VIRGINIA GUN LAWS

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virginia state seal

Virginia gun laws operate on a "Shall Issue" policy and allow for concealed carry permits to be issued to residents and non-residents. Applicants for a CCW permit must be 21 or older and complete a firearms training course. For residents, applications are filed with the circuit court in their county of residence and non-residents must mail their application to the State Police. Open carry in Virginia is legal without a permit with the minimum age being 18 provided the person meets other qualifying laws.

Virginia CCW Quick Facts

Carry In Vehicle YES
Must Notify Officer NO
Carry In State Parks Allowed YES
No Weapons Signs Enforced NO
Open Carry Permitted YES
Carry In Bars SEE DETAILS
Constitutional Carry NO
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Virginia CCW Reciprocity

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virginia CCW permit recognition

  • Permit Honored
  • Permit not honored
  • Residential permits only
  • Non-Resident permits only
    • Issuing state

    How Reciprocity Works in Virginia

    Virginia honors all valid out of state CCW permits. Any person issued a concealed carry permit in another state may carry in Virginia provided they meet the following conditions;
    • They are at least 21 years old.
    • They must carry photo ID issued by a government agency of any state or the US Department of State or US Department of Defense.
    • The permit must be displayed with photo ID upon request from law enforcement.
    • The permit holder has not had a Virginia concealed carry permit revoked in the past.

    Virginia Reciprocity State's

    0
    STATES
    Resident Permit
    Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, West Virginia, Wyoming

    Non-Resident Permit
    Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Georgia, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming

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    Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming

    Districts & Territories
    District of Columbia, New York City, Guam, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands

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    California, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Hawaii, Illinois, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, New Jersey, New York, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Washington,
    • Wisconsin will only honor the Virginia Non-Resident permit.
    • Virginia will honor all Non-Resident permits from other states they honor.
    18.2 - 308.014 - Reciprocity

    Virginia Handgun Permit

    Virginia Gun Policy

    Shall Issue

    Permit Issued To

    Residents, Non-Residents
    CCW Permit Overview
    Concealed carry permits are issued to residents and non-residents. Any training requirements can be done online or in person with the minimum age of applicants being 21 years old. Application forms can be obtained on this website or picked up from Circuit Courts, Sheriffs office or the Police Department. There is no requirement that you have resided in the county or state for any length of time.

    Non-Resident Permits

    You can apply by mail for a non-resident permit. To request an application package write to the below address and include your full name, address and phone number;

    Firearms Transaction Center,
    Nonresident Concealed Handgun Permits,
    Criminal Justice Information Services Division,
    Department of State Police,
    P.O. Box 85141
    Richmond, VA 23285-5141.

    Applicants must be at least 21 years old. An instruction list on what you will need for a non-resident permit can be obtained here.

    Handgun Training
    You will need to submit proof that you are competent with a handgun. You can achieve this by any of the following methods;
    • Complete a NRA firearms safety course.
    • Complete a hunter safety or hunter education course that has been approved by the Department of game and Fisheries or a similar organization in other states.
    • Complete any firearms training or safety course available to the public from a college, firearms school, Department of Justice, Law enforcement agency or private or public institution with certified NRA instructors.
    • Online training course.

    REQUIREMENTS

    • Must be at least 21 years old.
    • Reside in the county you make your application in.
    • Demonstrate competence with a handgun.
    • Is not a person who has been convicted of two or more misdemeanors within the five-year period immediately preceding the application.
    • Is not a person who is addicted to, or is an unlawful user or distributor of, marijuana or any controlled substance.
    • Is not a person who has been convicted of public drunkenness, or of a substantially similar offense under the laws of any other state, the District of Columbia, the United States, or its territories within the three-year period immediately preceding the application, or who is a habitual drunkard.
    • Is not a person who the court finds, by a preponderance of the evidence, based on specific acts by the applicant, is likely to use a weapon unlawfully or negligently to endanger others.
    • Is not a person who has been convicted of any assault, assault and battery, sexual battery, discharging of a firearm or brandishing a firearm within the three-year period immediately preceding the application.
    • Is not a person who has been convicted of stalking.
    • Is not a person whose previous convictions or adjudications of delinquency were based on an offense which would have been at the time of conviction a felony if committed by an adult under the laws of any state, the District of Columbia, the United States or its territories. Only convictions occurring within sixteen years following the later of the date of (i) the conviction or adjudication or (ii) release from any incarceration imposed upon such conviction or adjudication shall be deemed to be “previous convictions.”
    • Is not a person who has received mental health treatment or substance abuse treatment in a residential setting within five years prior to the date of his application for a concealed handgun permit.
    • Federal Law requirements
    cost of
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    Pointers: Virginia Handgun Laws

    Virginia: Places Off-Limits for CCW

    virginia state flag
    Virginia state flag

    Places Off-Limits in Virginia

    • Private property when prohibited by the owner of the property, or where posted as prohibited
    • Place of religious worship while a meeting for religious purposes is being held
    • Courthouse
    • School property or school functions (School buses are school property)
    • Non-secure areas of airport terminals
    • Regional Jail or Juvenile Detention Facility
    • Any place where the carrying of firearms is prohibited by Federal Law.

    Places Allowed in Virginia

    • State parks
    • State and national forests
    • Road side rest areas
    • Vehicle
    • All areas of the state not listed as Off-Limits

    Virginia Concealed Carry Laws

    virginia state capitol building
    Virginia state capitol building

    Virginia Gun Laws To Know

    YES – Without a permit
    YES – Without a Permit/License
    Vehicle carry is allowed in a personal, private motor vehicle or vessel and such handgun is secured in a container or compartment in the vehicle or vessel. The term “compartment” includes a console, glove compartment, or any other area within or on the vehicle or vessel that possesses the ability to be closed and the term “secured” means that a container or compartment be closed but not necessarily locked.

    YES – Without a permit

    YES – Without a Permit/License
    Open carrying a handgun without a permit/license is legal in Virginia and common. The minimum age for open carry is 18.

    NO – Must Inform Officer

    There is nothing in Virginia gun statutes that state you must inform a law enforcement officer you have a firearm when approached on official business. The law does require you to carry your permit, together with photo ID, at all times during which the permittee is in actual possession of a concealed handgun.

    NO

    Virginia does not have constitutional carry laws.

    YES

    It is legal to carry in the following areas;

    State Parks:    YES
    State/National Forests:    YES
    State Game Management Units:    YES
    Road Side Rest Areas:   YES  

    YES/NO

    In Restaurants That Serve Alcohol

    If a Virginia restaurant does not have “NO WEAPONS” signs posted you can open and conceal carry a firearm into the restaurant. However, you are not allowed to consume alcohol if you conceal carry into the restaurant.

    The Law
    18.2-308.012

    NO

    “No Weapons” signs are not mentioned in Virginia gun statutes. There are no legal penalties for entering a private property or business that has posted these signs. They have no force of law unless they are posted in areas that are mentioned by the law as being off limits.

    GunsToCarry recommends that you do not enter a property displaying a “No Weapons” sign whether the law is for or against signage. If asked to leave a property and you refuse to do so then you are breaking the law and put yourself at risk of being charged.

    “That a well regulated militia, composed of the body of the people, trained to arms, is the proper, natural, and safe defense of a free state, therefore, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed; that standing armies, in time of peace, should be avoided as dangerous to liberty; and that in all cases the military should be under strict subordination to, and governed by, the civil power.”
    (Article I § 13)

    no weapons sign in virginia

    Virginia Off-Limit Statutes

    Other Virginia CCW Statutes

    For information on other states handgun laws please go back to the state laws page and select the state you are interested in.

    Other Virginia Gun Laws

    Private Sales

    Private gun sales without background checks are legal in Virginia. The only requirement is that both the seller and buyer are residents of the state in which the sale occurs.

    Gun Shows
    Background checks can be made on private gun sales at gun shows, this is entirely voluntary. Police will be stationed at the gun show and if requested will do a background check for a fee of $2.

    The Virginia State Police have printed a guide on private gun sales.

    Virginia CCW FAQ's

    virginia frequently asked questions on ccw

    Virginia CCW Contact

    Virginia Beach Circuit Court

    Hours


    Monday – Friday 8:30am – 4pm

    Saturday Closed

    Sunday Closed


    Contact


    Address 2425 Nimmo Parkway

    CityVirginia Beach, VA 23456-9017

    Phone (757) 385-4181

    Email TSinnen@courts.state.va.us

     

    Updates & Data Sources

    Disclaimer

    The information contained on this page is not legal advice but is merely a starting point for your own research. It is up to you to decide what the best course of action is for your circumstances. We are not lawyers, if you'd like individualized legal advice, we'd be happy to refer you to some law practices with known firearm specializations. It is crucial that you understand the law before you carry a firearm. Also, remember that just because a statute may clearly say one thing or another, that doesn't mean all members of law enforcement know it. That also goes for lawyers and even judges too.

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    curtis childressJeffrey LononKinJoshTaylor Anderson Recent comment authors
    newest oldest most voted
    Jeffrey Lonon
    Guest
    Jeffrey Lonon

    hey, this blog is so awesome. thanks for sharing this with us.
    https://okcorralgunclub.com/

    Kin
    Guest
    Kin

    I’m a VA resident with a CCW from DC, do I still need to get a CCW for VA?

    curtis childress
    Guest
    curtis childress

    yes, you do.

    Josh
    Guest
    Josh

    I am a VA Ccw holder and will be travelling to texas for a couple weeks for work. Is my VA permit honored there?

    Taylor Anderson
    Guest
    Taylor Anderson

    It’s interesting that different states will accept gun permits depending on where they were issued. I’ve been thinking of getting a permit to carry. Thanks for all the great information on getting a permit to carry in Virginia.
    https://www.osseogunclub.com/mn-permit-to-carry-class.html

    Gary Stewart
    Guest
    Gary Stewart

    Hi i am a non resident CCW holder, what is the procedure when my non resident CCW license expires?

    Alexis Grassette
    Guest
    Alexis Grassette

    Hello, My spouse is a british national that holds a Green Card with that being said 1. Can she legally buy a gun in the state of Va? 2. Can she open carry and or obtain a ccw permit? 3. Take a firearm course? ( A local gun range in Northern Va states that anyone participating is a US citizen)

    Gail M Rivers
    Guest
    Gail M Rivers

    Only citizens and permanent residents can purchase firearms freely subject to local, State and Federal restrictions. For non-immigrant aliens, non-residents can’t purchase guns at all. Borrow them, rent them but not purchase. … While it may seem like gun ownership is loosely or unregulated in the USA, it is anything but.Jul 20, 2017

    billy
    Guest
    billy

    Does my gun have to be out in the open view such an in passenger seat, floorboard, etc, in my car if I do not have a concealed carry permit? Or can I keep it in glove box or such?

    Chelo
    Guest
    Chelo

    Can I purchase and gun for myself and keep it in my home for protection without any license or anything for? Also a concealed license is only needed if you intend on keeping the firearm out of view correct? Otherwise you don’t need a license for the gun?

    Mazdaboi
    Guest
    Mazdaboi

    Perfectly legal to have a gun in your car or home. If you want to carry on your self concealed you need a permit. Open carry is legal for anyone legally allowed to own a firearm regardless of residency. In the vehicle without permit it needs to be in a container, doesn’t have to be unloaded, just put it in a gun bag or glove box Visible on seat next to you in a holster is ok, but don’t get hung up, they state wants it secure ..meaning it’s not going to go flying when you hit the brakes.

    Jalen
    Guest
    Jalen

    Couple of questions, I’m 19 and own an AR15 am I legally able to keep it in the passenger seat of my car tucked away? Can I open carry it? I’m looking to buy a pistol soon and know I can’t have a permit to conceal carry but if I buy it can I open carry it?

    Dutch
    Guest
    Dutch

    It can`t be tucked away or covered in any way at all. It must be in plain view. It may be laying in the floor board or on the back seat as long as it is visible at all times and not covered.

    Dutch
    Guest
    Dutch

    It must be locked in the trunk if you leave it in the car and you are not with it.

    Dutch
    Guest
    Dutch

    Yes open carry of any firearm is legal in Virginia

    Mazdaboi
    Guest
    Mazdaboi

    Legally able to own and obtain the firearm you can open carry the handgun. Must be 21 for a concealed permit. As for the rifle, you can have it in your vehicle, not in a case. Rule of thumb is not to have it loaded, as it’s COULD be viewed as engaged in hunting on or near a roadway. But nevertheless it’s legal to have in the vehicle.

    Recommend a locked and bolted down container for the rifle when not in vehicle

    Bradley
    Guest
    Bradley

    Active duty military, from georgia. Ga law allows conceal carry with your active duty military id card (uses the id as a conceal carry permit) …question 1. Does Virginia allow this under its reciprocity law? Question 2. Cann military carry concealed in VA without a permit (if they don’t allow it under reciprocity of the GA law above mentioned.) Or do I have to open carry?

    Mazdaboi
    Guest
    Mazdaboi

    You must have a permit for concealed carry. Military easily can obtain a resident permit. Visit the local court house, fill out the paperwork and a copy of your military orders and you’ll get your permit. I’d you obtain a GA permit before you come to VA that permit is accepted here.

    CasuallyHere01
    Guest
    CasuallyHere01

    Can you gift a firearm or handgun in virginia, and is there an age requirement for either of those?

    Dutch
    Guest
    Dutch

    You may gift a handgun to an adult 18 or over.

    Ty moss
    Guest
    Ty moss

    In Virginia what would happen if you got caught carrying an unregistered AR pistol in your vehicle but you have the bill of sale with you. could you get in trouble?

    Dutch
    Guest
    Dutch

    No. Gun registration is not required. As long as the gun has not been reported stolen and the serial number has not been altered you may possess the pistol as long as it meets all federal requirements for a pistol under the FFA.

    Bob Hayden
    Guest
    Bob Hayden

    If I open carry into STARBUCKS can they LEGALLY Not serve me or Ask me to leave without service???Isnt this the same as refusing to make a Gay wedding Cake???🤷‍♂️🤷‍♂️🤯🤯

    Dutch
    Guest
    Dutch

    Companies are considered private property and they can ask you to leave or refuse service for any reason. Is it right, no. Can you make a big stink about it, yes. Is it worth the fight, I don’t think so.

    Bill
    Guest
    Bill

    I was a PA resident and got my CCW permit while living in PA 2 years ago. I am now a Virginia resident. Can I keep the PA permit until it expired in 3 years or do I need to get a VA permit now that I am a resident of VA?

    Chinch
    Guest
    Chinch

    There may be a clause with regard to the PA permit that states it is only valid if your home of record is still in PA. I had a CO resident permit that expired when I moved to VA, even though its date had not yet expired.

    Kevin
    Guest
    Kevin

    I have a valid CCW in the state of Virginia, I’m traveling to FLorida, I see on the map that South Carolina and Florida shows Residential permits only, so does that mean they do not recognize VA CCW? Thank you

    S. B
    Guest
    S. B

    They do not accept non resident va permits. Meaning an out of state person gets a va non resident permit would not be recognized.

    James Hickman
    Guest
    James Hickman

    I have a ccw permit. Can my employer deny me my right to carry? I work for a private company. They have no signage to the effect and only have a statement in their handbook restricting any illegal firearms to be in company vehicles.

    buccleugh
    Guest
    buccleugh

    What makes a firearm “illegal”?

    Dutch
    Guest
    Dutch

    Yes. When you signed the agreement to work for that company you agreed to the terms of employment and may be terminated if they find out you are violating their policy. The risk is up to you.

    Wheldon
    Guest
    Wheldon

    If I am active duty military with a active ccw permit in the state of Florida and I move to Virginia can I keep my Florida or do I need to reapply for a Virginia license

    carlos
    Guest
    carlos

    VA will honor all out-of-state permits that are not expired.

    Albert Brown
    Guest
    Albert Brown

    Can I SIRT Laser Training Pistol in MD with Commonwealth Of Virginia Nonresident Concealed Handgun Permit ?

    Marcus
    Guest
    Marcus

    Hello, I would like to know if it is within my legal right to drive with a unloaded shotgun in my vehicle in the state of Virginia.

    David McCormack
    Guest
    David McCormack

    Yes

    Cyndi
    Guest
    Cyndi

    Can I own a gun in the state of Virginia if my spouse is a felon?

    David McCormack
    Guest
    David McCormack

    Not if you’re living under the same roof.