VIRGINIA GUN LAWS
Updated Guide (2018)
Are you looking for information on Virginia gun laws?
Virginia gun laws operate on a "Shall Issue" policy and allow for concealed carry permits to be issued to residents and non-residents. Applicants for a CCW permit must be 21 or older and complete a firearms training course. For residents, applications are filed with the circuit court in their county of residence and non-residents must mail their application to the State Police. Open carry in Virginia is legal without a permit with the minimum age being 18 provided the person meets other qualifying laws.
Virginia CCW Quick Facts
Virginia CCW Dashboard
Virginia CCW Reciprocity
virginia CCW permit recognition
How Reciprocity Works in Virginia
- They are at least 21 years old.
- They must carry photo ID issued by a government agency of any state or the US Department of State or US Department of Defense.
- The permit must be displayed with photo ID upon request from law enforcement.
- The permit holder has not had a Virginia concealed carry permit revoked in the past.
Virginia Reciprocity State's
Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, West Virginia, Wyoming
Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Georgia, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming
Districts & Territories
District of Columbia, New York City, Guam, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands
- Wisconsin will only honor the Virginia Non-Resident permit.
- Virginia will honor all Non-Resident permits from other states they honor.
Virginia Handgun Permit
Virginia Gun Policy
Permit Issued To
CCW Permit OverviewConcealed carry permits are issued to residents and non-residents. Any training requirements can be done online or in person with the minimum age of applicants being 21 years old. Application forms can be obtained on this website or picked up from Circuit Courts, Sheriffs office or the Police Department. There is no requirement that you have resided in the county or state for any length of time.
You can apply by mail for a non-resident permit. To request an application package write to the below address and include your full name, address and phone number;Firearms Transaction Center,
Nonresident Concealed Handgun Permits,
Criminal Justice Information Services Division,
Department of State Police,
P.O. Box 85141
Richmond, VA 23285-5141.
Applicants must be at least 21 years old. An instruction list on what you will need for a non-resident permit can be obtained here.
Handgun TrainingYou will need to submit proof that you are competent with a handgun. You can achieve this by any of the following methods;
- Complete a NRA firearms safety course.
- Complete a hunter safety or hunter education course that has been approved by the Department of game and Fisheries or a similar organization in other states.
- Complete any firearms training or safety course available to the public from a college, firearms school, Department of Justice, Law enforcement agency or private or public institution with certified NRA instructors.
- Online training course.
- Virginia CCW Handgun Permit Requirements
- Virginia CCW Handgun Permit Application
- Virginia CCW Handgun Permit Renewal
- Virginia CCW Handgun Permit Fee's
- Must be at least 21 years old.
- Reside in the county you make your application in.
- Demonstrate competence with a handgun.
- Is not a person who has been convicted of two or more misdemeanors within the five-year period immediately preceding the application.
- Is not a person who is addicted to, or is an unlawful user or distributor of, marijuana or any controlled substance.
- Is not a person who has been convicted of public drunkenness, or of a substantially similar offense under the laws of any other state, the District of Columbia, the United States, or its territories within the three-year period immediately preceding the application, or who is a habitual drunkard.
- Is not a person who the court finds, by a preponderance of the evidence, based on specific acts by the applicant, is likely to use a weapon unlawfully or negligently to endanger others.
- Is not a person who has been convicted of any assault, assault and battery, sexual battery, discharging of a firearm or brandishing a firearm within the three-year period immediately preceding the application.
- Is not a person who has been convicted of stalking.
- Is not a person whose previous convictions or adjudications of delinquency were based on an offense which would have been at the time of conviction a felony if committed by an adult under the laws of any state, the District of Columbia, the United States or its territories. Only convictions occurring within sixteen years following the later of the date of (i) the conviction or adjudication or (ii) release from any incarceration imposed upon such conviction or adjudication shall be deemed to be “previous convictions.”
- Is not a person who has received mental health treatment or substance abuse treatment in a residential setting within five years prior to the date of his application for a concealed handgun permit.
- Federal Law requirements
Pointers: Virginia Handgun Laws
Virginia CCW Handgun Permit Forms
Download Your Forms
Virginia: Places Off-Limits for CCW
Places Off-Limits in Virginia
- Private property when prohibited by the owner of the property, or where posted as prohibited
- Place of religious worship while a meeting for religious purposes is being held
- School property or school functions (School buses are school property)
- Non-secure areas of airport terminals
- Regional Jail or Juvenile Detention Facility
- Any place where the carrying of firearms is prohibited by Federal Law.
Places Allowed in Virginia
- State parks
- State and national forests
- Road side rest areas
- All areas of the state not listed as Off-Limits
Virginia Concealed Carry Laws
Virginia Gun Laws To Know
YES – Without a permitYES – Without a Permit/License
Vehicle carry is allowed in a personal, private motor vehicle or vessel and such handgun is secured in a container or compartment in the vehicle or vessel. The term “compartment” includes a console, glove compartment, or any other area within or on the vehicle or vessel that possesses the ability to be closed and the term “secured” means that a container or compartment be closed but not necessarily locked.
YES – Without a permit
YES – Without a Permit/License
Open carrying a handgun without a permit/license is legal in Virginia and common. The minimum age for open carry is 18.
NO – Must Inform Officer
There is nothing in Virginia gun statutes that state you must inform a law enforcement officer you have a firearm when approached on official business. The law does require you to carry your permit, together with photo ID, at all times during which the permittee is in actual possession of a concealed handgun.
Virginia does not have constitutional carry laws.
It is legal to carry in the following areas;
State Parks: YES
State/National Forests: YES
State Game Management Units: YES
Road Side Rest Areas: YES
In Restaurants That Serve Alcohol
If a Virginia restaurant does not have “NO WEAPONS” signs posted you can open and conceal carry a firearm into the restaurant. However, you are not allowed to consume alcohol if you conceal carry into the restaurant.
“No Weapons” signs are not mentioned in Virginia gun statutes. There are no legal penalties for entering a private property or business that has posted these signs. They have no force of law unless they are posted in areas that are mentioned by the law as being off limits.
GunsToCarry recommends that you do not enter a property displaying a “No Weapons” sign whether the law is for or against signage. If asked to leave a property and you refuse to do so then you are breaking the law and put yourself at risk of being charged.
“That a well regulated militia, composed of the body of the people, trained to arms, is the proper, natural, and safe defense of a free state, therefore, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed; that standing armies, in time of peace, should be avoided as dangerous to liberty; and that in all cases the military should be under strict subordination to, and governed by, the civil power.”
(Article I § 13)
Virginia Off-Limit Statutes
Other Virginia CCW Statutes
Other Virginia Gun Laws
Private gun sales without background checks are legal in Virginia. The only requirement is that both the seller and buyer are residents of the state in which the sale occurs.
Background checks can be made on private gun sales at gun shows, this is entirely voluntary. Police will be stationed at the gun show and if requested will do a background check for a fee of $2.
The Virginia State Police have printed a guide on private gun sales.
Virginia CCW FAQ's
Virginia CCW Contact
Virginia Beach Circuit Court
Monday – Friday 8:30am – 4pm
Address 2425 Nimmo Parkway
CityVirginia Beach, VA 23456-9017
Phone (757) 385-4181