Ohio Gun Laws

Ohio gun laws allow residents of the state aged 21 and older to obtain a concealed firearms permit. They must have completed 8 hours of firearms training and meet other criteria to qualify. Non-residents can obtain a concealed carry license if they work in Ohio and they can also carry a firearm on any valid out-of-state permit, whether or not there is a reciprocity agreement with Ohio. Exemptions are made for military personnel who are posted in Ohio. Open carry is legal without a permit but not in vehicles.

ohio state seal

Ohio CCW Quick Facts

Carry In Vehicle SEE DETAILS
Must Notify Officer YES
Carry In State Parks Allowed YES
No Weapons Signs Enforced YES
Open Carry Permitted YES
Carry In Liquor Establishments YES
Constitutional Carry NO
Shall Issue
See Details

Ohio Handgun License


  • Must be at least 21 years old
  • You have completed an approved firearms training class of 8 hours
  • Non-Residents: If you live in another state you must be employed in Ohio
  • You must not have had a concealed carry license issued by another state suspended
  • You must not have been convicted of, pleaded guilty to, or adjudicated a delinquent child for committing a violation of section 2919.25 of the Revised Code (Domestic violence) or a similar violation in another state
  • You must not be under indictment, be charged with, or convicted of any felony
  • You also must not be under indictment, charged with, or convicted of an offense that involves trafficking in drugs, a misdemeanor offense of violence, or negligent assault.
  • In addition, you must not have been convicted, pleaded guilty, or been adjudicated as delinquent in connection with a crime that involves the illegal use, sale, possession, administration, distribution, or trafficking of a drug of abuse.
  • You cannot have been convicted, pleaded guilty, or been adjudicated as delinquent for assaulting a peace officer
  • You must not, within three years of your application, have been convicted, pleaded guilty, or been adjudicated as delinquent in connection with a misdemeanor offense of violence
  • You may not obtain a license if you have been charged with falsification of a concealed handgun license
  • You must not be subject to a civil protection order or a temporary protection order of an Ohio court or a similar protection order issued by another state
  • You must not have been convicted, pleaded guilty, or been adjudicated as delinquent in connection with two or more assaults or negligent assaults within five years of your application
  • You must not have been convicted, pleaded guilty, or adjudicated as delinquent in connection with resisting arrest within 10 years of your application. If you are charged with an offense during the application process, the sheriff can suspend your application until your case is resolved
  • Federal Law Requirements

ohio handgun License

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Ohio Reciprocity Map


Ohio CCW License recognition

  • Permit Honored
  • Permit not honored
  • Residential permits only
  • Only if issued after 3/22/15
    • Issuing state

    Ohio CCW Reciprocity

    Ohio Reciprocity State List

    Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico, North Carolina, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming
    Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania,Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming

    Districts & Territories
    District of Columbia, New York City, Guam, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands

    California, Connecticut, Hawaii, Illinois, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, New Jersey, New York, Oregon, Rhode Island, Washington D.C.

    How Reciprocity Works in Ohio

    Ohio will automatically recognize a valid concealed carry permit from any other state. It is not necessary that there is a reciprocity agreement between the states for the permit to be recognized. The law also gives Ohio the right to enter into reciprocity agreements with other states. 

    Ohio Reciprocity Agreements

    Currently Ohio has entered into reciprocity agreements with 22 other states. There are 12 states that will not honor an Ohio permit. All the reciprocity agreements can be viewed at the Ohio Attorney Generals website.

    Ohio State flag

    Ohio state flag

    Pointers: Ohio Handgun Laws

    Ohio: Places Off-Limits for CCW

    Places Off-Limits in Ohio

    • Police stations
    • Sheriffs’ offices
    • Highway Patrol posts
    • Premises controlled by BCI
    • Correctional institutions or other detention facilities
    • Airports secure areas
    • Facilities for the care of mentally ill persons
    • Courthouses or buildings in which a courtroom is located
    • Universities, unless locked in a motor vehicle
    • Colleges can decide for themselves if concealed carry is allowed
    • Government Bodies can decide for themselves if concealed carry is allowed
    • Places of worship, unless the place of worship permits otherwise
    • Child Day-Care Centers (Only If Posted)
    • Schools, but OK if locked in vehicle on school premises
    • Licensed Class D liquor permit premises, if you are consuming beer or intoxicating liquor or are under the influence
    • Any place where the carrying of firearms is prohibited by Federal Law.

    Places Allowed in Ohio

    • State parks
    • State and national forests
    • Road side rest areas
    • Vehicle
    • Airports non secure area
    • Day-care centers unless the day-care center has posted a “no-guns” sign
    • School premises if locked in a motor vehicle
    • Private aircraft
    • Business entities, property owners or public or private employers cannot ban anyone who has been issued a valid concealed handgun license from transporting or storing a firearm or ammunition when the items are locked in a person’s privately-owned motor vehicle on company property
    • All areas of the state – except those listed as off-limits.

    Ohio Handgun Laws To Know

    YES/NO – Without a permit

    Without a concealed carry license you may not have a loaded handgun in the vehicle. Motorcycles fall under the definition of motor vehicles.

    • As of September 30, 2011, firearms are no longer required to be carried in a holster, on the person while in a vehicle. (SB17)
    • As of September 30, 2011, firearms are no longer required to be in a closed case, bag, box, or other container that is in plain sight and that has a lid, a cover, or a closing mechanism. (SB17)
    • As of September 30, 2011, firearms are no longer required to be securely encased by being stored in a closed glove compartment or vehicle console, or in a case that is locked. (SB17)

    The Law

    YES – Without a permit

    Open carry in Ohio is legal without any license. However, you will need a permit to carry a loaded firearm in a vehicle.

    YES – Must Inform Officer

    Ohio gun laws say – “If a person is stopped for a law enforcement purpose and is carrying a concealed handgun as a CCW licensee, whether in a motor vehicle or not, he shall promptly inform the law enforcement officer that he is carrying a concealed handgun. If in a vehicle, the licensee shall remain in the vehicle and keep his hands in plain sight at all times and have no contact with the firearm.”

    The Law
    Sec. 2923.16


    Ohio does not have Constitutional Carry.


    It is legal to carry in the following areas;

    State Parks:    YES    Buildings are off limits
    State/National Forests:    YES      Buildings are off limits
    State Wildlife Management Areas:    YES Buildings are off limits
    Road Side Rest Areas:   YES      


    “Yes” or “No” states if you can carry in a restaurant that serves alcohol. Some restaurants may be posted with “NO GUN” signs. Check with the staff if this means just the bar area. If we have indicated a “Yes” then it should be legal to have a meal without drinking alcohol.

    It is illegal too carry a firearm if you have been consuming Alcohol. If you have consumed alcohol you are not allowed the weapon on your person or in a vehicle.
    You will need a permit to carry a firearm in Class D liquor premises.

    The Law
    Sec. 2923.121


    Ohio gun laws give “No Weapons” signs the force of law. There are legal penalties for entering a private property or business that has posted these signs.

    GunsToCarry recommends that you do not enter a property displaying a “No Weapons” sign whether the law is for or against signage. If asked to leave a property and you refuse to do so then you are breaking the law and put yourself at risk of being charged.

    The Law
    Sec. 2923.126

    History of Ohio Gun Laws

    antique pistol and rifles

    Antique Pistol & Rifles

    Learn Ohio's Gun History

    • 1788 - A law to establish a militia is enacted. This is the first law relating to firearms in Ohio. It requires that all men aged between 16 and 50 participate in military duty. They must be armed with a musket, bayonet and four pounds of lead.
    • 1802 - Ohio enacts its first state constitution which states that “The people have the right to bear arms for their defense and security.”
    • 1859 - Ohio bans the carrying of concealed weapons.
    • 1974 - The ban on carrying concealed weapons is modified slightly to to allow for a defense of a concealed carry violation if the person could prove they were justified in carrying the weapon concealed.
    • 2002 - In a test case Klein v. Leis Ohio’s ban on concealed carry is declared unconstitutional by Judge Ruehlman.
    • 2003 - Klein v. Leis case is reversed by Ohio Supreme Court.
    • 2004 - Bill H.B. 12 is signed and Ohio legalizes concealed carry although the requirements are regarded as the most restrictive in the United States.
    • 2004 - 2016 numerous bills are enacted during these years that gradually eliminates the more restrictive sections of the concealed carry law bringing it into line with the rest of the United States.

    Ohio Gun Sales & Preemption

    Private Gun Sales in Ohio

    There is no requirement under Ohio gun laws for a background check on private gun sales.

    Preemption in Ohio

    There is full state preemption on all firearms laws in Ohio. Except any local laws restricting the discharge of firearms and some zoning laws. Preemption was confirmed by the Ohio Supreme Court in City of Cleveland v. Ohio

    Ohio Gun Statutes

    “The people have the right to bear arms for their defense and security; but standing armies, in time of peace, are dangerous to liberty, and shall not be kept up; and the military shall be in strict subordination to the civil power.”

    ohio state capitol building

    Ohio State Capitol Building

    Off-Limits Statutes

    Other CCW Statutes

    Ohio CCW FAQ's

    Ohio CCW Contacts

    Franklin County Sheriff


    Monday – Friday 7am – 5pm

    Saturday Closed

    Sunday Closed


    Address 410 South High St.

    CityColumbus, Ohio 43215

    Phone (614) 525-5090

    Email fcsoccw@franklincountyohio.gov


    Updates & Data Sources

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    TSgt BAustinDMMLornamiranda Welsh Recent comment authors
    newest oldest most voted

    I live in ohio. Does anyone know when this map was updated or is it up to date?


    Question: I’m a Georgia resident with a state issued CW license staying with my parents in Ohio for a few months. Can I purchase a firearm on line and pick it up from a licensed firearms dealer in Ohio?


    You may purchase rifles and shotguns in a state other than the one you are a resident of. You may NOT purchase handguns in any other state other than your state of residence. This includes private sales.

    miranda Welsh
    miranda Welsh

    I live in North Carolina and I am going to visit my sister in Tiffin Ohio I run under the open carry law here I see Ohio has the open carry law also but my question is can I open carry there and what is the whole thing of you can and can’t carry in a Vehicle . Also does anyone know the law for Virginia and West Virginia I have to drive through there and I see they have open carry but can I carry in my vehicle as long as it’s in plain sight or does it need… Read more »

    Nathan Smith
    Nathan Smith

    What is the carry limitations? (I.E. magazine limit, caliber limit, fire mode limits)

    TSgt B
    TSgt B

    Join the discussion…No magazine limits; no caliber limits. What do you mean by “fire mode”?

    Dakota Wilson
    Dakota Wilson

    What is Ohio’s castle doctrine?

    Troy Barbieri
    Troy Barbieri

    Basically you do not have a duty to retreat in your home or vehicle, it stops short of being anywhere.
    If someone forcefully enters your home or vehicle law wise your life is automatically considered threatened and you are allowed to use any means necessary to end the threat without risk of Criminal Prosecution or Civil Liability Lawsuit.
    You do not need to prove they were trying to do you physical harm or you tried to flee first before using deadly force.


    If I’m active duty military stationed in South Carolina currently, have a Virginia drivers license, but an Ohio resident paying taxes to Ohio how would I go about applying for a license?


    I would wait to apply. Also you have to do it in person, if I am not mistaken.


    TSgt B
    TSgt B

    How can you be an Ohio resident, but possess a Virginia driver’s license?


    I still have an Ohio CCW but we have moved to SC. Can I still carry in Ohio if the CCW is not expired when we visit relatives?


    The Ohio license will be valid to the expiration date but if you are permanently residing in another state then you will not be allowed to renew the license.

    TSgt B
    TSgt B

    The license expires the moment you establish residency in another state. Unless you are working in Ohio, the Ohio license is no longer valid.

    TSgt B
    TSgt B

    Once you establish residence in another state, your Ohio license is no longer valid. (there may be a “grace period” to obtain residency status, but that my or may not apply)


    There are many spelling and grammatical errors on this site. It would look more professional if these were cleaned up.

    Amanda Smith
    Amanda Smith

    Who are you the spelling police? Knock off your whine baby crap you read it just fine right? Some one always wants to be superior by pointing out others mistakes., looks like you have to be that guy.

    Amanda has issues
    Amanda has issues

    He’s helping them out. Calm down, snowflake.


    Join the discussion…You nailed it Amanda

    Sleuth NCloak
    Sleuth NCloak

    Amanda Smith I wish there were emoji on this site instead of just up and down arrows. Your comment was the funniest thing I’ve read all day. Thanks for the comic relief. I think this is a fine website that seems to answer people efficiently and accurately.