Statistics on Concealed Carry

The definitive checklist for all the statistics on concealed carry data you need in 2017.

graph of active concealed carry permit numbers

Active CCW Permits

Complete list of how many concealed carry permits have been issued in each state.

nics checklist for background checks

Background Checks

Get the latest figures and facts from the Federal Government on NICS background checks.

dollar signs for concealed carry permit fees

CCW Permit Fees

Which state has the best deal on concealed carry permits and whats the average price?

Active concealed carry
permits in the usa
there has been a
increase in permits since 2007

Concealed Carry Permits By State

Statistics on Concealed Carry Permits Issued

Hover over bars for details

Annual Increase

The following figures show the average number of concealed carry permits issued per year.

1999 - 2007

The statistics on concealed carry permits show slow growth from 2.7 million to 4.6 million between 1999 and 2007.

2008 - 2011

Starting in 2008 growth began to accelerate. By 2011 the Government estimated that there was 8 million concealed carry permits.

2012 - 2013

In June 2014 the number of concealed carry permits had increased to 11.1 million.

2014 - new record

2016 saw the figure climb to over 14.5 million permits.

2016 - new record

Concealed Carry Permit Numbers by State

StateActive PermitsData Updated
Alabama755,618 estJune, 2017
Alaska9870March 16, 2017
Arizona316,948March 14, 2017
Arkansas220,224March 14, 2017
California92,000December 31, 2016
Colorado388,646April 30, 2017
Connecticut255,502April 30, 2017
Delaware17,436March 28, 2017
District of Columbia124July 3, 2017
Florida1,784,395June 30, 2017
Georgia979,006May, 2017
Hawaii221December 31, 2016
Idaho129,312June 16, 2017
Illinois243,245May 31, 2017
Indiana799,546March 31, 2017
Iowa273,852December 31, 2016
Kansas93,092March 27, 2017
Kentucky311,994December 31, 2015
Louisiana173,881December 31, 2016
Maine42,000June 30, 2017
Maryland17,414March 16, 2017
Massachusetts412,369December, 2016
Michigan616,508June 2, 2017
Minnesota276,109July 1, 2017
Mississippi46,598June 21, 2016
Missouri160,184December 31, 2012
Montana 50,050March 14, 2017
Nebraska55,710March 27, 2017
Nevada119,162June 1, 2017
New Hampshire89,084December 31, 2016
New Jersey1,2122012-2013
New Mexico42,839March 16, 2017
New York88,205 estJune, 2017
North Carolina604,737May 31, 2017
North Dakota48,700December 31, 2016
Ohio623,000December 31, 2016
Oklahoma283,587May 8, 2017
Oregon256,943May 1, 2017
Pennsylvania1,275,000March 15, 2017
Rhode Island2,560March 14, 2017
South Carolina308,406December 31, 2016
South Dakota93,438May 31, 2017
Tennessee594,498June 2, 2017
Texas1,200,746May 31, 2017
Utah698,920March 31, 2017
VermontNo permits issued
Virginia429,837March 14, 2017
Washington578,299March 15, 2017
West Virginia147,801February 28, 2015
Wisconsin328,907June 1, 2017
Wyoming31,758March 16, 2017

The number of women with a permit increased at a rate twice as fast as men between 2012 – 2016.

there are now
permitless carry states

The latest statistics on concealed carry shows that minorities with permits are increasing at a rate 75% faster than whites.

Which States Have The Most Permit Users?

States With The Highest Permit Users

Hover over state for details

Map key

  • 12 – 15 %
  • 9 – 12 %
  • 6 – 9 %
  • 3 – 6 %
  • 0 – 3 %

Percentage of USA
Population with permit

Three states, Florida, Texas, and Pennsylvania have more than a million permit holders.

alabama has highest
population with permits

Gun Ownership Notes

chart for concealed carry statisticsStatistics on concealed carry permit data cannot be considered an accurate measurement of gun ownership. There are three main reasons;

  • These figures do not take into account persons who carry handguns in the 14 states that do not require a permit. People usually only obtain a permit in these states for out-of-state travel. Plus the fact no fee’s or training is required probably means these states have some of the highest rates of handgun ownership.
  • It is difficult to obtain data from some states. Data in New York and Alabama is not collected at the state level, it is left up to the counties or cities.
  • About 687,840 of the permits are “non-residential” which can distort the figures as the holders most often have another permit in their home state.
  • Some of the data is over a year old so does take into account recent growth.

With the trend towards permitless concealed carry, it will become more difficult to obtain data on handgun ownership. It is safe to say that the figure of 14.9 million is an underestimate of the total active concealed permits in the United States.

Faster Way To View The Data

Hover over bars for details

State% Population
South Dakota14.32%
West Virginia10.15%
North Dakota8.38%
South Carolina7.98%
North Carolina7.71%
New Hampshire4.70%
New Mexico2.69%
New York0.57%
Rhode Island0.30%
District of Columbia0.02%
New Jersey0.01%
VermontNo Permits issued

NICS Firearm Background Checks

Background Checks Per Year

Hover over bars for details

NICS checks from
January to May 2017

Between 2007 and 2016 the National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS) saw a rapid increase from 11.2 million to 27.5 million checks done per year.

Background checks do not represent the number of guns being sold. Multiple guns can be sold with just one NICS check.

Reasons for NICS Denial

Hover over pie chart for details

Total federal NICS denials

days that a
nics check is valid

databases that a
nics check searches

Background Checks & Private Gun Sales

Hover over map for details

Map Key

  • Transfer of handguns
  • Transfer of all firearms
  • Voluntary checks
  • No checks on private sales

states requiring checks
on private gun sales

States that require a background Check

California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Illinois, Iowa, Massachusetts, Michigan, Maryland, New Jersey, Nebraska, North Carolina, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Washington

Check out more CCW maps in our library.

Background Checks & Private Gun Sales
There are now 18 states that require a background check for private gun sales. They have basically extended the Federal background check law to include private sales. And at least eight of these states now require background checks at the point of sale for all types of firearms. The states that have this requirement are;

California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, New York, Oregon, Rhode Island, Washington, District of Columbia.

Two states, Pennsylvania and Maryland limit the check to only handguns. There are four states, Illinois, Hawaii, New Jersey, and Massachusetts that require any person purchasing a firearm to get a permit after a background check. And a further four states, Michigan, Iowa, Nebraska, and North Carolina that have the same requirement but limit it to handguns. You are also required in Illinois to have a background check when a firearm is sold at any gun show.

Under Nevada law unlicensed sellers can request a background check on anyone purchasing a firearm, but it is not mandatory and left up to the discretion of the seller.

Unlicensed sellers are also required by many of these jurisdictions to keep a record of any firearms sales and in some states report to law enforcement any sales of firearms.

Concealed Carry Permit Fees

Comparison of State CCW Permit Fees

StatePermit TypeInitial Handgun Carry Permit FeeLength Permit is Valid (years)Cost to carry for 5 years
AlabamaConcealed handgun permit$5-$30 per year
Varies by County
1-5 years (chosen by applicant)$25-$130
Varies by County
AlaskaConstitutional carry/permit available for reciprocity$875$87
ArizonaConstitutional carry/permit available for reciprocity$60.005$60
ArkansasConstitutional carry/permit available for reciprocity$137
$87 (age 65+)
CaliforniaConcealed carry weapons license$100 plus additional fees. Varies by county.2$212
ColoradoConcealed handgun permit$52.50 plus additional fees5$52
ConnecticutState permit to carry pistols or revolvers$70.005$70
DelawareLicense to carry concealed deadly weapon$655$65
District of ColumbiaConcealed carry pistol license$752$225
FloridaConcealed weapon or firearm license$1027$102
GeorgiaWeapons carry license$75.00 varies by county5$75
HawaiiLicense to carry handgun$421$210
IdahoConcealed weapons license$20.00 plus additional fees5$20
IllinoisConcealed carry license$1505$150
IndianaLicense to carry handgun$51.95 or
$211.95 lifetime
IowaPermit to carry weapons$50.005$50
KansasConstitutional carry/Concealed carry handgun license available for reciprocity$132.504$165
KentuckyCarry concealed deadly weapon license$60.005$60
LouisianaConcealed handgun permit$125.00 or $500 lifetime5$125
MaineConstitutional carry/Concealed handgun permit available for reciprocity.$354$43
MarylandHandgun wear and carry permit$75.00 plus fingerprint fees3$125
MassachusettsLicense to carry firearms$1006$100
MichiganConcealed pistol license$1154$143
MinnesotaPermit to carry pistol$100 varies by county5$100
MississippiConstitutional carry/Firearms permit available for reciprocity$1125$112
MissouriConcealed carry permit$1005$100
MontanaConcealed carry handgun permit$604$75
NebraskaConcealed handgun permit$1005$100
NevadaConcealed firearm permit$96.255$96
New HampshireConstitutional carry/Pistol & Revolver License available for reciprocity$10 resident
$100 non-resident
New JerseyPermit to carry a handgun$50 plus additional fees2$250
New MexicoConcealed handgun license$1004$125
New YorkPistol & revolver license$20 varies by county5$20
New York CityHandgun license$340 plus additional fees3$566
North CarolinaConcealed handgun permit$80 plus additional fees5$80
North DakotaConstitutional carry/Concealed weapons license available for reciprocity$605$60
OhioLicense to carry a concealed handgun$675$67
OklahomaSelf defense act license$100 or $200 for 10 years5$100
OregonConcealed handgun license$654$81
PennsylvaniaLicense to carry firearms$205$20
Rhode IslandLicense to carry a concealable weapon$404$50
South CarolinaConcealed weapon permit$505$50
South DakotaConcealed Pistol Permit$10 or $70 Gold card and $100 enhanced5$10
TennesseeHandgun carry permit$100 or Lifetime $300 8$62
TexasLicense to carry a handgun$1405$140
UtahConcealed Firearm Permit$39
VermontNO PERMITS REQUIRED/has never issued permitsN/AN/A0
VirginiaConcealed handgun permit$50.005$50
WashingtonConcealed pistol license$365$36
West VirginiaConstitutional carry/Concealed pistol & revolver license available for reciprocity$75 plus additional fee of $25 if approved5$100
WisconsinConcealed weapon license$405$40
WyomingConstitutional carry/Concealed firearm permits available for reciprocity$645$64
ccw permit fee

new york city
Highest ccw permit fee

south dakota
Lowest ccw permit fee

Data Sources

Crime Prevention Research Center

Various State Firearms sites

Report by;
Crime Prevention Research Center
Crime Prevention Research Center

Various State Firearms sites


July 3, 2017updated permit fees, permit numbers and background check map.
July 21, 2017all permit number figures and population statistics updated to latest 2017 data.