must be 21 years of age or older, provided, however, that where such applicant has been honorably discharged from the United States army, navy, marine corps, air force or coast guard, or the national guard of the state of New York, no such age restriction shall apply.
- Some counties may require you to complete a firearms safety course.
- Reside or maintain a principal place of business within the county application is filed in.
- Be of good moral character.
- Is not subject to a protective court order.
- Show proper cause exists for the issuance of a carry license, including, for example, target shooting, hunting, or self-defense.
- Have no prior conviction for a felony or other serious offense under NYS Penal Law.
- No good cause exists for the denial of the license.
- Not be residing in the United States illegally or unlawfully.
- Not have been admitted to the United States under a non-immigrant visa.
- Have not been convicted of a misdemeanor crime of domestic violence.
- Have not had a guardian appointed for him or her pursuant to any provision of state law, based on a determination that as a result of marked subnormal intelligence, mental illness, incapacity, condition or disease, he or she lacks the mental capacity to contract or manage his or her own affairs.
- Be free from any mental disorders, defects or diseases that would impair his or her ability to safely possess or use a firearm.
- Have not been involuntarily committed to a facility under the jurisdiction of the department of mental hygiene.
- Have not had a license revoked or who is not under a suspension or ineligibility order.
- Federal Law Requirements
New York Gun Policy
Permit Issued To
New York Pistol License Forms
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Recertification: NY Pistol License
Recertification of New York Pistol Licenses is now required with the introduction of the New York Secure Ammunition and Firearms Enforcement Act also known as the NY SAFE Act. The law was enacted in January 2013 in response to the shooting at Sandy Hook Elementary School. The recertification provision was just one of many that as the Governor claimed gave New York the toughest gun laws in the country.
- All holders of a New York Pistol License are now required to re-certify their license every 5 years.
- This applies to all types of handgun licenses including those issued for a lifetime with no expiry date.
- Failure to re-certify your pistol license will result in it becoming invalid if it has been more than 5 years since it was issued.
- You should receive notification in the mail that you need to re-certify.
- If you receive no letter for recertification that cannot be used as an excuse for not re-certifying your license.
- It is the responsibility of the license holder to know when their license expires
New York: Places Off-Limits for CCW
Places Off-Limits in New York
- Government buildings – in certain cities and counties
- New York airports
- Building or grounds, used for educational purposes, of any school, college, or university
- Within the city of New York unless a special permit granting validity is issued by the police commissioner of that city
- At any facility operated or licensed by the Office of Mental Health
- Any place where the carrying of firearms is prohibited by Federal Law.
Places Allowed in New York
- Forestry lands, owned and maintained by the State University of New York College of environmental science and forestry
- All areas of the state - except those listed as Off-Limits.
Pointers: New York CCW
Transporting Guns Through New York
If you do not have a valid New York Pistol License and try to transport a firearm through a New York airport the chances are good that you will be arrested, even if the firearm is encased correctly and declared.
You cannot rely on the Federal Firearm Owners Protection Act to protect you at airports, it is only valid when traveling in a vehicle. This was confirmed in 2013 when the US court of Appeals, Third Circuit, ruled in case No. 12-3621 that the federal Firearm Owners Protection Act, section 926A of Title 18 does not protect persons travelling through an airport. So if you do not have a New York firearms permit then our advice is not to attempt taking any weapon through a New York airport. If you have watched the video on this page then you will see what the consequences are for persons without a New York license.
New York Gun Sales...
All private gun sales must be processed through a licensed firearms dealer. The dealer is required to run a background check on the purchaser and then to provide documents relating to the check to the New York State Police. Furthermore, the purchaser must have a valid New York pistol license, a purchase document, and the firearm must be purchased within New York state.
- New York Pistol License.
- Purchase document for each handgun.
Before taking possession of a firearm you must supply the dealer with a purchase document. These can be obtained from the County Police Pistol License section. Before issuing a purchase document they will require a bill of sale from the dealer which has on it the make, model, type, caliber and serial number of the firearm plus confirmation the purchaser has passed a NCIS background check. Purchase documents are valid for 20 days and the firearm must be presented to the state licensing unit within that period for inspection and to be entered onto the database.
You can only possess handguns registered with the state.
New York Concealed Carry Laws
New York Gun Laws To Know
NO – Without a permit
It is illegal to possess a loaded firearm in any motor vehicle without a valid New York License to Carry. See the transporting firearms section on this page for more details.
If you have a New York pistol license then you can carry a loaded concealed handgun in a vehicle.
NO – with or without a permit
Open carrying a handgun is illegal in New York. If you have a concealed carry permit then your handgun must be carried concealed.
NO – Must Inform Officer
There is nothing in New York gun laws that state you must inform a law enforcement officer you have a firearm when approached on official business. You are legally required to carry your permit at all times during which the permittee is in actual possession of a concealed handgun.
400.00.8 NY penal code
New York does not have constitutional carry.
NOIt is illegal to carry in the following areas;
- State Parks: NO – Section 190 Dept. Lands
- State/National Forests: NO – Section 190 Dept. lands
- State Wildlife Management Areas: NO – Section 190 Dept. lands
- Road Side Rest Areas: NO – 17 CRR-NY IV C 156.12
“Yes” or “No” states if you can carry in a restaurant that serves alcohol. Some restaurants may be posted with “NO GUN” signs. Check with the staff if this means just the bar area. If we have indicated a “Yes” then it should be legal to have a meal without drinking alcohol.
We could not find any information in New York gun laws regarding NO WEAPONS signs.
GunsToCarry recommends that you do not enter a property displaying a “No Weapons” sign whether the law is for or against signage. If asked to leave a property and you refuse to do so then you are breaking the law and put yourself at risk of being charged.
(NY Civ. Rights Law § 4)
Other CCW Statutes
New York CCW FAQ's
New York CCW Contacts
Erie County Clerks Office
Monday – Friday 9am – 5pm
Address 92 Franklin St.
CityBuffalo, NY 14202
Phone (716) 858-6600