Ohio Gun Laws
Ohio gun laws allow residents of the state aged 21 and older to obtain a concealed firearms permit. They must have completed 8 hours of firearms training and meet other criteria to qualify. Non-residents can obtain a concealed carry license if they work in Ohio and they can also carry a firearm on any valid out-of-state permit, whether or not there is a reciprocity agreement with Ohio. Exemptions are made for military personnel who are posted in Ohio. Open carry is legal without a permit but not in vehicles.
Ohio CCW Quick Facts
LICENSE ISSUED TO
Ohio Handgun License
- Ohio CCW Handgun License Requirements
- How to Apply for an Ohio CCW Handgun License
- Ohio CCW Handgun License Renewals
- Ohio CCW Handgun License Fee's
- Must be at least 21 years old
- You have completed an approved firearms training class of 8 hours
- Non-Residents: If you live in another state you must be employed in Ohio
- You must not have had a concealed carry license issued by another state suspended
- You must not have been convicted of, pleaded guilty to, or adjudicated a delinquent child for committing a violation of section 2919.25 of the Revised Code (Domestic violence) or a similar violation in another state
- You must not be under indictment, be charged with, or convicted of any felony
- You also must not be under indictment, charged with, or convicted of an offense that involves trafficking in drugs, a misdemeanor offense of violence, or negligent assault.
- In addition, you must not have been convicted, pleaded guilty, or been adjudicated as delinquent in connection with a crime that involves the illegal use, sale, possession, administration, distribution, or trafficking of a drug of abuse.
- You cannot have been convicted, pleaded guilty, or been adjudicated as delinquent for assaulting a peace officer
- You must not, within three years of your application, have been convicted, pleaded guilty, or been adjudicated as delinquent in connection with a misdemeanor offense of violence
- You may not obtain a license if you have been charged with falsification of a concealed handgun license
- You must not be subject to a civil protection order or a temporary protection order of an Ohio court or a similar protection order issued by another state
- You must not have been convicted, pleaded guilty, or been adjudicated as delinquent in connection with two or more assaults or negligent assaults within five years of your application
- You must not have been convicted, pleaded guilty, or adjudicated as delinquent in connection with resisting arrest within 10 years of your application. If you are charged with an offense during the application process, the sheriff can suspend your application until your case is resolved
- Federal Law Requirements
Ohio CCW Dashboard
Ohio Reciprocity Map
Ohio CCW License recognition
Ohio CCW Reciprocity
Ohio Reciprocity State List
Districts & Territories
District of Columbia, New York City, Guam, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands
How Reciprocity Works in Ohio
Ohio Reciprocity Agreements
Currently Ohio has entered into reciprocity agreements with 22 other states. There are 12 states that will not honor an Ohio permit. All the reciprocity agreements can be viewed at the Ohio Attorney Generals website.
Ohio state flag
Ohio Handgun License Forms
Download Your Forms
Pointers: Ohio Handgun Laws
Ohio: Places Off-Limits for CCW
Places Off-Limits in Ohio
- Police stations
- Sheriffs’ offices
- Highway Patrol posts
- Premises controlled by BCI
- Correctional institutions or other detention facilities
- Airports secure areas
- Facilities for the care of mentally ill persons
- Courthouses or buildings in which a courtroom is located
- Universities, unless locked in a motor vehicle
- Colleges can decide for themselves if concealed carry is allowed
- Government Bodies can decide for themselves if concealed carry is allowed
- Places of worship, unless the place of worship permits otherwise
- Child Day-Care Centers (Only If Posted)
- Schools, but OK if locked in vehicle on school premises
- Licensed Class D liquor permit premises, if you are consuming beer or intoxicating liquor or are under the influence
- Any place where the carrying of firearms is prohibited by Federal Law.
Places Allowed in Ohio
- State parks
- State and national forests
- Road side rest areas
- Airports non secure area
- Day-care centers unless the day-care center has posted a “no-guns” sign
- School premises if locked in a motor vehicle
- Private aircraft
- Business entities, property owners or public or private employers cannot ban anyone who has been issued a valid concealed handgun license from transporting or storing a firearm or ammunition when the items are locked in a person’s privately-owned motor vehicle on company property
- All areas of the state – except those listed as off-limits.
Ohio Handgun Laws To Know
YES/NO – Without a permit
Without a concealed carry license you may not have a loaded handgun in the vehicle. Motorcycles fall under the definition of motor vehicles.
You can still carry a gun in the vehicle with out a license if it is unloaded and carried in one of the following three ways;
- In a closed box or case
- In a compartment that a person can only reach by exiting the vehicle
- Secured in a rack or holder made for the purpose and in plain sight.
With a concealed handgun license the holder may transport a loaded, concealed handgun in a motor vehicle provided they do not have any alcohol in their system.
YES – Without a permit
Open carry in Ohio is legal without any license. However, you will need a permit to carry a loaded firearm in a vehicle.
YES – Must Inform Officer
Ohio gun laws say – “If a person is stopped for a law enforcement purpose and is carrying a concealed handgun as a CCW licensee, whether in a motor vehicle or not, he shall promptly inform the law enforcement officer that he is carrying a concealed handgun. If in a vehicle, the licensee shall remain in the vehicle and keep his hands in plain sight at all times and have no contact with the firearm.”
Ohio does not have Constitutional Carry.
It is legal to carry in the following areas;
State Parks: YES Buildings are off limits
State/National Forests: YES Buildings are off limits
State Wildlife Management Areas: YES Buildings are off limits
Road Side Rest Areas: YES
“Yes” or “No” states if you can carry in a restaurant that serves alcohol. Some restaurants may be posted with “NO GUN” signs. Check with the staff if this means just the bar area. If we have indicated a “Yes” then it should be legal to have a meal without drinking alcohol.
It is illegal too carry a firearm if you have been consuming Alcohol. If you have consumed alcohol you are not allowed the weapon on your person or in a vehicle.
You will need a permit to carry a firearm in Class D liquor premises.
Ohio gun laws give “No Weapons” signs the force of law. There are legal penalties for entering a private property or business that has posted these signs.
GunsToCarry recommends that you do not enter a property displaying a “No Weapons” sign whether the law is for or against signage. If asked to leave a property and you refuse to do so then you are breaking the law and put yourself at risk of being charged.
History of Ohio Gun Laws
Antique Pistol & Rifles
Learn Ohio's Gun History
- 1788 - A law to establish a militia is enacted. This is the first law relating to firearms in Ohio. It requires that all men aged between 16 and 50 participate in military duty. They must be armed with a musket, bayonet and four pounds of lead.
- 1802 - Ohio enacts its first state constitution which states that “The people have the right to bear arms for their defense and security.”
- 1859 - Ohio bans the carrying of concealed weapons.
- 1974 - The ban on carrying concealed weapons is modified slightly to to allow for a defense of a concealed carry violation if the person could prove they were justified in carrying the weapon concealed.
- 2002 - In a test case Klein v. Leis Ohio’s ban on concealed carry is declared unconstitutional by Judge Ruehlman.
- 2003 - Klein v. Leis case is reversed by Ohio Supreme Court.
- 2004 - Bill H.B. 12 is signed and Ohio legalizes concealed carry although the requirements are regarded as the most restrictive in the United States.
- 2004 - 2016 numerous bills are enacted during these years that gradually eliminates the more restrictive sections of the concealed carry law bringing it into line with the rest of the United States.
Ohio Gun Sales & Preemption
Private Gun Sales in Ohio
There is no requirement under Ohio gun laws for a background check on private gun sales.
Preemption in Ohio
Ohio Gun Statutes
“The people have the right to bear arms for their defense and security; but standing armies, in time of peace, are dangerous to liberty, and shall not be kept up; and the military shall be in strict subordination to the civil power.”
Ohio State Capitol Building
Ohio CCW FAQ's
Ohio CCW Contacts
Franklin County Sheriff
Monday – Friday 7am – 5pm
Address 410 South High St.
CityColumbus, Ohio 43215
Phone (614) 525-5090
Email [email protected]