New York Gun Laws

north carolina state seal

New York gun laws are very restrictive and operate on a “May Issue” policy at the local county level. This means that the issuance of a license is entirely up to the issuing officer. As a rough rule the higher the population of a county the more restrictive the gun laws become with New York City being the most restrictive. On the other side rural counties tend to have more permissive gun laws. Applications  for a pistol permit are filed at the police or sheriff’s department and can take 4-6 months for approval, some counties are reporting a wait of 14 months.  Licenses are not issued to non-residents but you may be able to obtain one if you are a part-time resident. Only handguns listed on the license can be used and all firearms must be registered with the State Police.

New York CCW Quick Facts

Carry In Vehicle NO
Must Notify Officer NO
Carry In State Parks Allowed NO
No Gun Signs Enforced SEE DETAILS
Open Carry Permitted NO
Carry In Liquor Establishments YES
Constitutional Carry NO
total active ccw
permits in New York

Gun Laws

State rating
states that honor
a New York permit
New York honors
states not
honoring permit

New York CCW Dashboard

total active ccw
permits in New York

Gun Laws

State Rating
% population with a permit is 0.57%, too low to register on the counter
states Permit
honored in

NY Honors

states permit
not honored
with permit

New York CCW Reciprocity


  • Permit Honored
  • Permit not honored
  • Residential permits only
  • Issuing state

How Reciprocity Works in New York

New York will not honor any other states concealed carry permits, the one exception is a CCW license from New York City which are valid state wide.


A state issued New York Pistol license is not valid in the 5 counties that make up New York City. No handguns can be taken into the city unless New York City has validated your licence.

New York Reciprocity State's

Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Wisconsin

Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Wisconsin

Districts & Territories
New York City
California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Illinois, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Nebraska, Nevada, New Jersey, New Hampshire, New Mexico, New York City, North Dakota, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Washington, West Virginia, Wyoming.

New York Pistol License


  • Must be 21 years of age or older, provided, however, that where such applicant has been honorably discharged from the United States army, navy, marine corps, air force or coast guard, or the national guard of the state of New York, no such age restriction shall apply.
  • Some counties may require you to complete a firearms safety course.
  • Reside or maintain a principal place of business within the county application is filed in.
  • Be of good moral character.
  • Is not subject to a protective court order.
  • Show proper cause exists for the issuance of a carry license, including, for example, target shooting, hunting, or self-defense.
  • Have no prior conviction for a felony or other serious offense under NYS Penal Law.
  • No good cause exists for the denial of the license.
  • Not be residing in the United States illegally or unlawfully.
  • Not have been admitted to the United States under a non-immigrant visa.
  • Have not been convicted of a misdemeanor crime of domestic violence.
  • Have not had a guardian appointed for him or her pursuant to any provision of state law, based on a determination that as a result of marked subnormal intelligence, mental illness, incapacity, condition or disease, he or she lacks the mental capacity to contract or manage his or her own affairs.
  • Be free from any mental disorders, defects or diseases that would impair his or her ability to safely possess or use a firearm.
  • Have not been involuntarily committed to a facility under the jurisdiction of the department of mental hygiene.
  • Have not had a license revoked or who is not under a suspension or ineligibility order.
  • Federal Law Requirements

New York Gun Policy

May Issue

Permit Issued To

age required
cost of
CCW permit

Years Permit
is valid

Recertification: NY Pistol License


January 31, 2018 for Pistol License's issued before January 15, 2013


Recertification of New York Pistol Licenses is now required with the introduction of the New York Secure Ammunition and Firearms Enforcement Act also known as the NY SAFE Act. The law was enacted in January 2013 in response to the shooting at Sandy Hook Elementary School. The recertification provision was just one of many that as the Governor claimed gave New York the toughest gun laws in the country.

You will need to check the date when your Pistol License was issued. If it was more than 5 years ago then your permit will become invalid on January 31, 2018. Please take note of the following;

  • All holders of a New York Pistol License are now required to re-certify their license every 5 years.
  • This applies to all types of handgun licenses including those issued for a lifetime with no expiry date.
  • Failure to re-certify your pistol license will result in it becoming invalid if it has been more than 5 years since it was issued.
  • You should receive notification in the mail that you need to re-certify.
  • If you receive no letter for recertification that cannot be used as an excuse for not re-certifying your license.
  • It is the responsibility of the license holder to know when their license expires

New York: Places Off-Limits for CCW

new york state flag
New York state flag

Places Off-Limits in New York

  • Courthouses
  • Government buildings – in certain cities and counties
  • New York airports
  • Building or grounds, used for educational purposes, of any school, college, or university
  • Within the city of New York unless a special permit granting validity is issued by the police commissioner of that city
  • At any facility operated or licensed by the Office of Mental Health
  • Any place where the carrying of firearms is prohibited by Federal Law.

Places Allowed in New York

  • Forestry lands, owned and maintained by the State University of New York College of environmental science and forestry
  • All areas of the state - except those listed as Off-Limits.

Pointers: New York CCW

Pistol licenses in NYC & no issue policy
12 months to get a pistol license

Transporting Guns Through New York

Jailed for following the rules?
Transporting firearms through New York can be a risky business. People have been arrested at airports in New York just for declaring they had a firearm.
If you do not have a valid New York Pistol License and try to transport a firearm through a New York airport the chances are good that you will be arrested, even if the firearm is encased correctly and declared.

You cannot rely on the Federal Firearm Owners Protection Act to protect you at airports, it is only valid when traveling in a vehicle. This was confirmed in 2013 when the US court of Appeals, Third Circuit, ruled in case No. 12-3621 that the federal Firearm Owners Protection Act, section 926A of Title 18 does not protect persons travelling through an airport. So if you do not have a New York firearms permit then our advice is not to attempt taking any weapon through a New York airport. If you have watched the video on this page then you will see what the consequences are for persons without a New York license.


You will be arrested at New York airports if you try to transport a firearm through the airport without a New York Pistol License


The New York State Police and New York Police Department do not recognize the federal Firearm Owners Protection Act
Travel with caution through this state and if possible avoid it if you are transporting a firearm.

New York Gun Sales...

Private Sales
All private gun sales must be processed through a licensed firearms dealer. The dealer is required to run a background check on the purchaser and then to provide documents relating to the check to the New York State Police. Furthermore, the purchaser must have a valid New York pistol license, a purchase document, and the firearm must be purchased within New York state.

New York Concealed Carry Laws

new york state capitol building
New York state capitol building

New York Gun Laws To Know

NO – Without a permit

It is illegal to possess a loaded firearm in any motor vehicle without a valid New York License to Carry. See the transporting firearms section on this page for more details.

If you have a New York pistol license then you can carry a loaded concealed handgun in a vehicle.

NO – with or without a permit

Open carrying a handgun is illegal in New York. If you have a concealed carry permit then your handgun must be carried concealed.

NO – Must Inform Officer

There is nothing in New York gun laws that state you must inform a law enforcement officer you have a firearm when approached on official business. You are legally required to carry your permit at all times during which the permittee is in actual possession of a concealed handgun.

The Law
400.00.8 NY penal code


New York does not have constitutional carry.

It is illegal to carry in the following areas;

  • State Parks: NOSection 190 Dept. Lands
  • State/National Forests: NOSection 190 Dept. lands
  • State Wildlife Management Areas: NOSection 190 Dept. lands
  • Road Side Rest Areas:  NO17 CRR-NY IV C 156.12

“Yes” or “No” states if you can carry in a restaurant that serves alcohol. Some restaurants may be posted with “NO GUN” signs. Check with the staff if this means just the bar area. If we have indicated a “Yes” then it should be legal to have a meal without drinking alcohol.


We could not find any information in New York gun laws regarding NO WEAPONS signs.

GunsToCarry recommends that you do not enter a property displaying a “No Weapons” sign whether the law is for or against signage. If asked to leave a property and you refuse to do so then you are breaking the law and put yourself at risk of being charged.

“A well regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed.”
(NY Civ. Rights Law § 4)
no weapons sign in north carolina

Off-Limits Statutes

Other CCW Statutes

New York CCW FAQ's

frequently asked questions on north carolina gun laws

New York CCW Contacts

Erie County Clerks Office


Monday – Friday 9am – 5pm

Saturday Closed

Sunday Closed


Address 92 Franklin St.

CityBuffalo, NY 14202

Phone (716) 858-6600

Updates & Data Sources

Leave a Reply

11 Comments on "New York Gun Laws"

newest oldest most voted
Ibrahim Eddie. Ashmed
Ibrahim Eddie. Ashmed

The carry and concealed laws in NYC will be effective when. When can you apply and how long is the process just asking thanks so much.

Ibrahim Eddie. Ashmed
Ibrahim Eddie. Ashmed

NYC guns law on carry permits when it starts ?


Good evening,quick question I’m have been disabled for 4 years now with more surgerys in my future,can I apply for right to carry for protection for my family and myself,I have had my pistol permit for over 20 years,clean record,not even a speeding ticket, before my injurys protecting myself believe me was no promblem, putting that aside,my family comes first,I hope and pray It never happens,if it should I want to defend to the BEST of my ability, you don’t get second chances in these situations,Thank you for any response

John butkus

What does the letter C mean in front gun permit number

John SFO
How much longer will it take for someone to sue NYC for charging $430.00 for a licence to possess a handgun in one’s home? The Second Amendment right to keep & bear arms is just that–a right. Rights are not licensed let alone subject to payment of fees, privileges are. Any court obtuse enough to hold that NYC’s licensing fees are constitutional ought to concede that rights protected by the First Amendment are subject to licensing and fees. (Better yet, its judge ought to be disbarred.) Therefore, the NY Times, Post, and Daily News should have to obtain licences to… Read more »

This information is not correct. New York does NOT allow open carry. A You must conceal or you are breaking the law. You are allowed to have a firearm in the car but with stipulations: Rifles/shotguns do not require a permit. Only handguns do.


I am interested in purchasing an 80% lower to make my own glock pistol in my workshop at home. Do I need a pistol permit to do the machine work and possess this firearm once it it complete and functional? I live in western new york not NYC.

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