Ohio Gun Laws

Ohio gun laws allow residents of the state aged 21 and older to obtain a concealed firearms permit. They must have completed 8 hours of firearms training and meet other criteria to qualify. Non-residents can obtain a concealed carry license if they work in Ohio and they can also carry a firearm on any valid out-of-state permit, whether or not there is a reciprocity agreement with Ohio. Exemptions are made for military personnel who are posted in Ohio. Open carry is legal without a permit but not in vehicles.

ohio state seal

Ohio CCW Quick Facts

Carry In Vehicle SEE DETAILS
Must Notify Officer YES
Carry In State Parks Allowed YES
No Weapons Signs Enforced YES
Open Carry Permitted YES
Carry In Liquor Establishments YES
Constitutional Carry NO
LICENSE ISSUED TO
Residents
Non-Residents
STATE POLICY
Shall Issue
See Details

Ohio Handgun License

REQUIREMENTS

  • Must be at least 21 years old
  • You have completed an approved firearms training class of 8 hours
  • Non-Residents: If you live in another state you must be employed in Ohio
  • You must not have had a concealed carry license issued by another state suspended
  • You must not have been convicted of, pleaded guilty to, or adjudicated a delinquent child for committing a violation of section 2919.25 of the Revised Code (Domestic violence) or a similar violation in another state
  • You must not be under indictment, be charged with, or convicted of any felony
  • You also must not be under indictment, charged with, or convicted of an offense that involves trafficking in drugs, a misdemeanor offense of violence, or negligent assault.
  • In addition, you must not have been convicted, pleaded guilty, or been adjudicated as delinquent in connection with a crime that involves the illegal use, sale, possession, administration, distribution, or trafficking of a drug of abuse.
  • You cannot have been convicted, pleaded guilty, or been adjudicated as delinquent for assaulting a peace officer
  • You must not, within three years of your application, have been convicted, pleaded guilty, or been adjudicated as delinquent in connection with a misdemeanor offense of violence
  • You may not obtain a license if you have been charged with falsification of a concealed handgun license
  • You must not be subject to a civil protection order or a temporary protection order of an Ohio court or a similar protection order issued by another state
  • You must not have been convicted, pleaded guilty, or been adjudicated as delinquent in connection with two or more assaults or negligent assaults within five years of your application
  • You must not have been convicted, pleaded guilty, or adjudicated as delinquent in connection with resisting arrest within 10 years of your application. If you are charged with an offense during the application process, the sheriff can suspend your application until your case is resolved
  • Federal Law Requirements

ohio handgun License

Ohio CCW Dashboard

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Ohio Reciprocity Map

OHIO

Ohio CCW License recognition

  • Permit Honored
  • Permit not honored
  • Residential permits only
  • Only if issued after 3/22/15
    • Issuing state

    Ohio CCW Reciprocity

    Ohio Reciprocity State List

    0
    STATES
    Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico, North Carolina, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming
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    states
    Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania,Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming

    Districts & Territories
    District of Columbia, New York City, Guam, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands

    0
    states
    California, Connecticut, Hawaii, Illinois, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, New Jersey, New York, Oregon, Rhode Island, Washington D.C.

    How Reciprocity Works in Ohio

    Ohio will automatically recognize a valid concealed carry permit from any other state. It is not necessary that there is a reciprocity agreement between the states for the permit to be recognized. The law also gives Ohio the right to enter into reciprocity agreements with other states. 

    Ohio Reciprocity Agreements

    Currently Ohio has entered into reciprocity agreements with 22 other states. There are 12 states that will not honor an Ohio permit. All the reciprocity agreements can be viewed at the Ohio Attorney Generals website.

    Ohio State flag

    Ohio state flag

    Pointers: Ohio Handgun Laws

    Ohio: Places Off-Limits for CCW

    Places Off-Limits in Ohio

    • Police stations
    • Sheriffs’ offices
    • Highway Patrol posts
    • Premises controlled by BCI
    • Correctional institutions or other detention facilities
    • Airports secure areas
    • Facilities for the care of mentally ill persons
    • Courthouses or buildings in which a courtroom is located
    • Universities, unless locked in a motor vehicle
    • Colleges can decide for themselves if concealed carry is allowed
    • Government Bodies can decide for themselves if concealed carry is allowed
    • Places of worship, unless the place of worship permits otherwise
    • Child Day-Care Centers (Only If Posted)
    • Schools, but OK if locked in vehicle on school premises
    • Licensed Class D liquor permit premises, if you are consuming beer or intoxicating liquor or are under the influence
    • Any place where the carrying of firearms is prohibited by Federal Law.

    Places Allowed in Ohio

    • State parks
    • State and national forests
    • Road side rest areas
    • Vehicle
    • Airports non secure area
    • Day-care centers unless the day-care center has posted a “no-guns” sign
    • School premises if locked in a motor vehicle
    • Private aircraft
    • Business entities, property owners or public or private employers cannot ban anyone who has been issued a valid concealed handgun license from transporting or storing a firearm or ammunition when the items are locked in a person’s privately-owned motor vehicle on company property
    • All areas of the state – except those listed as off-limits.

    Ohio Handgun Laws To Know

    YES/NO – Without a permit

    Without a concealed carry license you may not have a loaded handgun in the vehicle. Motorcycles fall under the definition of motor vehicles.

    • As of September 30, 2011, firearms are no longer required to be carried in a holster, on the person while in a vehicle. (SB17)
    • As of September 30, 2011, firearms are no longer required to be in a closed case, bag, box, or other container that is in plain sight and that has a lid, a cover, or a closing mechanism. (SB17)
    • As of September 30, 2011, firearms are no longer required to be securely encased by being stored in a closed glove compartment or vehicle console, or in a case that is locked. (SB17)

    The Law
    2923.16

    YES – Without a permit

    Open carry in Ohio is legal without any license. However, you will need a permit to carry a loaded firearm in a vehicle.

    YES – Must Inform Officer

    Ohio gun laws say – “If a person is stopped for a law enforcement purpose and is carrying a concealed handgun as a CCW licensee, whether in a motor vehicle or not, he shall promptly inform the law enforcement officer that he is carrying a concealed handgun. If in a vehicle, the licensee shall remain in the vehicle and keep his hands in plain sight at all times and have no contact with the firearm.”

    The Law
    Sec. 2923.16

    NO

    Ohio does not have Constitutional Carry.

    YES

    It is legal to carry in the following areas;

    State Parks:    YES    Buildings are off limits
    State/National Forests:    YES      Buildings are off limits
    State Wildlife Management Areas:    YES Buildings are off limits
    Road Side Rest Areas:   YES      

    YES

    “Yes” or “No” states if you can carry in a restaurant that serves alcohol. Some restaurants may be posted with “NO GUN” signs. Check with the staff if this means just the bar area. If we have indicated a “Yes” then it should be legal to have a meal without drinking alcohol.

    It is illegal too carry a firearm if you have been consuming Alcohol. If you have consumed alcohol you are not allowed the weapon on your person or in a vehicle.
    You will need a permit to carry a firearm in Class D liquor premises.

    The Law
    Sec. 2923.121

    YES

    Ohio gun laws give “No Weapons” signs the force of law. There are legal penalties for entering a private property or business that has posted these signs.

    GunsToCarry recommends that you do not enter a property displaying a “No Weapons” sign whether the law is for or against signage. If asked to leave a property and you refuse to do so then you are breaking the law and put yourself at risk of being charged.

    The Law
    Sec. 2923.126

    History of Ohio Gun Laws

     
     

    Learn Ohio's Gun History

    • 1788 - A law to establish a militia is enacted. This is the first law relating to firearms in Ohio. It requires that all men aged between 16 and 50 participate in military duty. They must be armed with a musket, bayonet and four pounds of lead.
    • 1802 - Ohio enacts its first state constitution which states that “The people have the right to bear arms for their defense and security.”
    • 1859 - Ohio bans the carrying of concealed weapons.
    • 1974 - The ban on carrying concealed weapons is modified slightly to to allow for a defense of a concealed carry violation if the person could prove they were justified in carrying the weapon concealed.
    • 2002 - In a test case Klein v. Leis Ohio’s ban on concealed carry is declared unconstitutional by Judge Ruehlman.
    • 2003 - Klein v. Leis case is reversed by Ohio Supreme Court.
    • 2004 - Bill H.B. 12 is signed and Ohio legalizes concealed carry although the requirements are regarded as the most restrictive in the United States.
    • 2004 - 2016 numerous bills are enacted during these years that gradually eliminates the more restrictive sections of the concealed carry law bringing it into line with the rest of the United States.

    Ohio Gun Sales & Preemption

    Private Gun Sales in Ohio

    There is no requirement under Ohio gun laws for a background check on private gun sales.


    Preemption in Ohio

    There is full state preemption on all firearms laws in Ohio. Except any local laws restricting the discharge of firearms and some zoning laws. Preemption was confirmed by the Ohio Supreme Court in City of Cleveland v. Ohio

    Ohio Gun Statutes

    “The people have the right to bear arms for their defense and security; but standing armies, in time of peace, are dangerous to liberty, and shall not be kept up; and the military shall be in strict subordination to the civil power.”

    ohio state capitol building

    Ohio State Capitol Building

    Off-Limits Statutes

    Other CCW Statutes

    Ohio CCW FAQ's

    Ohio CCW Contacts

    Franklin County Sheriff

    Hours


    Monday – Friday 7am – 5pm

    Saturday Closed

    Sunday Closed


    Contact


    Address 410 South High St.

    CityColumbus, Ohio 43215

    Phone (614) 525-5090

    Email fcsoccw@franklincountyohio.gov

     

    Updates & Data Sources

    Comments

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    4. With the recent requirements about wearing masks during this COVID pandemic, am I still permitted to legally conceal carry in Ohio?

    5. If I am currently in the military and under the age of 21, am I able get a concealed carry permit?

    6. I will be traveling from Ohio to Oregon. There are 2 states maybe 3 if I decide to go into Colorado that do not recognize Ohio’s CCW permits that I will be going through. I’m fine with that, however when I cross into Illinois, Colorado or Oregon am I allowed to transport a firearm through their states if I separate the ammo and the firearm?

    7. Maybe I missed it, but is there a book that has all of the current laws in it ????

    8. I called the Sheriff’s Department in my County this morning to check on the status of my CHL application and they told me that I was going to be receiving a letter of denial due to a domestic violence charge that I received over 19 years ago as a juvenile if I were to get that expunged how long would I have to wait to go put in another application

    9. Are any places offering the required training class right now in Ohio to get a CCW?

    10. I forgot to renew my CCL, will they renew it if it has expired? Or do I have to take the course again?

    11. Can you get your ccw if you have been convicted of 2 ovi charges but 1 was dropped to a physical control? If not how long do i have to wait

    12. lost my ccw card how do i get a new one? can i still conceal carry if i dont have the physical card to show?

    13. I think I read that and honorably discharged veteran doesn’t require the training. Is this true therefore DD214 is your proof as such? If all true, what wd be my next step?

    14. I have a question if my husband has a felony from 30 years ago B&E will I be able to carry a gun

    15. As of resident of Ohio am I required to obtain a resident CCW or can I get a non-resident CCW from a state that Ohio honors their CCW?

      1. You can get either as you are not “required” to have either. Yes you can get another state’s non resident CHL. That’s why they’re called “non resident”. You’d be better off with the Ohio CHL as it covers 38 states.

    16. This page tells me what I need to know about firearm ownership, but what do I need to know about owning suppressors, short barreled rifles and other class 3 firearms?

    17. “When ARE I required to take the training?”

      “What if I LOOSE (let go of) my CCW license?” – You mean, “What is I LOSE my CCW license?”

      Methinks a grammar/spellchecker should be used for an official site like this   ?

    18. I have my CCW, and I’m a veteran with an honorable discharge. When it comes time to renew, I was told as long as I have my DD214 there will be no charge. Is a fact or myth.

      1. Fact. The state of Ohio waives the application fee for veterans. The only catch is, the only waive x amount of dollars worth a year, so you may have to wait until the beginning of the year to get yours free. You should be able to call the sheriff’s office to find out if the have hit the cap yet.

    19. My girlfriend and I are taking a trip by car to Wyoming. When I checked the reciprocity of States we would be driving through the only one that doesn’t accept Ohio’s CCW license is Illinois. Hopefully not, but if I were pulled over do I still need to inform officer that there is a loaded gun in vehicle?

      1. When you go through Illinois the firearm needs to be unloaded, in a case, in the trunk or furthest part of the vehicle from the driver, and the ammo seperate from the firearm. If those steps are taken you do not need to say anything to an Illinois officer because the firearm is not accessible to you.

      2. Illinois law does not state that you need to notify the officer, but you must carry and present your permit if requested. You may carry the firearm loaded if you have a CC permit from your home state, but you must remain in the vehicle or lock the firearm in the vehicle if you exit.

        430 ILCS 66/40

    20. As a resident of Ohio are you required to have an Ohio CCW, if you have your non-resident Virginia CCW? I initially applied for Virginia and obtained that permit because it gives you reciprocity in a few more states. I travel a lot for work and didn’t think to consider that it might not be valid in my home state. Any law that directly addresses this would be greatly appreciated.

      I spoke to the admin at my local sheriff’s department and she said it would be valid, but I wasn’t confident in her response. I also spoke with a few of my cop friends and they couldn’t give me a straight answer either.

      1. Last I checked, you can get as many non-resident permits as you want. I have a Utah permit and as long as I met their requirements, they didn’t care whether or not I had another permit. I don’t recall having to have any one resident permit regarding other states. Other tip; don’t ask cops, ask lawyers (says a non-lawyer).

      2. Yes if you have a Virginia out of state license it is good for ohio

    21. Does one need to be a resident of Ohio for 5 years in order to get a concealed carry permit>?

      1. No. But if resident of Ohio for less than 5yrs the fee for the license is slightly more.

    22. If I have my ccw, is it required that I carry my gun in a holster? Or am I able to carry it in a pocket or belt ?

      1. at least in the car, it has to be holstered, from what I just read.

    23. Can you have a round in the chamber? I know some cops are picky saying yes and others no just want a real answer

      1. never heard such a qualm. cops might not like a lot of things, but a round in the chamber isn’t specified for Ohio. CCW, good to go. Ask for supervisor if they are not getting the point.

    24. Are you aloud to carry openly or conceal (if you have a license) on fairgrounds? Like the huron or eire county fairgrounds?

    25. I don’t understand the South Carolina reciprocating with Ohio’s ccw law. I want to take my gun. But I don’t plan to carry it there.

      1. Ohio has resident and non-resident permits. I think SC only honors resident permit from my understanding

    26. I’m from Kansas so I didn’t need anything to buy or to carry my gun, it’s a 9mm handgun 16+1 mag. Will I need to get anything special or have to notify anybody once I move to Ohio to continue carrying or even owning my gun?

    27. Can a man carry a gun in a briefcase if he has a CCW permit in Ohio?

      1. Anyone that can own a firearm can carry a gun in a briefcase. If that firearm is loaded you need to have a CHL.

    28. If someone has an expunged record of a non-violent, non-drug, nothing to do with children, felony, can you get a CC license ?

      1. If your initial charges have been expunged, then yes. If not, then you may be allowed to attempt to expunge criminal charges through the same court which issued you the charges to begin with by applying to a board to review your history and good conduct.

      1. The permit is called a CHL (concealed handgun license), handgun being singular and may be interpreted to be just that. It is an officer’s discretion whether or not they would attempt to hassle you for carrying more than 1 firearm at a time, but generally can be treated as the same rule of thumb for pocket knives. Technically it is illegal to carry a blade that is “concealed” on your person in Ohio, but a great majority of individuals who carry knives on their person have them concealed inside of a waistband, pocket, or other clothing area and most officers will not enforce this law.

        1. Just wanted to note that this is completely wrong, once you have a CHL in Ohio you can carry as many handguns as you want on you. – Lawyer

    29. I bought a handgun in ohio 2 months ago..is the ccw background check the same as the pistol buy was??

      1. Yes. The same Federal background check that was used for your firearm purchase will apply to the sheriff department as well.

    30. I am retired US Army “combat arms” officer with 25 years active service and an Honorable Discharge, with my DD214 in hand, does this satisfy/validate the training requirement for Ohio CC? Qualified as Expert on M14, M16, and Army 9mm.

      1. Yes my neighbor just went through this took him about a week and a half to get a CCW

        1. In ohio you should be able to get ccw for free with your dd214..

    31. I have 2 Corrupting Another With Drug can I still get me CCW and in not when????

      1. Any drug conviction or juvenile adjudication, except for Minor Misdemeanor Drug Possession or Minor Misdemeanor Drug Paraphernalia outside of one year from conviction, anytime in the past, or any pending indictment or criminal charges will disqualify you from obtaining a CCW. However, you may be able to posses a weapon if your offence wasn’t a felony. But check with a competent firearms lawyer. IANAL.

    32. 2923.21 Improperly furnishing firearms to minor

      This page needs to be updated reflecting that actice duty military under the age of 21 and over 18 can purchase a handgun in the state of Ohio.

      “A) No person shall do any of the following:

      (1) Sell any firearm to a person who is under eighteen years of age;

      (2) Subject to division (B) of this section, sell any handgun to a person who is under twenty-one years of age;

      (B) Divisions (A)(1) and (2) of this section do not apply to the sale or furnishing of a handgun to a person eighteen years of age or older and under twenty-one years of age if the person eighteen years of age or older and under twenty-one years of age is a law enforcement officer who is properly appointed or employed as a law enforcement officer and has received firearms training approved by the Ohio peace officer training council or equivalent firearms training. Divisions (A)(1) and (2) of this section do not apply to the sale or furnishing of a handgun to an active duty member of the armed forces of the United States who has received firearms training that meets or exceeds the training requirements described in division (G)(1) of section 2923.125 of the Revised Code.”

    33. Just a quick question…I was reading through the requirements to obtain your Ohio CCW permit but nothing mentions anything about Child Support. I heard that if you owe back child support you cant get your CCW in Ohio. Is this true?

    34. My job requires me to carry a gun for work. If my gun card is expired Can i still wear my gun?

      1. You would still be allowed to wear your gun outside of the waistband and in plain sight due to Ohio’s open carry laws. Keep in mind that this is not fluid with concealed carry permit statutes and you would not be able to cover or conceal that firearm (either by clothing or vehicle) without obtaining your CHL.

    35. If I buy a handgun from a private party out of the state I reside in, am I able to use the firearm for my concealed carry?

    36. I live in ohio. Does anyone know when this map was updated or is it up to date?

      1. Author

        All the maps on this site are up to date, we constantly monitor the laws for any changes and update everything ASAP. If you look in the reciprocity section you will see a link to the state CCW site and a list of reciprocity states, we just follow that list and adjust the map accordingly.

    37. Question: I’m a Georgia resident with a state issued CW license staying with my parents in Ohio for a few months. Can I purchase a firearm on line and pick it up from a licensed firearms dealer in Ohio?

      1. You may purchase rifles and shotguns in a state other than the one you are a resident of. You may NOT purchase handguns in any other state other than your state of residence. This includes private sales.

    38. I live in North Carolina and I am going to visit my sister in Tiffin Ohio I run under the open carry law here I see Ohio has the open carry law also but my question is can I open carry there and what is the whole thing of you can and can’t carry in a Vehicle . Also does anyone know the law for Virginia and West Virginia I have to drive through there and I see they have open carry but can I carry in my vehicle as long as it’s in plain sight or does it need to be unloaded or in a lockbox

      1. Ohio accepts North Carolina CCW permits but this changes when speaking on the topic of open carry statutes. Unlike the reciprocity of CCW permits from other states, open carry laws for Ohio only apply to Ohio residents. Open carry is legal in Ohio, yes, but keep in mind that as soon as clothing or cover by vehicle takes place, it is considered concealing the firearm. So if you do not have a CCW/CHL and enter any vehicle (including motorcycles) with said firearm, you have now broken the law. This is the standing for Ohio and I would personally treat this as a good rule of thumb that can be applied to other states as well. If you do not have a concealed handgun permit and wish to properly transport your firearm in the vehicle, you must insure that the firearm is unloaded and stored in a case, bag, or box in a separate part of the vehicle in relation to your firearm. (i.e. ammo stored up front and the firearm stored in the rear of the vehicle or trunk).

    39. What is the carry limitations? (I.E. magazine limit, caliber limit, fire mode limits)

      1. Join the discussion…No magazine limits; no caliber limits. What do you mean by “fire mode”?

      1. Basically you do not have a duty to retreat in your home or vehicle, it stops short of being anywhere.
        If someone forcefully enters your home or vehicle law wise your life is automatically considered threatened and you are allowed to use any means necessary to end the threat without risk of Criminal Prosecution or Civil Liability Lawsuit.
        You do not need to prove they were trying to do you physical harm or you tried to flee first before using deadly force.

    40. If I’m active duty military stationed in South Carolina currently, have a Virginia drivers license, but an Ohio resident paying taxes to Ohio how would I go about applying for a license?

        1. As a former military man I can say I had a California drivers licenses but was a resident of Ohio. It’s a clause for a service member who lives abroad. It’s a non resident drivers licenses. I forget the USC but I had to use it twice while PCS’ing to another duty station. I finally went home on leave and got my updated Ohio Drivers license.

    41. I still have an Ohio CCW but we have moved to SC. Can I still carry in Ohio if the CCW is not expired when we visit relatives?

      1. The Ohio license will be valid to the expiration date but if you are permanently residing in another state then you will not be allowed to renew the license.

        1. The license expires the moment you establish residency in another state. Unless you are working in Ohio, the Ohio license is no longer valid.

      2. Once you establish residence in another state, your Ohio license is no longer valid. (there may be a “grace period” to obtain residency status, but that my or may not apply)

    42. There are many spelling and grammatical errors on this site. It would look more professional if these were cleaned up.

      1. Author

        Let us know where they are and we will correct them. Everything goes through a spelling checker but we still get missed errors.

        1. “When are I required to take the training?” “Are I exempt from training if in the military?” – just a few errors i found on the OHIO page.

      2. Who are you the spelling police? Knock off your whine baby crap you read it just fine right? Some one always wants to be superior by pointing out others mistakes., looks like you have to be that guy.

        1. Amanda Smith I wish there were emoji on this site instead of just up and down arrows. Your comment was the funniest thing I’ve read all day. Thanks for the comic relief. I think this is a fine website that seems to answer people efficiently and accurately.

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